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MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 TM Edwin Ellis, Ph.D.

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1 MakesSenseStrategies.com P.O. Box 147 Northport, AL 35476 (205) 394-5514 VisualTools@MakesSenseStrategies.com TM Edwin Ellis, Ph.D. edwinellis1@gmail.com (205) 394-5512 Professor, Education, The University of Alabama TM differentiated visual tools ASKING & ANSWERING QUESTIIONS DRAWING INFERENCES

2 Standards are organized around CATEGORIES of developmentally sequenced critical thinking & literacy skills Forming & Expressing Conclusions & Opinions Recognizing, Analyzing & Explaining Point-of-View Making & Explaining Relationship Connections Making & Explaining Comparisons Summarizing & Explaining Key Ideas & Details, Messages & Themes LITERATURE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com INFORMATION TEXT WRITING Expository / descriptive Opinion (persuasion) Narrative (sequence) Analyzing Text Features & Structures VOCABULARY Asking & Answering Questions Drawing Inferences

3 Standards are organized around CATEGORIES of leveled critical thinking & literacy skills For example…. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. Reading LITERATURE standards Reading INFORMATION standards RI.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com Forming & Expressing Conclusions & Opinions Recognizing, Analyzing & Explaining Point-of-View Making & Explaining Relationship Connections Making & Explaining Comparisons Summarizing & Explaining Key Ideas & Details, Messages & Themes Analyzing Text Features & Structures Asking & Answering Questions Drawing Inferences

4 Forming & Expressing Conclusions & Opinions Recognizing, Analyzing & Explaining Point-of-View Making & Explaining Relationship Connections Making & Explaining Comparisons Summarizing & Explaining Key Ideas & Details, Messages & Themes Analyzing Text Features & Structures Asking & Answering Questions Drawing Inferences Standards are organized around CATEGORIES of leveled critical thinking & literacy skills © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.GraphicOrganizers.com For example…. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. Reading LITERATURE standards Reading INFORMATION standards RI.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.

5 WHO was the main PERSON in the story? WHAT happened to the PERSON? Draw a picture WHERE did it happen? TITLE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

6 WHO was the main PERSON in the story? WHAT happened to the PERSON? Draw a picture People vote for who they want to be mayor. The mayor promises to work hard. They work in city hall, and make laws and rules. The Mayor WHERE did it happen? In every city and town in the United States Meet the Mayor by Arnim Franke TITLE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

7 Answer to your question PERSON PICTURE Make up a HOW, WHY or WHEN question about the PERSON What you LIKED OR did NOT LIKE about the PERSON © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

8 Was Johnny Appleseed his real name? No, his real name was John Chapman. Answer to your question PERSON PICTURE Johnny Appleseed Make up a HOW, WHY or WHEN question about the PERSON What you LIKED OR did NOT LIKE about the PERSON I like him because he cared about animals and the earth. © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

9 So what is the difference between these two visual tools? HINT: Heres the standard…. Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

10 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers. This visual tool is specifically designed to address THIS specific standard © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

11 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

12 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

13 STORY WHAT WHEN WHO WHERE WHY HOW Chair for Mother Rosa counts the tips every day when her mother comes home from work All of the spare change that Rosa, her mother, and grandmother have go into a jar that Rosa's mother brought home from work They have no furniture and her mom needs a comfortable chair to rest in when she comes home from work. Rosa collects her mother's tips to save money to buy a chair Rosa Grandmother Mother Uncle Sandy Aunt Ida Neighbors Cat A big fire burned their house. They lost all their furniture and belongings.

14 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

15 ? ? WHAT happened in the story? WHERE did the story take place? WHEN did the story happen? WHO was in the story? Red Grandma Wolf Woodsman STORY Little Red Riding Hood Red's House Woods Grandma's House Summer - Red was picking flowers Red met a wolf on way to her Grandma's house. He ran ahead, ate Grandma, and put on her clothes. He tried to trick Red to come closer. The woodsman killed him.

16 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

17 Is about… In Boston- a harbor, sea gulls, fishing boats, cobble stone streets, lots of buildings and people, birds, horses In Nebraska-houses made of sod, wagons, horses, rivers, wide prairies with tall grass, open sky SEE What would you see around you if you were in the story? Seagulls crying, fish merchants selling, horses hooves clapping on cobblestones, church hymns, people talking Silence, wind through grass, crickets and grasshoppers, roosters, hens, a dog barking HEAR What sounds would you hear if you were in the story? Fish, horses, sea air Dirt, grass, animals SMELL What might be some things you would smell if you were in the story? I would feel free by the seashore. I think I would feel lonely living in a prairie away from people. FEEL How would you feel if you lived where the story takes place? Elsies Bird by Jane Yolen and David Small Story about a little girl and a sea gull STORY

18 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

19 Where do the characters live? What are their homes like? What is the weather like in the story? What do the characters do together? What are the groups like? How would you FEEL if you lived where the story takes place? Stacy has her own bedroom. It is nice with a pretty bedspread. She has a toy chest with lots of toys and books. It was nice because they were able to play outside at recess. They go to school, play on the playground, and paint together. They bring things from home to have a store together. I would be happy. The kids there have nice families that love them and friends. HOME WEATHER COMMUNITY FEEL

20 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

21 RL.K.1 With prompting and support, ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.1.1 Ask and answer questions about key details in a text. RL.2.1 Ask and answer such questions as who, what, where, when, why, and how to demonstrate understanding of key details in a text. RL.3.1 Ask and answer questions to demonstrate understanding of a text, referring explicitly to the text as the basis for the answers.. Responding to Guided Questions Plot Q&A COLOR B/W. Author Breaks the Bank Caterpillar Qs COLOR B/W. Little Red Riding Hood Ice Cream Qs COLOR B/W. Chair for Mother Cloud Qs COLOR B/W. I Don't Want to Go To Bed! Character Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Goose is Loose Character Q&A COLOR B/W. Authors Christmas Cookies WHO/WHAT/WHEN Character Qs COLOR B/W. The Mixed Up Chameleon WHERE/WHAT/WHEN Setting Qs COLOR B/W. When Lightening Comes in a Jar Setting Q&A + Opinion COLOR B/W. The Big Honey Hunt Setting Q&A COLOR B/W. Troll Country Setting Surroundings COLOR B/W. Fancy Feet 5 Senses Setting COLOR B/W. Elsies Bird Literature Asking & Answering Questions main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com Asking & Answering Questions CHARACTERPLOTSETTING

22 Write a WHAT question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here Q&AQ&A What…? Write a HOW question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here Q&AQ&A How…? Write a WHY question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here Q&AQ&A Why…? TITLE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

23 The Model T car Write a WHAT question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here What was Henry Ford best known for? Q&AQ&A What…? When he was little, he liked to take things apart and then fix them. He was an apprentice machinist. Write a HOW question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here How did Henry Ford learn so much about cars? Q&AQ&A How…? Write a WHY question about a PERSON Search for the answer & note it here Why was Ford more successful than others? Ford first used the assembly line to make cars and he paid his workers twice as much as others ($5 a day). Q&AQ&A Why…? Henry Ford Pioneer of Modern Industry by Greg Roza TITLE © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

24 BIG IDEA Differentiated Visual Tools are scaffolded So which of these Visual Tools should be taught first? IMPLICATIONS? Instruction can be DIFFERENTIATED based on the sophistication of the learner & the complexity of the Visual Tool Its not a one-size fits all kind of thing! © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

25 BIG IDEA Differentiated Visual Tools are scaffolded So which of these Visual Tools should be taught first? IMPLICATIONS? Instruction can be DIFFERENTIATED based on the sophistication of the learner & the complexity of the Visual Tool Its not a one-size fits all kind of thing! © 2013 Edwin S. Ellis All Rights Reserved edwinellis1@gmail.com www.MakesSenseStrategies.com

26 NOTE: The Common Core Literacy Standards (Literature) do not specifically address forming and checking predictions; however, this type of thinking skill is an important developmental skill leading to the ability to draw inferences; CC Standards associated with drawing inferences first appear in grade 4. The Visual Tools below are designed for use in grades K-3 so these skills can be developed in a scaffolded fashion. Literature Making Predictions & Drawing Inferences main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. PLOT/ MESSAGECHARACTERSETTING Plot Prediction COLOR B/W. x Character Prediction COLOR B/W. Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie Setting Prediction COLOR B/W. Chicken Little Plot Predict Check COLOR B/W. We Had a Picnic This Sunday Character Predict Check COLOR B/W. How to Catch an Elephant Setting Predict Check COLOR B/W. Teach Us, Amelia Bedelia Plot Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Authors Science Fair Trouble Setting Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Zelda and Ivy the Runaways Event Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Corduroy Setting Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Terrific Event Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. On a Road in Africa Character Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Paul Bunyan Setting Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Nate the Great Saves the King

27 Draw a picture of what happened Predict what you think will happen next Draw a picture of what you predict will happen next Dolphins at Daybreak Title Describe something that has recently happened in the story Jack and Annie were in a magic tree house. They found a machine. Annie pushed the on button and it started running. They went underwater in the mini-sub. A big fish will swallow them. They try to escape.

28 NOTE: The Common Core Literacy Standards (Literature) do not specifically address forming and checking predictions; however, this type of thinking skill is an important developmental skill leading to the ability to draw inferences; CC Standards associated with drawing inferences first appear in grade 4. The Visual Tools below are designed for use in grades K-3 so these skills can be developed in a scaffolded fashion. Literature Making Predictions & Drawing Inferences main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. PLOT/ MESSAGECHARACTERSETTING Plot Prediction COLOR B/W. x Character Prediction COLOR B/W. Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie Setting Prediction COLOR B/W. Chicken Little Plot Predict Check COLOR B/W. We Had a Picnic This Sunday Character Predict Check COLOR B/W. How to Catch an Elephant Setting Predict Check COLOR B/W. Teach Us, Amelia Bedelia Plot Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Authors Science Fair Trouble Setting Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Zelda and Ivy the Runaways Event Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Corduroy Setting Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Terrific Event Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. On a Road in Africa Character Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Paul Bunyan Setting Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Nate the Great Saves the King

29 Katy and the Big Snow by Virginia Lee Burton Title I think Katy will go out and save many people in the snowstorm. People were freezing in the snow and Katy will save them. Draw a picture of what happened My prediction was mostly correct, but the story was slightly different in these ways … CHECK: Read some more to see if your prediction was correct. PREDICT: Predict what you think will happen next My prediction was very different from what actually happened. What actually happened was … X Describe something that has recently happened in the story It started to snow in the city of Geoppolis. It turned into a huge huge snowstorm and they sent Katy out. Katy plowed out the city so emergency cars could get through and so people could get to the hospitals.

30 NOTE: The Common Core Literacy Standards (Literature) do not specifically address forming and checking predictions; however, this type of thinking skill is an important developmental skill leading to the ability to draw inferences; CC Standards associated with drawing inferences first appear in grade 4. The Visual Tools below are designed for use in grades K-3 so these skills can be developed in a scaffolded fashion. Literature Making Predictions & Drawing Inferences main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. PLOT/ MESSAGECHARACTERSETTING Plot Prediction COLOR B/W. x Character Prediction COLOR B/W. Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie Setting Prediction COLOR B/W. Chicken Little Plot Predict Check COLOR B/W. We Had a Picnic This Sunday Character Predict Check COLOR B/W. How to Catch an Elephant Setting Predict Check COLOR B/W. Teach Us, Amelia Bedelia Plot Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Authors Science Fair Trouble Setting Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Zelda and Ivy the Runaways Event Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Corduroy Setting Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Terrific Event Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. On a Road in Africa Character Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Paul Bunyan Setting Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Nate the Great Saves the King

31 Things IN THE PICTURE you can tell about the character Things that MIGHT BE TRUE but you cant tell for sure about the character Has a blue ribbon Wears glasses Wears a yellow sweater Looks surprised Doesnt look happy He might have won a blue ribbon at school Maybe he didnt really win the ribbon – its someone elses Maybe he had help when he wasnt supposed to BOOK Arthurs Science Fair Trouble by Marc Brown CHARACTER Arthur

32 NOTE: The Common Core Literacy Standards (Literature) do not specifically address forming and checking predictions; however, this type of thinking skill is an important developmental skill leading to the ability to draw inferences; CC Standards associated with drawing inferences first appear in grade 4. The Visual Tools below are designed for use in grades K-3 so these skills can be developed in a scaffolded fashion. Literature Making Predictions & Drawing Inferences main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. PLOT/ MESSAGECHARACTERSETTING Plot Prediction COLOR B/W. x Character Prediction COLOR B/W. Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie Setting Prediction COLOR B/W. Chicken Little Plot Predict Check COLOR B/W. We Had a Picnic This Sunday Character Predict Check COLOR B/W. How to Catch an Elephant Setting Predict Check COLOR B/W. Teach Us, Amelia Bedelia Plot Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Authors Science Fair Trouble Setting Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Zelda and Ivy the Runaways Event Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Corduroy Setting Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Terrific Event Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. On a Road in Africa Character Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Paul Bunyan Setting Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Nate the Great Saves the King

33 Draw a picture of what happened Bored-Nothing To Do! By Peter Spier Title The author never tells the whole story. You have to use your own background knowledge or experience to make guesses or draw conclusions about parts of the story not explained by the author. These are called INFERENCES. They may have had some help from a pilot to know how to fly a plane or read about it in their book. We dont really know how they knew how to fly. Describe some things about what happened that MIGHT BE TRUE, but the author didnt tell 2 3 1 Two boys were very bored so they decided to build an airplane. They took parts from things in their house so nothing worked in their house. Describe something that happened in the story

34 NOTE: The Common Core Literacy Standards (Literature) do not specifically address forming and checking predictions; however, this type of thinking skill is an important developmental skill leading to the ability to draw inferences; CC Standards associated with drawing inferences first appear in grade 4. The Visual Tools below are designed for use in grades K-3 so these skills can be developed in a scaffolded fashion. Literature Making Predictions & Drawing Inferences main menu differentiated visual tools TM © MakesSenseStrategies.com. PLOT/ MESSAGECHARACTERSETTING Plot Prediction COLOR B/W. x Character Prediction COLOR B/W. Old Lady Who Swallowed a Pie Setting Prediction COLOR B/W. Chicken Little Plot Predict Check COLOR B/W. We Had a Picnic This Sunday Character Predict Check COLOR B/W. How to Catch an Elephant Setting Predict Check COLOR B/W. Teach Us, Amelia Bedelia Plot Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Authors Science Fair Trouble Setting Inferences from Pictures COLOR B/W. Zelda and Ivy the Runaways Event Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Sadako Character Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Corduroy Setting Inferences from Text COLOR B/W. Terrific Event Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. On a Road in Africa Character Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Paul Bunyan Setting Inferences from Pictures & Text COLOR B/W. Nate the Great Saves the King

35 He could have said the boys were loud and noisy. The author never tells the whole story. Based on what you know about similar events, note some other words the author could have used to describe what happened. Words the AUTHOR used to describe what happened… Note other words that describe what happened based on the book's PICTURES. Everyone was bouncy. The Dad sent everyone to the attic. The boys played lots of games, ate popcorn, and watched monster movies. They threw popcorn for the dogs to catch. They made silly shadows on the wall. There were 6 boys and 6 dogs. Mudge had his own sleeping bag because he is so big. BOOK Henry and Mudge and the Big Sleepover by Cynthia Rylant EVENT in story A Sleepover

36 Who is telling the story?Author / NarratorSomeone in the story Characters name: X INFERENCE (additional information about event that might be trueIMPORTANT EVENT (summary of facts provided by the author about event) INFERENCE (additional information about event that might be trueIMPORTANT EVENT (summary of facts provided by the author about event) Heros mother might have realized that Hero needed a friend, and maybe talked to Mrs. Roth about Hero ahead of time. INFERENCE (additional information about event that might be trueIMPORTANT EVENT (summary of facts provided by the author about event) INFERENCE (additional information about event that might be trueIMPORTANT EVENT (summary of facts provided by the author about event) Mrs. Roth told Hero about a diamond hidden in Heros house. She said that it was 17 carats, and the police and everyone looked for it. It was worth almost a million dollars and someone broke into the house and stole it. Mrs. Roth thought Arthur stole it and hid it in the house. Arthur or Eleanor may have told Mrs. Roth the truth whether the diamond was really stolen or not. Arthur and Eleanor owned the diamond and received a million dollars in insurance money for its loss. Eleanor was Mrs. Roths best friend. Hero became friends with Danny Cordova whose father was the policeman on the case. They started looking for the diamond. They found out that Mrs. Roth was Arthur Murphys ex-wife and that she was a suspect. Arthur could have given the diamond to his ex-wife after his 1 st wife died. The diamond was returned to Mrs. Roth by mail. Danny, Mrs. Roth, and Hero uncovered a story about the necklace with the diamond involving Ann Boleyn, Elizabeth 1 st and Shakespeare. They may have to return the diamond. Shakespeares Secret by Elise Broach STORY Heros mother asked her to return her pruning shears to Mrs. Roth, the older lady next door. Hero did not want to go over there, but she met Mrs. Roth and they became friends.

37 The author never tells the whole story about history. You have to use your own background knowledge or experience to make guesses or draw conclusions about parts of history not explained by the author. These are called INFERENCES. Based on your own knowledge of similar people, what might be some additional reasons why? Words the author used to describe WHY the person took these actions… Based on your own knowledge of similar people, what are some other words that might also be used to describe the person? (OK to guess) Words the author used to describe the person… DESCRIPTION Based on your own knowledge of what similar people have done in the past, what might be some additional actions the person took? (OK to guess) Words the author used to describe the persons actions… ACTIONS MOTIVATION Is about someone who… PERSON When?Context: What was happening in history at the time this person became notable?

38 IDEA or ISSUE SOURC E TEXT EVIDENCE Words the author used to describe the IDEA or ISSUE IDEA INFERENCES What might also be true about the IDEA or ISSUE, but the author didnt tell EXPLANATION Why I think my inferences might be true EXPLANATION OF THE IDEA SUMMARY OF IMPORTANT EVENT TEXT EVIDENCE Words the author used to describe connections between the IDEA or ISSUE and the EVENT INFERENCES What might also be true about the connections, but the author didnt tell EXPLANATION Why I think my inferences might be true CONCLUSION: I think the author didnt reveal everything about the IDEA or EVENT because…


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