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English 9 EOC Review Owens & Ruppel-Lee 2013. The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell Main characters: Sanger Rainsford (famous hunter), General Zaroff.

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Presentation on theme: "English 9 EOC Review Owens & Ruppel-Lee 2013. The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell Main characters: Sanger Rainsford (famous hunter), General Zaroff."— Presentation transcript:

1 English 9 EOC Review Owens & Ruppel-Lee 2013

2 The Most Dangerous Game by Richard Connell Main characters: Sanger Rainsford (famous hunter), General Zaroff (an exceptionally good hunter as well, very weathy), Ivan (Zaroffs mute and physically intimidating servant) Setting: Ship Trap Island in the Caribbean, 20 th century Conflict:Sanger falls off his boat while sailing past a tropical island and swims ashore, not knowing his main conflict will be being hunted by the islands owner, General Zaroff Rising action: Rainsford meets General Zaroff (who is bored with hunting wild game and now hunts humans because they can reason), who invites him to hunt with him. Rainsford, horrified, refuses, and becomes the next prey for General Zaroff. He must survive for three days to be able to leave the island. Climax:Rainsford and Zaroff square off in Zaroffs bedroom Resolution: The game is played to the end and Rainsford kills Zaroff.

3 The Most Dangerous Game Theme:survival (what does it take to be a survivor?) Literary terms: rising actionstage in a story when the conflict develops and events build to the climax conflictstruggle between opposing forces How they apply: plot chart covers conflict and rising action What details from the story help the reader visualize Rainsfords confusion and fear while being hunted?

4 The Gift of the Magi by O. Henry Main characters: Della (wife to Jim, who treasures her beautiful long hair), Jim (husband to Della, his treasure is his gold watchan heirloom from his father and grandfather) Setting: New York City, late 19 th century, Christmas time Conflict: Della and Jim want to give each other perfect Christmas gifts, but lack the funds to purchase what they think would be the perfect gift for each other Rising action: Della decides to sell her beloved hair in order to have money to shop for Jims presentan expensive chain (fob) for his pocket watchhis most beloved treasure (he uses a leather strap and is embarrassed by it) Climax:Jim is shocked that Della cut her hair. He had sold his watch to have the funds to get what she wanted mostbeautiful combs for her hair Resolution: They are like the magi (allusion), they have sacrificed their most treasured possessions for the perfect gift out of love for each other

5 Theme:sacrifice (what are you willing to sacrifice for someone else?) Literary terms: ironycontrast between what is expected and what happens situational ironya character expects one thing to happen, but something else happens instead verbal ironywhen what is said is the opposite of what is meant dramatic ironywhen what a character knows contrasts with what the audience knows surprising plot twistunexpected events in a story due to situational irony How they apply: ironythe gifts given to each other cannot be used because intended purpose is no longer applicable irony Mr. James Dillingham Young sounds wealthier than he is situational ironyDella sacrificed her hair to get a worthy chain to Jims beloved watch, only to discover he had sold his watch to purchase her hair combs. The Gift of the Magi

6 from Four Good Legs Between Us by Laura Hillenbrand Main characters: Seabiscuit (race horse), Red Pollard (jockey), Charles Howard (Seabiscuits owner and promoter), and Smith (secretive trainer) Setting: Seabiscuits early career of racing under Charles Howard, mid to late 1930s Conflict: how can Howard make Seabiscuit famous? Rising action: Seabiscuit raced all over the country to maximize his exposure and keep him in the news, Americans were impoverished during the Great Depression of the late 1930s and loved rooting for an underdog Climax: Resolution: In one year, the entire country loved Seabiscuit and he was more popular in the news than the current WWII events. Howards strategy and Seabiscuits timing helped him to become enormously popular. Theme: winning (what makes a winner?)

7 Seabiscuit Timeline Main characters: Seabiscuit, Rosemont, War Admiral (all racehorses) This timeline describes the most important dates in Seabiscuits career. It begins with the Santa Anita Handicap (#1) in 1937 (which he lost by a nose to Rosemont), covers a number of his races (including when he defeated his rival, War Admiral, in 1938), his leg injury which resulted in not racing for the 1939 Santa Anita Handicap (#2), and concludes with his retirement, a month after his last spectacular race at the 1940 Santa Anita Handicap (#3; clocked the fastest mile and a quarter in the tracks history). Theme: winning (what makes a winner?)

8 Races on the Radio Radio Transcript Main characters: Clem McCarthy and Buddy Twist (radio race announcers), Seabiscuit (racehorse) Setting: 1937 Santa Anita Handicap (first time Seabiscuit races in it) Conflict: Who is going to win? Rising action: In the beginning, its anybodys race to the end. Then Seabiscuit pulls from behind and is beating the races leader, Rosemont. Climax: Rosemont pulls up to Seabiscuit and they race to the end, a photo finish. Fans are thrilled, screaming Seabiscuit! or Rosemont because they think their horse won, it was so close. Resolution: Rosemont won by a nose. Theme: winning (what makes a winner?)

9 Main characters: the narrator (young man who is mourning the loss of his beloved love), Lenore (the dead love of the narrator), the raven (mysterious bird who appears and says Nevermore in answer to the narrator Setting: in the winter at night Conflict:the narrator cannot get over living without his deceased love Rising action: a raven appears in the window and initially amuses the narrator because it can speakoften saying Nevermore Climax:the narrator imagines the bird is able to answer questions, such as Will I be reunited with Lenore in heaven? The answers are always Nevermore, which infuriates the narrator. Resolution: the narrator realizes he will never be happy again because hell never get over losing Lenore The Raven by Edgar Allan Poe

10 The Raven continued Theme: the unknown (why are we fascinated by death, spirits?) death / loss of a loved one Literary terms: narrative poema poem that contains the elements of plot, conflict, character, and setting to create a story speakerthe voice of the poem How they apply: narrative poem The Raven is the story of a young man who is having a hard time getting over losing the love of his life, who has died. This poem has a storyline, characters, conflict, and a setting. speakerthe narrator (young man)

11 Incident in a Rose Garden by Donald Justice Main characters: gardener (old man), Death, master (owner of garden and employer of gardener) Setting: in a rose garden Conflict: Death has arrived in a rose garden and frightens an old gardener Rising action: the gardener reports to his master about Death and quits his job, the master confronts Death, saying I welcome only friends here Climax: Death smiles and says, I knew your father…we were friends…[I wanted your gardener] to show me to his master… Resolution: Death has come for the master, the reader assumes the master dies

12 Incident in a Rose Garden continued Theme: the unknown (why are we fascinated by death, spirits?) death / loss of a loved one Literary terms: narrative poema poem that contains the elements of plot, conflict, character, and setting to create a story speakerthe voice of the poem How they apply: narrative poem Incident in a Rose Garden is a narrative poem because it tells the story of Death scaring an old man when looking for the master (for whom he has come). It has characters, a setting, plot, and conflict. speakerthe master (owner) of the garden

13 The Necklace by Guy de Maupassant Main characters:Mathilde Loisel, (She so much longed to please, be envied, be fascinating and sought after.), Monsieur Loisel (husband to Mathilde, minor clerk in the Ministry of Education), Madame Forestier (old school friend of Mathilde who loans her a necklace for the reception) Setting:Paris, France in late 19 th century Conflict:The Loisels have been invited to a reception, but Mathilde (who wishes she were in a higher class) feels she cannot go because she cannot look nice enough with what she has. Rising action: Mr. Loisel gives her 400 francs for a dress, then she borrows a diamond necklace from her friend. Climax:Mathilde has the time of her life at the ball (she is a success), but later realizes she has lost the borrowed necklace. They secretly purchase a replacement and work very hard for ten years to pay it off. Resolution: Mathilde discovers the necklace was paste, a mistake. If only she had been honest…

14 The Necklace continued Theme: status (how important is status?) Literary terms: motivationthe reason behind a characters behavior, what drives a complex character to think and act in a certain way How they apply: Mathilde wanted what she could not haveto be married into a higher social class. She wanted luxury, to be admired, to be the center of everyones attention (everyone in the higher socio- economic classes). After the decision to secretly replace the necklace and go into dangerous debt to save face, she undergoes an internal transformation and is now motivated to help her husband repay the debts.

15 from I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings by Maya Angelou Main characters:Marguerite Johnson (granddaughter to Momma), Momma (grandmother to Marguerite, owns a store, Mrs. Henderson), Mrs. Bertha Flowers (much admired teacher in town) Setting: Arkansas, 1930s Conflict:Marguerite, though very bright and an avid reader, does not speak. She is also often embarrassed by Mommas poor grammar and common greetings to Mrs. Flowers, a much-admired lady in the black community. Rising action: Mrs. Flowers takes an interest in Marguerite and invites her to her home. She begins the first of many life lessons for Margueritethat there is potential in people that must be sought after, and wisdom to be learned from country folk. Climax:Mrs. Flowers challenges Marguerite to read aloud from borrowed books, and to visit Mrs. Flowers each week and recite something to her.

16 from I Know Why The Caged Bird Sings continued Resolution: Marguerite revels in being liked for who she is, not who she is related to. She is especially happy to be liked by such a respected and admired person. Theme: teaching (What makes a good teacher/mentor?) Literary terms: autobiographya writers account of his or her own life characterizationthe way a writer creates and develops a characters personality How they apply:This is an autobiography about Maya Angelous life. Maya reveals Mrs. Flowers character through descriptions of her physical appearance, her speech, revealing Marguerites thoughts about her, and including her own comments, feelings, and ideas about Mrs. Flowers.

17 Caged Bird poem by Maya Angelou Main characters: caged bird, free bird Setting: free bird is in the sky outside, caged bird is trapped Conflict: caged bird wants to be free like the free bird Rising action: caged bird sings to be free Climax: free bird enjoys freedom and caged bird is restricted in space and wings and feet (movement) Resolution: caged bird finds a form of freedom in singing, because its spirit cannot be contained Theme: freedomhow can one become free? Literary terms: character traitsqualities of a character How they apply: the free bird leaps, floats, dares to claim the sky, the caged bird can seldom see through bars of rage, is fearful and longs for its tune to be heard Not on test !

18 from Rosa Parks by Douglas Brinkley Main characters:Rosa Parks (seamstress who was active with the NAACP), bus driver (James F. Blake, bully white bus driver on segregated bus) Setting:December 1, 1955; Montgomery, Alabama Conflict:Rosa, who was sitting in the middle of a racially divided bus, was ordered by the bus driver to give up her seat for a white man and move to the back of the bus. Rising action: Parks drew strength from her own familys past, thinking of her grandfather in Alabamas racially divided South. Climax:Are you going to stand up? demanded the bus driver. No. Well, Im going to have you arrested. You may to that. Resolution: Rosa, strong-willed and quietly firm, had established herself as a protestor, not a victim. Theme:dignity (what is dignity?)

19 from Rosa Parks continued Literary terms: characterizationthe way a writer creates an develops characters personalities (direct comments, physical appearance, own thoughts or actions or speech, others thoughts or actions or speech about that character genresa category in which a work of literature is classified (four main genres in literature: fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and drama) How they apply: Rosa is characterized as a strong-willed and quietly firm woman when she refuses to give up her seat for a white man. She sticks to her decision to not move, and she is dignified about itshe quietly replies, You may do that.

20 Rosa by Rita Dove Main characters: Rosa Parks, police officers Setting: the time right inside a place / so wrong it was ready (lines 2-3) Theme:dignity (what is dignity?) Literary terms: paradoxfigure of speech in which a seemingly contradictory statement reveals some insight or truth. characterizationsee from Rosa Parks How they apply: Doing nothing was the doing is an example of paradox. How can doing nothing be doing something? Rosa is characterized as a sensible person (Her sensible coat.) who is also strong and serious (the clean flame of her gaze, How she stood up / when they bent down.

21 To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee Main characters: Atticus Finchwidower with two young children, a compassionate lawyer who defends a black man Scout (Jean Louise)Atticuss unusually intelligent 6 year old daughter JemAtticuss son, 4 years older than Scout, takes serious the responsibility of protecting his sister Dill Harristhe Finch childrens playmate, who is 7; he spends summers in Maycomb Boo Radleythe Finches mysterious, reclusive neighbor Miss Maudie Atkinsonopen-minded neighbor and good friend of Atticus, Scout, and Jem Calpurnia (Cal)the Finches black cook, maid, and caregiver Tom Robinsonyoung black man accused of raping Mayella Ewell Mayella Ewellone of many children in the extremely poor Ewell family, alleges Tom raped and beat her Bob EwellMayellas father, wastes most welfare money on alcohol for himself, not his family Heck Tatethe sheriff of Maycomb County Aunt AlexandraAtticuss sister who often antagonizes Scout, comes to care for the children during the trial

22 To Kill A Mockingbird continued Setting:(story spans 3 years) fictional town of Maycomb, Alabama, 1930s Great Depression Conflict:Atticus Finch agrees to defend a black man wrongfully accused of raping a white woman. His children must watch their father battle the towns racial prejudice with dignity and intelligence. The children are also intrigued by their reclusive neighbor, and plot to see/meet him. Rising action: Though Atticus is able to proveToms innocence and the Ewells deceipt, Tom is still declared guilty of rape and sent to jail/prison. Bob Ewell, embarrassed by Atticus, swears revenge. Tom is later killed in an escape attempt. Climax:Ewell, having menaced Helen Robinson and attempted to break into Judge Taylors house, attempts to kill Jem and Scout one Halloween night after the trial. Resolution: Boo Radley defends the children and kills Ewell. Heck Tate rules it an accidental death (Ewell was drunk, stumbled, and fell on his knife). Jems arm is broken, but hell live. Scout walks Boo home, never to see him again. Theme:prejudice and injusticehow Maycomb townspeople are willing to support a proven lie of a white woman over the honest testimony of a black man courageAtticus, Mrs. Dubose educationJem (learning not all adults are kind, understanding, and have good morals) Scout (school education; realizes Boo gave them so much and they didnt repay him

23 To Kill A Mockingbird continued Literary terms: protagonistthe main character point of viewmethod of narration of a story irony flashbackan account of an event that happened before the beginning of a story symbola person, place, object, or activity that stands for something beyond itself How they apply: protagonistScout Finch point of view1 st person irony flashbackScout recalls what started it all and retells the story at the beginning symbolmockingbird (Tom Robinson, Boo Radley); it is a sin to kill one because mockingbirds harm no one and are purely song birds. The act of killing a mockingbird becomes a symbol for any intentionally mean or evil act. Gothic Literature: murderarchitectural ruinsinterest in the past ghostsunnatural parentsdark secrets imprisonmentinsanity

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