Presentation on theme: "By Patricia Galien"— Presentation transcript:
by Patricia Galien
Prepositions are always followed by a noun. This noun could be: a noun a gerund an object pronoun
The following compound prepositions are used for cause and effect: due to because of as a result of
The shuttle launch was delayed due to the weather. Due to Like all prepositions, due to is always followed by a noun (or a gerund or object pronoun). The cause always follows due to. cause effect preposition + noun to due
We cancelled the picnic because of bad weather. Because of The street flooded because of the heavy rain. Because of is always followed by a noun. The cause always follows because of. preposition + noun because of
several reasons. Note: Because of You cannot write because of with a plural object. He was late because ofseveral reasons. Do not use a plural noun with because of.
09/lib/ d1738fa2483.jpg There are many good reasons for collecting rainwater. Reasons for Reasons are usually intentional, planned or they can be controlled. Use the preposition for plus some form of a noun. In this case it is a gerund. preposition + gerund Saving water is one reason for collecting rainwater. One reason for the fire was a lack of rain. preposition + noun reasons for
As far as I can tell, causes of and causes for are interchangeable. Causes of / for It is important to study the causes of hearing loss. There are many possible causes for depression.
Result of (noun) Result in (verb) One result of not getting enough sleep is a lack of concentration. preposition + gerund preposition + noun The word result is sometimes a verb and sometimes a noun. When it is a noun, use the preposition of. When it is a verb, use the preposition in. Not getting enough sleep results in a lack of concentration. noun verb
Result of (noun) Result in (verb) One result of carbon dioxide pollution is global warming. preposition + noun The word result is sometimes a verb and sometimes a noun. When it is a noun, use the preposition of. When it is a verb, use the preposition in. Carbon dioxide pollution results in global warming. noun verb
Consequence of The consequences of drunk driving can be deadly. preposition + gerund The word result is sometimes a verb and sometimes a noun. When it is a noun, use the preposition of. When it is a verb, use the preposition in. The first consequence of cheating is that you will fail the assignment. consequence of
Effect of / Effect on Cancer is one effect of smoking. Effect a noun, but sometimes it is followed by of and sometimes on. When the cause is first, use effect on. When the effect is first, use effect of. Smoking has a negative effect on health. content/blogs.dir/2/files/2009/April/Thursday/stop_smoking_357_ jpg Effect + effect of + Cause Cause + effect on + Effect