Presentation on theme: "- European CDM - To benefit from the animation settings contained within this presentation we suggest you view using the slide show option. To start the."— Presentation transcript:
- European CDM - To benefit from the animation settings contained within this presentation we suggest you view using the slide show option. To start the show click View - Slide Show. next page Common Awareness
- European CDM - Common Awareness Collaborative Decision Making Collaborative Decision Making Visit the European CDM website at for more information next page This presentation illustrates the idea, which lies at the heart of the CDM concept, of establishing a Common Situational Awareness for the extended enterprise consisting of all those involved in the operation and management of air traffic. next step This illustration is based on an example of disruption, but the ideas are equally applicable in day-to-day operations.
Apron Control The extended enterprise next page They are interested in different parts of the same system. Each has a different objective... Many different organisations contribute to the operation and management of civil air transport flights: These organisations are linked by their overlapping interests - they form an extended enterprise, with the shared aim of the safe and efficient operation of air transport. next step Airline Dispatch CFMU ATC Tower Approach ATC Handling Agents En-Route ATC Ground Movements Control Airport Resources Manager Pilot Meteo Service Provider … but the actions and decisions of each one affect the others in the extended enterprise. ATC to manage sector traffic, Flight Ops to manage a company schedule, Airport Resources Manager to manage the airport resources for arriving and departing flights. Airline Flight Operations
next step Problem-solving in cases of disruption next page Normal operations can be disrupted for all kinds of reasons: an emergency, a strike, weather conditions, equipment outage. … and all members of the extended enterprise have a role in solving the problems that arise. In such cases, all members of the extended enterprise share an interest in minimising the disruption and its impact… Airline Flight Operations Airline Dispatch CFMU ATC Tower Approach ATC Handling Agents En-Route ATC Ground Movements Control Apron Control Airport Resources Manager Pilot Meteo Service Provider At present, each member generally maintains its own, partial picture (or understanding) of the current situation and how it is expected to develop. That picture is updated only when that organisation becomes aware of a change. So the pictures held by different members of the extended enterprise become out of step …... different members can have different understandings of the situation, and may effectively be trying to solve different problems.
Achieving a common situational awareness next page The idea is that each member publishes on a network, their latest information about the actual and forecast situation, updating it as soon as they are aware of a change. All members have access to the full picture – subject only to security or commercial issues. All members of the extended enterprise can then access this information, ensuring a common situational awareness. A common situational awareness - a shared view of the problem - means that all members are working towards solving the same problem. Each organisation can take more effective decisions, based on the best possible information. The organisations can work together – problem-solving across the whole enterprise, to produce more complete and more effective solutions. All members are sharing the latest information from the same source. Each part of the picture is being provided by the member with the best knowledge about that part. next step Airline Flight Operations Airline Dispatch CFMU ATC Tower Approach ATC Handling Agents En-Route ATC Ground Movements Control Apron Control Airport Resources Manager Pilot Meteo Service Provider
Achieving a common situational awareness next page So the published information will include: Common situational awareness needs to incorporate not only the present situation, but also as much information as possible about the anticipated future situation, and its implications. The next slide gives an example of how it might be used... To be most effective, this information must be easy to access and understand.... reasons behind the problems, forecasts of their expected development, current status of affected resources including delays, information about alternatives. forecasts of expected future status and delays, We can envisage a tool that presents the networked information according to each organisations operational needs. … Each member of the extended enterprise must be able quickly to find the information they need to assist their operational decisions. next step
CFMU Meteo Service provider ATC Other Airports/ATC AOC Airport next step Common Situational Awareness - an example ATC Capacity Expected holding times (for next 2 hrs) Decisions/reactions to situation Cancelled flights, new FPLs/ETAs Alternatives: Facilities, status, expected delays Traffic forecast, capacity, congestion and updates Meteo forecast, report Situation on ground, decisions, plans, effects. Best and worst cases All participants can access this information, ensuring a common situational awareness. Each participant queries the system to inform their operational decisions. Flight : ABC242 ADES: EGLL/LHR STA: 10:40 ETA : 12:40 arrival delay 120min next step next page All participants update the system with their most up-to-date information. As an illustration, consider the AOC assessing options for a flight scheduled to go to the disrupted airport... next step EGLL EGLL/LHR RWY 26L blocked Debris now being cleared Expected available 11:30 Delays expected to 15:00 Details EGLL EGKK EGLK EGGW EGSS EGKK/LGW Status:OK Stands Handling agents Ground transport Flight : ABC242 ADES: EGLL/LHR STA: 10:40 EGSS> ETA 11:00 EGKK> ETA 11:10 EGGW> ETA 12:00 EGKK> ETA 11:10 Alternates EGKK next step If I make flight ABC242: How long a delay can I expect? Expected conditions at the airport? Delay on return leg? If I divert flight ABC242 : Which airports are available? What expected delay at each? What aircraft handling facilities are there? What facilities to transfer pax/baggage?
Information required next page This table lists information that would be operationally useful to Airlines in cases of disruption at an airfield. [Drafted by IATA.] Landside: Surface traffic congestion sufficient to delay passenger access Terminal problems sufficient to delay passengers for significant time Industrial action notification Disruption to ground transport Airside: Snow clearance plans De-icing situation of taxiways/stands Braking action on runways NOTAMS in effects Runways in use Taxiway restrictions in real time Departure sequencing in taxi queue Gate/Stand allocation In the air: Abnormal weather conditions, turbulence, etc. Pilot reports Inbound holding delays Estimated time of landing General:Operational telephone contacts
next step Summary Common situational awareness lies at the heart of the CDM concept. This illustration of common situational awareness has focussed on problem-solving in cases of disruption … - End of Presentation - 4Better situational awareness improves decision-making for each member. WAll members have access to the full picture (subject only to security and commercial issues), consisting of the latest information from the best-informed source. 4Common situational awareness enables members of the extended enterprise to work together effectively, so that problem-solving is integrated across the whole enterprise. … but the ideas are equally applicable in day-to-day operations. next step ensures that all members of the extended enterprise … A shared understanding of the situation … are working towards solving the same problem (instead of seeing slightly different versions of it).