Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Emergency Management in Tonga. National Emergency Management Plan Prepared under the provisions of the Emergency Management Act 2007 Structure of the.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Emergency Management in Tonga. National Emergency Management Plan Prepared under the provisions of the Emergency Management Act 2007 Structure of the."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emergency Management in Tonga

2 National Emergency Management Plan Prepared under the provisions of the Emergency Management Act 2007 Structure of the plan: – The Committees: 3 Thematic Committees at National Level 5 District Committees (Eua, Haapai, Vavau, Niuatoputapu, Niuafoou) Village Committees (all villages throughout Tonga) – Roles and Responsibilities of the Committees – Plans: National Emergency Management Plan District Emergency Management Plan – A: Disaster Risk Reduction National Risk Reduction Strategy and Programme – B: Emergency Management Disaster Management Roles and Timeline

3 Storm surge – $1.4 million Sleeping giant- last eruption was 1946 Tornadoes-The latest event was happened in September 2004 Most recent event(15 Mar 09) – Hunga Tonga about 60 km to the NNW of Nukualofa (Tongatapu) erupted. NTT Tsunami 30 th Sept 2009. Three waves were reported with the last one reaching six meters Average of 1cyclone/yr Cyclone Waka 2001($104m) 4 May, 2006 (7.8 magnitude) Coastal flooding 9th Jan2009

4 Names and Relationships Roles and Responsibilities NATIONAL COMMITTEES

5 Structure National Disaster Council (NDC) (CABINET) National Emergency Operations Committee (NEOC) Members: PMO, MOI, Foreign Affairs, Police, Military (TDS) National Emergency Recovery Committee (NERC) Members: PMO, MOI, Finance and Planning, Foreign Affairs, Military (TDS), NGO representative Chair: Hon. Minister of Infrastructure Policy and Preparedness Delivery of Emergency Response Coordination of Relief and Recovery District Emergency Management Committee Chair: Governor/ Govt Rep Village Emergency Management Committee Chair: Town Officer National Emergency Management Committee (NEMC) Members: PMO, MOI, Finance and Planning, Agriculture, Health, Police, Military (TDS), Lands, Education Secretary: NEMO NEMO Secretary: NEMO

6 Composition All Ministers Prime Minister (chair) NEOC communicates directly with NDC, to fast track clearance and operation National Disaster Council (CABINET) National Disaster Council (NDC) Responsibilities The Council decides the scale of assistance required in a major emergency Decisions are based on advice from the Minister of Infrastructure, the National Emergency Management Committee Endorse the work of the Committee – preparedness activities, any legislation All reports are submitted to Cabinet

7 National Emergency Management Committee (NEMC) Responsibilities Makes policy decisions of national significance Ensures arrangements with other nations and relevant bodies are in place Supports District Emergency Management Committees; Ensure effective emergency management and response in communities during all phases Composition Hon. Minister of Infrastructure Chief Secretary & Secr. to Cabinet CEO for Infrastructure CEO for Finance and Planning CEO for Agriculture, Forestry, Fisheries and Food CEO for Health Commissioner for Police Commander of Tonga Def. Services CEO for Lands, Environment,Climate Change & Natural Resources CEO for Education & Training Secretary: NEMO manager National Emergency Management Committee Members: PMO, Min. of Infrastructure, Finance and Planning, Agriculture, Health, Police, Military (TDS), Lands, Education Secretary: NEMO

8 National Emergency Operations Committee (NEOC) Responsibilities Activate ministries and organisations in response to an event Liaise with ministries, non government organisations and community groups in the execution of their emergency management roles National Emergency Operations Committee Members: PMO, Min. of Infrastructure, Foreign Affairs, Police, Military (TDS) NEMO Composition Minister for Infrastructure (Chair) CEO for Infrastructure Commissioner for Police Commander, Tonga Defence Services Secretary for Foreign Affairs the NECC Manager Others can be invited such as Tonga Red Cross, INGOs Carry out initial assessment; Collate and prioritise immediate disaster relief requirements Manage distribution of immediate relief supplies

9 Responsibilities Coordinates: – Provision of Emergency Relief – All recovery and rehabilitation works Detailed assessment (in partnership with DEMC) A decision-making body on operational decisions in the recovery phase National Emergency Recovery Committee (NERC) Composition Hon. Minister for Infrastructure (Chair) Chief Secretary and Secr. to Cabinet CEO for Finance CEO for Infrastructure Secretary for Foreign Affairs Commander of Tonga Def. Services Representative of non-government organisations Secretary: NEMO manager National Emergency Recovery Committee Members: PMO, Min. of Infrastructure, Finance and Planning, Foreign Affairs, Military (TDS), NGO representative Secretary: NEMO

10 Responsibilities Maintains the National Emergency Management System operations Develops and maintains the National Emergency Management Plan Focuses on a comprehensive approach to emergency management Runs and trains staff of the National Emergency Co-ordination Centre National Emergency Management Office (NEMO) NEMO Provides a 24/7 duty officer for alerts Co-ordinates support to response agencies Co-ordination of reconnaissance and post-impact assessment Organises public information before, during and after emergencies Designs and maintains a locally-based public education/awareness Provides secretariat support to the National Emergency Management Committee

11 Responsibilities Provide support to communities to ensure effective emergency management before, during and after the impact of an event Ensure community awareness of emergency management Identify and coordinate the use of resources for emergency operations Manage emergency operations Establish and review emergency communications systems Ensure information about an event or an emergency is promptly provided to the NEMC. District Emergency Management Committee Chair: Governor Composition Governor or Government Representative (Chair) Any other members appointed by the chairman with the approval of the Minister District Emergency Management Committee (DEMC)

12 Responsibilities Identify and coordinate the use of resources for emergency operations Manage emergency operations in the village Establish and review emergency communication systems in the village Ensure information about an event or an emergency in the village is promptly provided to the District Emergency Management Committee Village Emergency Management Committee (VEMC) Village Emergency Management Committee Chair: Town Officer Composition Town officer (Chair) Community Representatives Representatives appointed by the town officer with the approval of the Minister

13 Responsibilities determine the priority of the response roles of any Government or non-government agency, in consultation with members of the National Emergency Operations Committee direct and coordinate the activities of any Government or nongovernment agency allocate all available resources of the government which the Minister, in consultation with the National Emergency Operations Committee, considers necessary, for responding to events that may, happen, is happening or about to happen Usually the controller will be in the NECC, however if the affected site is very isolated they may be located in the field National Controller

14 Activation of Disaster Management System Event Local Agencies Need Help ? Managed with Agency Procedures Request Assistance from DEMC Need Help ? Request Assistance from NEMC Managed with District Resources No Yes No Yes Need Help ? ?

15 Operational Lead Agencies For certain types of emergency, a lead coordination agency is identified: Animal or Plant disease Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Fire Tonga Fire Service Cyclone, Storm, EQ, Volcano, Tsunami NEMO (on behalf of NEMC) Human Epidemic Ministry of Health Major Infra- structure Failure Power: Tonga Electrical Power Board Communi- cations: Comm Dept, PMO, TCC Major Trans- portation Event Tonga Police Force Terrorist Activity Tonga Police Force Tonga Defense Services Water Conta- mination Ministry of Health Oil Spill Marine and Port Authority Ministry of Infrastructure Plane Crash Tonga Police Force Tonga Fire Service

16 Part C of the NEMP requires Individual Business Continuity and Emergency Response Plan Responsibility of individual agencies to develop and maintain their Business Continuity and Emergency Response Plan Ensure they remain functional during emergencies or recover as soon as possible to provide core services Foreign AffairsLink with diplomatic corp, foreign governments Tonga PowerRestoration of power Tonga Defence ServicesRelief distribution, SAR LandsGeotechnical info, GIS mapping Tonga Met. ServiceWeather forecasting, met. and environmental services Roles and responsibilities of relevant agencies in accordance with core business (examples)

17 Tonga Communications Corporation (TCC) Maintenance of a national telecommunication capacity, including land-line, mobile telephone, satellite telephone and internet services Tonga Broadcasting Corporation Provision of emergency related public information as advised by NEMO Broadcast of Special Weather Bulletins and other information in conjunction with the Tonga Meteorological Service. Tonga Water Board Provide and maintain reticulated water supply as installed Provide advice and assistance in relation to water provision in emergency affected areas Tonga Communications Corporation (TCC) Maintenance of a national telecommunication capacity, including land-line, mobile telephone, satellite telephone and internet services Advice Government on capacity status during emergencies Tonga Broadcasting Corporation Provision of emergency related public information as advised by NEMO Broadcast of Special Weather Bulletins and other information in conjunction with the Tonga Meteorological Service. Tonga Red Cross Provision of relief supplies, emergency shelter, and first aid service for disaster affected people as appropriate, in co-ordination with Emergency Management Tonga

18 Operational Support Functional Plan Emergency Support Function Primary Agency Support Agency Communications Department of Communications, Prime Ministers Office Tonga Communication Corporation Digicel Community Awareness and Training National Emergency Management Office US Peace Corps Civil Society Ministry of Education Tonga Red Cross Caritas Tonga Evacuation Tonga Police Force Tonga Defence Service Evacuation Centre Management Ministry of Health (Public Health) Tonga Red Cross Impact Assessment Ministry of Infrastructure NEMO Ministry of Health Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Food Ministry of Land, Survey and Natural Resources Ministry of Environment

19 Medical Ministry of Health Public Health Ministry of Health Public Information Information Unit, Prime Ministers Office National Emergency Management Office Electronic Media Outlets Print Media Public Works Ministry of Infrastructure Transportation Air, Sea, Land: Ministry of Infrastructure Shipping Companies Private Transport Companies Utilities Water: Tonga Water Board Power: Tonga Electric Power Board Tonga Power Water Board Warning Emergency Management Tonga Tonga Meteorological Service Ministry of Lands, Survey and Natural Resources Electronic Media Print Media Welfare National Emergency Relief Committee ChurchesTNCCNGOs

20 Information sharing and support Response Agencies District Emergency Management Committee National Disaster Management Committee SUPPORT INFORMATION

21 National Emergency Response Procedures General Alert procedures NEMO: Receive information Confirm information Alert District EMC Check Emergency Communications Notify Minister of Infrastructure, NEMC, NEO Committee, Diplomatic Corps, and Organisations with DM role Activate Public Information Plan Ensure NEC Centre (NECC) is on standby NEO Committee: Ensure Business Continuity and Emergency Response Plans are ready for each agency Ensure District Emergency Committees are alerted and Plans are ready

22 National Emergency Response Procedures Cyclone Alert procedures Liaise with TMS Maintain contact with DEMCs Brief NEOC (with TMS) about situation and evacuation req. NECC on 24/7 with max staff Maintain Public Information via Radio Agencies on Standby Assess likelihood of evacuation order Close schools and Govt Offices Activate Business Continuity Plans Monitor event Monitor Situation Ensure public is informed 24 hrs before 12 hrs beforeImpact NEMO NEO Committee

23 National Emergency Response Procedures Post Impact Liaise with TMS Collect initial sit reps and assessments from districts Brief NEOC and NEMC on overall assessment Initial National Sit Report Distribute report to NEMC, OCHA,SOPAC,Media,Dipl. Consolidate Agency Sit Report Daily National Sit Report sent to same recipients Brief NEMC Maintain 24/7 NECC Return NECC to standby Check communications Conduct Ops debrief Final National Sit Report Finalize all other reporting Contact District Reps. Collect Agency Sit Reports Identify initial relief req. Send National Damage Assessment Teams Input to Initial Natl Sit Rep Activate emergency relief Recommend State of Em. Press release Activate National Emergency Recovery Committee Coordinate relief activities Liaise with Foreign Aff. Provide customs/imm/quar. Support for incoming aid Final NEOC Ops debrief 24 hrs after 48 hrs afterStand down 72 hrs after NEMO NEO Committee

24 Disaster Cycle Concept BeforeDuringAfter PreventionResponseRehabilitation MitigationReconstruction Preparedness

25 REQUEST FOR ASSISTANCE Tonga Defence Services Police. NEMO NGOs National Emergency Operation Committee National Emergency Management Office Alert/Activation NEOC National Disaster Council Pre Impact Phase State of Emergency National Emergency Operation Committee Foreign Ministry Diplomatic Mission Donor Nations Immediate Post Impact Post Disaster National Recovery Committee Emergency Phase

26


Download ppt "Emergency Management in Tonga. National Emergency Management Plan Prepared under the provisions of the Emergency Management Act 2007 Structure of the."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google