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Skeletal System I. Introduction A. Defining Characteristics
1. Type of connective tissue 2. Resists compressive forces 3. Continually remodeled 4. Compact vs. Cancellous Why?
1. Support2. Levers for movement 3. Protection4. House Hematopoetic tissue 5. Storage for Fat, Calcium, and Phosphate
II. Osseous Tissue A. Classes of bone by shape
1. Long2. Short 3. Flat4. Irregular 5. Sesamoid
B. Gross structure of bone
C. Bone Features
D. Bone Cells
1. Osteoprogenitor Cell a. Locationb. Shapec. Function
2. Osteoblast a. Locationb. Shapec. Function
3. Osteocytes a. Locationb. Shapec. Function
4. Osteoclasts a. Locationb. Shapec. Function
E. Microscopic Structure
1. Compact bone a. Organizationb. Vascularizationc. Function Figure 6.7
2. Spongy or Cancellous bone a. Organizationb. Vascularizationc. Function Figure 6.5
F. Bone Development (Ossification)
1. Membrane bone formation a. Processb. Sitesc. Hormones Figure 6.8
2. Endochondral bone formation a. Process Figure 6.9
2. Endochondral bone formation a. Processb. Sitesc. Hormones Figure 6.9
G. Bone Repair
1. Causes2. Process3. Hormones Figure 6.15
III. Skeleton A. Divisions
A. Osteoporosis a. Definitionb. Treatment
2. Fractures a. Definition
2. Fractures b. Treatment
3. Rickets a. Definitionb. Treatment
4. Abnormal spinal curvatures a. Definitionb. Treatment
Is knowledge enough?
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Skeletal System Functions: Supports the body; Protects organs (ribs, sternum, skull); Place for muscles to attach; Stores Ca; Makes blood (hematopoiesis)
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