2Unit Objectives （单元目标） After learning this unit, you should——understand what and how to introduce scenic spots;——master the basic words and expressions about scenic spots introduction;——find ways to improve your writing skills about on-the-way introduction;——be familiar with some domestic scenic spots.
3Background Knowledge 背景知识 Tourist AttractionsTourist attractions refer to those objects and events, existing both in nature and human society, which are of interest to tourists and pull them to travel. The tourism industry can take advantage of tourist attractions to produce benefits for society and the environment. Tourist attractions include natural resources such as weather, landscapes and other natural sites as well as human resources like historical relics, culture and the customs. In China, tourist attractions often mean the same as tourism resources. The definition of tourism resources indicates that the natural and human factors which attract tourists may become tourism resources.
4Practice Materials 实训材料 ListeningDialogue 1a. Listen to Dialogue One and decide whether each of the following sentences is true (T) or false (F).1. T The tour guide is a native in Pingyao.2. F There are about 700 stores and shops in the bazaar, but most of them decline.3. F Jack doesn’t like forest.4. F Rishengchang Exchange Shop is a famous souvenir shop.5. F Pingyao is famous for the banking business.
5Dialogue 1 b. Listen to the dialogue and answer these questions. 1. Why does Jack travel with the tour guide instead of walking around by himself?Because he wants to know more about the Chinese culture and the guide can give him more information about this ancient city.2. What is available in those curiosity shops.?There is a dazzling array of art wares: antiques, furniture, ancient coins, Chinese paintings, jade ware, lacquer ware and traditional folk clothing, etc.3. What would have Jack bought if he had enough money, according to himself?If he had enough money, he would have bought one of the compounds, not the souvenirs only.4. What was earliest bank that appeared in China?Rishengchang Exchange Shop.5. Where is Rishengchang Exchange Shop located?Rishengchang is located at No. 105 in Nandajie Street.
6Dialogue 1c. Listen to the dialogue again and supply the missing words.1. But you’re a backpacker, why not walk around Pingyao city by yourself?2. It is one of the best places where you can explore the ancient Chinese culture.3. It seems to me they are all curiosity shops.4. The traditional buildings here are really attractive.5. Pingyao used to be the financial center of China.
8Dialogue 2a. Listen to Dialogue One and decide whether each of the following sentences is true (T) or false (F).1. T The complex of Rishengchang Exchange Shop is of great value.2. F The bank continues to thrive to this day.3. F Tongxinggong Armed Escort Company Museum is a Qing styled complex.4. T The armed escort firms played an important role in the development of Chinese commerce.5. T Jack is more interested in the Chinese architecture in Pingyao.
9Dialogue 2 b. Listen to the dialogue and answer these questions. 1. What happened to the bank one century ago?The bank became bankrupt a century ago.2. Why was Rishengchang Exchange Shop very important?Because it was the original bank in China.3. Why did the people establish the escort firm in Pingyao?The business was prosperous in Shanxi Province during the mid 19th century. The merchants employed the services of professionally organized armed escorts to safeguard their property.4. What is Pingyao popular for?Pingyao is popular for the ancient towns.5. Where is the Qiao’s Compound?It is some 20 kilometers north of Pingyao.
10Dialogue 2c. Listen to the dialogue again and supply the missing words.1. This bank looks like a Chinese classic garden.2. Unfortunately, the bank became bankrupt a century ago.3. The banker must be an upstart.4. Why did the people establish the escort firm here?5. It is not far away from here, some 20 kilometers north of Pingyao.
13Gulangyu Islanda. Answer the following questions according to the Passage.1. What is Gulangyu Island renowned for?It is renowned for its delicate natural beauty, ancient relics and varied architecture and enjoys a laudatory tile “Garden on the Sea”.2. What are the factors that contribute to the atmosphere of a fairyland on Gulangyu Island?The residents live in a relaxing, healthy and placid lifestyle; overlapping peaks foil the blue water, white clouds, green trees and bright flowers; the air is refreshing; free from noise and pollution, it is particularly quiet. All these render an atmosphere of a fairyland.3. Why is Gulangyu Island attractive for architecture students?Gulangyu Island is filled with different architectural styles, making it a veritable “Architecture Museum”, which is attractive for architecture students.
14Gulangyu Island b. Translate the expressions into Chinese or English. 1. permanent residents 永久居民永久的幸福 permanent happinessa permanent job 固定职业永久地址 permanent addresspermanent assets 固定资产常设委员会 a permanent committeefive permanent members 5个为常任理事国永久性军事基地 a permanent military base2. delicate natural beauty 精致的自然美景精密的仪器 delicate instrumentsa delicate violin passage 优雅的小提琴乐章精致的瓷器 delicate chinaa critic‘s delicate perception 一个评论家敏锐的洞察力精细的手术 a delicate operationdelicate questions 微妙的问题精致的花边 delicate lace
15Gulangyu Island 3. source of inspiration 灵感之源 互相支持，互相鼓励 mutual support and inspirationa fount of inspiration 灵感之源从大自然中获得灵感 draw inspiration from naturehave a sudden inspiration 灵机一动从......得到启示 get inspiration fromgive the inspiration to 启发; 鼓舞从实验中得到启示 get inspiration from the experiment4. the cradle of musicians 音乐家的摇篮文明的发源地 cradle of civilizationin the cradle 在幼年时代; 在最初的时侯自幼, 自在襁褓时 from the cradlestifle in the cradle 防患于未然从生到死 from the cradle to the gravethe cradle of the deep 海洋看着长大 watch over the cradle
16Gulangyu Islandc. Choose an appropriate word or phrase to fill in each blank to make each sentence meaningful, and change its form where necessary.1. My daughter likes to describe her fantastic dreams to me.2. I'm not a permanent employee; I'm working here on a fixed-term contract.3. The gift itself may be light as a goose feather, but sent from afar, it conveys deep feeling.4. It is dangerous to walk the back alley alone in the night.5. His fatness renders him unable to bend down.6. The river wanders through some beautiful country.7. The headmaster decided to make an example of the pupil and expel him from the school.8. The airplane ascended higher and higher.9. A sudden smile illuminated her face.10. Don't believe him; he is just boasting.
17Gulangyu Islandd. Translate the following sentences into English with words or phrases given in the brackets.1. 这座纪念碑是纪念为国牺牲的士兵而建立的。（in honor of）The monument was erected in honor of the soldiers who died for the country.2. 这房间的几种颜色彼此不协调。(in harmony with)The colors in the room aren't in harmony with each other.3. 我们从直升飞机上俯瞰到城镇全景。(a bird’s-eye view)From the helicopter we obtained a bird’s-eye view of the town.4. 她是一位很有造诣的歌唱家。(accomplished)She’s an accomplished singer.5. 从峰巅俯瞰,阿尔卑斯山壮丽的景色尽收眼底。(panorama)From the summit there is a superb panorama of the Alps.
18Writing On-the-way Introduction On-the-way introduction is an important part of guiding service. It may take hours for tourists to arrive at the destination. A tour guide should try to arouse the interest of the tourists who may feel boring because of the long journey en route. So on-the-way introduction is one of the best ways to keep tourists in high spirits and aspiring for the tourist site. The following two aspects should be observed while making on-the-way introduction:A general introduction of the destination so as to create a good image or the mental picture in the mind of tourists.Briefly introduce the location, distance and the expected arrival time of the destination.Describe the cities or scenic spots en route when tourists pass.Briefly explain the travel schedule for the present day or the next day upon arrival.
19On-the-way Introduction Writing PracticeMake an on-the-way introduction to a scenic spot which you are familiar with.Suggested answer:Impressive Li River Trip(the second section: from Ox Gorge to Water-Dropping Village)Ladies and gentlemen, in the first section of our impressive Li River trip we have enjoyed Elephant-Trunk Hill, Rooster Fighting Hill, Pagoda Hill, Forest of Odd Shaped Peaks, Daxu Ancient Town, and Ox Gorge.Now, let’s begin our the second section, which is from Ox Gorge to Water-Dropping Village. Many charming sceneries are awaiting youLook, what name will you give to that hill? Crown? Good! A crown-like crag earns the hill its name. What makes the hill a worthy stop for both river cruise tourists and those arrive from Guilin City by bus tour is its twelve kilometer long water-eroded cave. It is a wonderland of various stalactite, stone pillars and rock formations in the cave.Not very far from the Crown Cave on the western bank, a huge rock descends into the river and cuts off a footpath by the water edge. Villagers have to take a ferry to reach the other side and continue the way. So, this spot gets its name Half-Side Ferry (for usually ferry means to transport people by boat across a body of water and reach the opposite bank)
20On-the-way Introduction Down stream from Yangdi to Xingping, the river passes an endless procession of distinct peaks and bamboo groves and the stunning landscape. This part is the highlight of the cruise. Pinnacled peaks pop up and surprise visitors at each bend of the river. Water buffalos patrol on the fields; ducks paddle in the waters; peasants reap paddies in front of village houses; fishermen use the cormorants to catch the fish and return them to the boat and kids go home singing songs. All these create an idyllic and beautiful scene of the life removed from concrete cities.A reputed attraction is Mural Hill, a 100-meter-high cliff face, which has been weathered and has stratified rock surface in various shades of colors. It is rumored that the colors present nine horses and a person who can identify them out is considered smart. Are you smart enough? How many horses can you find? Now have a try!Fisherman and their cormorants are also attractions along the Li River. Cormorants are good sized birds who enjoy diving underwater in search of fish. When the birds catch a fish they return to the boat and the fisherman removes the fish from their throat and places it in the basket. The secret is that the fisherman places a cord around the bird's neck to keep the bird from swallowing the fish.Can you see buffalos gazing along the river bank or patrolling on the fields? They seem to be indispensable friends of peasants, especially for kids.
21On-the-way Introduction Boating downstream southward from the Mural Hill about 500 meters, peaks become steep and the river become wide and quiet. A huge yellow flagstone lying under the limpid waters can easily be seen. It is like a cloth piece and people called it Yellow Cloth Shoal. There are seven green peaks standing nearby. A legend goes that the seven peaks are fairy girls from the heaven who took baths in the river. Enthralled by the charming scene, they stayed here and become into the peaks. With verdant bamboos, the green peaks under the blue sky reflected on the quiet waters create a spectacular scene. Sometimes, people doubt they see boats floating on hill tops. Many Chinese paintings and poems present this charming scene and tourists run out of their films for it.The river takes a big turn at Xingping and endowed with beautiful and poetic scenery. It has been reproduced in many Chinese landscape paintings. Even the newly-issued 20 RMB note has the scenery on its back. A photographer once said: “Shots from any perspective for this place turn to be impressive and stunning”.A village on the river bank is worthy a visit. Chinese call it a village because of the fact that nowadays it is inhabited by villagers. Actually, it is an age-old castle complex survived from over 500 years ago. Although some courtyard buildings have weathered through ages, the simple but elegant flying-eaves, roofs with colorful paintings, lattice windows and unique timber structures present the folk residence from the Ming and Qing Dynasties. The villagers have the same surname of Zhao, so it is rumored that they are descendents of the imperial family in the Song Dynasty. Both Dr. Sun Yet-sun, the pioneer of China's democratic revolution and US president Colinton paid a visit to the village on their visits to Li River. The third section of our impressive Li River trip goes from Water-Dropping Village to Yangshuo where you can see Snail Hill, Green Lotus Peak (Bilian Peak), and Schoolboy Hill (Shutong Hill). The scenery is equally beautiful….