8 AQP Initial (Qualification) Training Ground School: Systems & ProceduresSystems & Procedures Validation (Oral)Sim Maneuvers Training (4 sims)Maneuvers validationLine Oriented Training (4 sims)Evaluation (LOE)IOE (Line Training)
9 Recurrent Training Comparison Part 121AQP“Recurrent”“Continuing Qualification”1 day sim event every 6 months3 day event once a year:Day 1: Ground SchoolDay 2: Sim: Maneuvers (Training)Day 3: Sim: Check Ride: LOE1 day Ground School per yearSim: Maneuvers Based PC or PTCheckride: PCManeuvers from FOTMManeuvers from DataNo exceptions to Appendix ‘F’Spread out maneuvers / 3 yr cycles
13 Line Operational Evaluation-LOE Allows evaluation of normal procedures such as: Flows, Checklist usage, Performance, Altitude awareness, Runway incursion awareness, Corporate policy, Briefings, Radio discipline, Sterile cockpit, Descent planning and energy management and Situational awareness. Crews learn to recognize and control the task loading. Crews are evaluated in the environment they fly in every day. No instruction or intervention is allowed by check pilot. Crews learn through experience of the event and brought together in debrief. Allows evaluation of threat situations by increasing task loading in the following scenarios: Aircraft system non-normal emergencies, Distractions, Passenger issues, Weather issues, ATC revised clearances and re-routes, Runway changes / incursions, Maintenance issues / MEL’s. Allows evaluation of PF / PM role assignment and duties & crew communication. Crews invited to use all their resources. Relevant. Crews invited to help each other (trap errors) and resolve issues. Repeats: 2 Event Sets can be repeated. Crew training. Standardized. Gate to gate. Debrief value. Scripted.
14 LOE- What is it? “Big Picture”, the whole ‘enchilada’ Simulated line flight conducted in real time, “gate to gate”Used for Qualification and Continuing Qual LOELesson is scripted, thus standardizedLike a line check where the check pilot has control of the threatsEvaluated and graded in phase of flight “Event Sets” Taxi, Takeoff, Climb, etc.Repeats: 2 Event Sets can be repeated.
15 LOE- BenefitsCrews are evaluated in the environment they fly in every day.Crews learn to recognize and control task loading.No instruction or intervention is allowed by check pilot.Crews learn through experience of an event.Crews invited to use all their resources.Crews invited to help each other (trap errors) and resolve issues.
16 LOE- Benefits Allows evaluation of normal procedures such as Flows Checklist usageAltitude awarenessRunway incursion awarenessCorporate policyBriefingsRadio disciplineDescent planning and energy managementSituational awareness
17 LOE- BenefitsAllows evaluation of threat situations by increasing task loadingAircraft system non-normal emergenciesDistractionsPassenger issuesWeather issuesATC revised clearances and re-routesRunway changes/ incursionsMaintenance issues /MEL
18 AQP: Crew Perceptions: Very positiveLiked how fair & relevant it was1 year cycle no major problemsBust rate lowered- trap problems on Maneuvers Observation dayCrews liked not having “15 lbs in a 10 lb bag”Crews liked maneuvers being presented in more of a training environmentLearning by experience during LOE means retaining knowledge
19 Bottom Line:What’s the goal of a line-oriented training program that can be adaptive to the needs and threats of the kind of flying you do?SaferMore standardizedMore prepared to do the jobQuality over quantityFinally, now you can say…..