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Pete Arvedson California Science Conference October 26, 2013 Hosted by Satellite Educators Association Lesson Development supported by a grant from NOAA-CREST.

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Presentation on theme: "Pete Arvedson California Science Conference October 26, 2013 Hosted by Satellite Educators Association Lesson Development supported by a grant from NOAA-CREST."— Presentation transcript:

1 Pete Arvedson California Science Conference October 26, 2013 Hosted by Satellite Educators Association Lesson Development supported by a grant from NOAA-CREST West

2 View these video clips: 0508.katrina.mov _sandy_life.mov California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 2

3 California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 3

4 California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 4

5 Observe severe storm action from space ID weather patterns Differentiate wind speed from storm speed Analyze satellite images of storms – ImageJ Analyze storm characteristics – GIS Apply skills to analysis of other storms California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 5

6 Not like frontal storms Cyclonic Require… Warm ocean water… At least 26.5˚C (79.7˚F) To depth at least 50m (164ft) Slowly rising air California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 6

7 TYPHOON CYCLONE HURRICANE HURRICANE California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 7

8 Taino people Puerto Rico Thunder and deluge caused by matriarchs male attendants Columbus lost ships to huracán Notice Taino symbol for storm California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 8

9 Slowly rising Warm Moistened Air Circles Drawing more energy from warmer-than- usual water California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 9

10 Horizontal bands of rain form arms of spiral California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 10

11 Cooler air drawn down thru center Relatively calm clean air Eyewall – most destructive Wind direction same as storms forward motion California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 11

12 Category Sustained Wind Speed Damage (km/hr)(mph)(kt) Some Extensive Devastating Catastrophic 5>249>155>135Catastrophic California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 12

13 Chris Dolce – The Weather Channel… Chris Dolce – The Weather Channel… 1900-early August billion dollar storms 8 of the top ten occurred since surpassed $10 billion mark.. 6 of those 7 occurred since rank in $10-$20 billion range… Ivan & Charley (2004) & Rita (2005) 3 rank in $20-$30 billion club Andrew (1992), Wilma (2005), Ike (2008) 1 at $108 billion damage – Katrina (2005) Hurricane Sandy – 2 nd place at $65 billion in damage California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 13

14 Data Miners NHC Advisory Archive data to csv Cartographers Display/manipulate csv data in GIS Meteorologists Research Hurricane Sandy characteristics and behavior online Analysts Measure Hurricanes Sandy & Katrina with ImageJ

15 National Hurricane Center Past Advisory Archive HURRICANE KATRINA - AUGUST 2005 Adv NumDateUTC Wind (mph)Scale Press (mb) Center Lat (N) Center Lon (W)Direction Speed (mph) 1928-Aug Cat WNW Aug Cat WNW Aug Cat WNW Aug Cat WNW Aug Cat WNW Aug Cat NW Aug Cat NNW Aug Cat N Aug Cat N Aug210075Cat N Aug030060TS NNE22 California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 15

16 ESRIs ArcGIS Explorer Online

17 Hurricane Sandy research using NASA hurricane archives nes/archives/2012/h2012_Sandy.html nes/archives/2012/h2012_Sandy.html

18 Measure cloud fields of Hurricanes Katrina & Sandy using ImageJ… Diameter Perimeter Area

19 Cloud Field Measurement Results with ImageJ Hurricane:KatrinaSandy Diameter: (miles) Perimeter: (miles) Area: (sq. miles)153,470482,922 California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 19

20 Expert reports Compare… Hurricane Sandy Hurricane Katrina Using ArcGIS Explorer Online 3d5107d440889a672c13bdd2fad&extent= , , , California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 20

21 Use suggestions from printed lesson plan Note learners questions during the lesson and encourage learners to devise a plan for and follow through an investigation of one or more of those questions. California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 21

22 Grade 6: 4.Many phenomena on Earths surface are affected by the transfer of energy through radiation and convection currents. (d, e) 7.Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. (a, d, h) Grade 7: 7.Scientific progress is made by asking careful questions and conducting meaningful investigations. (a-e) Grade 8: 1.The velocity of an object is the rate of change of its position. (a- c) 9.Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. (a, f) California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 22

23 Grades 9-12: Physics 3.Energy cannot be created or destroyed, although in many processes energy is transformed to the environment as heat. (c) Grades 9-12: Chemistry 7.Energy is exchanged or transformed in all chemical reactions and physical changes of matter. (a, c) Grades 9-12: Earth Sciences 1.Heating of Earths surface and atmosphere by the sun drives convection within the atmosphere and oceans, producing winds and ocean currents. (a, b, d) Grades 9-12: Investigation and Experimentation 1.Scientific progress is made by asking meaningful questions and conducting careful investigations. (a, d, i) California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 23

24 Pete Arvedson - Check out lesson plans in Satellite Educators Association (SEA) monthly Newsletter… More opportunities to involve students doing research: SEAs M.Y. S.P.A.C.E.* Program - an international high school collaborative environmental research program using satellite-based data… * (Multinational Youth Studying Practical Applications of Climatic Events) California Science Conference 2013 Satellite Educators AssociationTracking Hurricane Sandy - 24


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