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Construction Site Theft Prevention Presented by: Sgt. Scott Hilden Canton Police Department.

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Presentation on theme: "Construction Site Theft Prevention Presented by: Sgt. Scott Hilden Canton Police Department."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Construction Site Theft Prevention Presented by: Sgt. Scott Hilden Canton Police Department

3 Statistics Canton Construction Larcenies **February 2005 began We Nail Thieves Program**

4 When are these crimes occurring? Daytime regular work hours Daytime regular work hours After hours and weekends After hours and weekends Middle of the night Middle of the night

5 Crime Prevention Is the anticipation, recognition, and appraisal of a crime risk, and the initiation of some action to remove or reduce it.

6 What is needed to commit a crime? 1. Criminal, with the motivation to steal 2. Victim 3. Opportunity

7 How are we going to reduce the incidence of thefts at your sites? Risk vs Reward, increase the chance of being caught Risk vs Reward, increase the chance of being caught Reduce the opportunity for thefts Reduce the opportunity for thefts Create an environment that makes it difficult to steal Create an environment that makes it difficult to steal

8 Criminal Opportunity It is controllable It is controllable Potential victims can reduce their vulnerability to criminal attack by taking proper security precautions Potential victims can reduce their vulnerability to criminal attack by taking proper security precautions Criminal opportunity is often impulsive, the thief stumbles upon an opportunity because of our carelessness Criminal opportunity is often impulsive, the thief stumbles upon an opportunity because of our carelessness

9 What types of items are stolen? Heavy equipment-backhoes, loaders etc… Heavy equipment-backhoes, loaders etc… Utility trailers Utility trailers Lumber Lumber Mortar mixers Mortar mixers Power tools Power tools Appliances/furnishings Appliances/furnishings Copper Copper The Kitchen Sink!! The Kitchen Sink!!

10 Defensible Space In 1772 Oscar Newman, an architect and urban planner published a book called Defensible Space In 1772 Oscar Newman, an architect and urban planner published a book called Defensible Space His concept is still used today and has defined this concept as follows: His concept is still used today and has defined this concept as follows: –the range of mechanisms – real and symbolic barriers, strongly defined areas of influence, and improved opportunities for surveillance – that combined to being an environment under the control of its residents.

11 What does this mean? Defensible Space You create an environment that psychologically causes those within to feel the sense of control by its residents or managers. You create an environment that psychologically causes those within to feel the sense of control by its residents or managers. –Prison environment –Office of a CEO –Chief of Police –Court room

12 Creating a Defensible Space Give work rules to all employees and have them prominently displayed in several areas Give work rules to all employees and have them prominently displayed in several areas Post signs that indicate All thefts will be prosecuted Post signs that indicate All thefts will be prosecuted Post signs indicating Authorized Personnel Only at job site entrances Post signs indicating Authorized Personnel Only at job site entrances

13 Defensible Space continued…. Offer a reward incentive program for workers who report thefts Offer a reward incentive program for workers who report thefts Encourage anonymous tips Encourage anonymous tips Crime Stoppers 1-800-SPEAK UP Crime Stoppers 1-800-SPEAK UP Conduct random unannounced work site visits Conduct random unannounced work site visits You have now set the tone You have now set the tone

14 Site Security Total Site Security is often difficult to achieve, however there are many simple measures that can be taken that will improve or enhance current site security.

15 Site Security continued…… If the thief sees that the site is well secured, he is likely to conclude that the equipment is also well secured and will move on to a softer target. This concept is called Crime Displacement

16 Crime Displacement We cannot stop a determined criminal from committing a crime. What we can do is make it more difficult. This may cause them to go somewhere else to find an easier target. We cannot stop a determined criminal from committing a crime. What we can do is make it more difficult. This may cause them to go somewhere else to find an easier target.

17 Site Security Establishing a perimeter around a work site can be accomplished several ways –N–N–N–Natural barriers Bushes Trees Landscape rocks Ponds, lakes etc…

18 Site Security continued… Man Man made barriers –Fences –Gates –Electronic –Electronic monitoring equipment –Security –Security patrols –Contact –Contact neighbors around the site enlist their support in watching for suspicious activities

19 Fencing First Line of Defense Use see-through material, such as chain link, this allows visibility inside the fence Use see-through material, such as chain link, this allows visibility inside the fence Keep fenced areas free of bushes and debris Keep fenced areas free of bushes and debris Ideally 7-8ft tall Ideally 7-8ft tall Limit access to keys for fenced areas Limit access to keys for fenced areas Conduct routine fence inspections, repair Conduct routine fence inspections, repair

20 How much security is up to you!

21 Other Work Barriers In many cases it will not be possible or cost effective to fence in a worksite. There are other options such as barriers and ditches that can have a significant effect

22 Barriers Low walls, ditches, dirt berms, or anything else that would prevent a unit from being driven or towed off the worksite Low walls, ditches, dirt berms, or anything else that would prevent a unit from being driven or towed off the worksite Keep these walls or berms no taller than 3 ft so police can see into the site from their patrol car Keep these walls or berms no taller than 3 ft so police can see into the site from their patrol car

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25 Gates Your only as strong as your weakest point Gates should be of heavy construction, hinge pins spot welded to prevent easy removal Gates should be of heavy construction, hinge pins spot welded to prevent easy removal Locking hardware should be case hardened chain and a high security padlock permanently attached to the fence Locking hardware should be case hardened chain and a high security padlock permanently attached to the fence If possible, have only one entrance/exit If possible, have only one entrance/exit

26 Gates continued Secure all work entrances/exits with a gate and lock, dont leave the lock open on the gate Secure all work entrances/exits with a gate and lock, dont leave the lock open on the gate Limit the number of access points to the site Limit the number of access points to the site

27 Warning Signs Crime Stoppers We Nail Thieves Crime Stoppers We Nail Thieves Post Warning signs No Trespassing around the perimeter of your worksite Post Warning signs No Trespassing around the perimeter of your worksite Enhance signs by adding that Product Identification Numbers are recorded for all equipment Enhance signs by adding that Product Identification Numbers are recorded for all equipment

28 Prominently display signs around your site

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30 Lighting Lighting is one of the most effective low cost deterrents that is available Lights should be placed along the perimeter of the property and directed toward the worksite Lights should be placed along the perimeter of the property and directed toward the worksite Lights should be of suitable quality and the power source protected Lights should be of suitable quality and the power source protected Lights should be well maintained and checked regularly Lights should be well maintained and checked regularly

31 Types of Light Controls Motion Sensitive Motion Sensitive Photo-Electric Control- this light activates automatically at dusk Photo-Electric Control- this light activates automatically at dusk Timers Timers Event driven control- these lights can be set to activate upon detection of an intruder to illuminate the area Event driven control- these lights can be set to activate upon detection of an intruder to illuminate the area

32 Type of Light Sources Incandescent- used in homes today Incandescent- used in homes today Quartz- improved incandescent Quartz- improved incandescent Halogen- used indoor and out very bright light with good color rendition Halogen- used indoor and out very bright light with good color rendition Florescent- type of mercury vapor, not good outdoors Florescent- type of mercury vapor, not good outdoors Mercury Vapor- used widely outdoors, poor color rendition, startup is not immediate Mercury Vapor- used widely outdoors, poor color rendition, startup is not immediate Metal Halide- excellent color rendition with pure white illumination, startup is not immediate Metal Halide- excellent color rendition with pure white illumination, startup is not immediate

33 Light Source continued--- High Pressure Sodium- very efficient light used outdoors color rendition is fair, must have time to start High Pressure Sodium- very efficient light used outdoors color rendition is fair, must have time to start Low Pressure Sodium- most efficient light, poor color rendition, takes a long time to reach full illumination Low Pressure Sodium- most efficient light, poor color rendition, takes a long time to reach full illumination

34 Good Lighting

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36 Where would you park?

37 Bad/Poor Lighting

38 Where would you commit your crime?

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40 Tools and Equipment Remove tools and equipment from the job site at the end of each day if feasible Remove tools and equipment from the job site at the end of each day if feasible Consider storing tools and equipment in a high traffic / high visibility area. Consider storing tools and equipment in a high traffic / high visibility area. –Use areas with natural sight surveillance –Store them in a secure locked heavy duty cargo container –Keep area illuminated at night

41 Tools and Equipment continued Record serial or product identification numbers Record serial or product identification numbers Engrave hand tools and other valuables with your drivers license number Engrave hand tools and other valuables with your drivers license number –This allows us to track down the owner

42 Trailer/Office Keep a record of the serial numbers on all tools, computers, fax machines, radios, cell phones, and other equipment Keep a record of the serial numbers on all tools, computers, fax machines, radios, cell phones, and other equipment Secure computers to the floor or sides of desks with strips of metal and bolts or screws Secure computers to the floor or sides of desks with strips of metal and bolts or screws Backup computer data frequently and store it off site Backup computer data frequently and store it off site Have the trailer or office alarmed Have the trailer or office alarmed –Silent –Audible

43 Securing your computers

44 Key Control Create a policy Create a policy Require that keys be removed from equipment when not in use Require that keys be removed from equipment when not in use Keep a key tracking log which requires keys to be signed out/in Keep a key tracking log which requires keys to be signed out/in Restrict who has access to keys, equipment and the worksite Restrict who has access to keys, equipment and the worksite Keep keys secured in a safe, or other lockable area when not in use Keep keys secured in a safe, or other lockable area when not in use

45 4 Ds of Locks Deter Deter Delay Delay Detect Detect Deny Deny

46 Locks If using a padlock, they should be high security casehardened or laminated steel, and with tamper proof guards If using a padlock, they should be high security casehardened or laminated steel, and with tamper proof guards Combination locks offer lower security due to the possibility for sharing the combination Combination locks offer lower security due to the possibility for sharing the combination Use padlocks that must be re-locked before the key can be removed Use padlocks that must be re-locked before the key can be removed

47 Hardened locks

48 Locks continued………………… Case-hardened chains used with padlocks should be thick enough to resist torch, saws and bolt cutters Case-hardened chains used with padlocks should be thick enough to resist torch, saws and bolt cutters Consider cable or wire rope instead of chain as it is harder to cut and requires special tools Consider cable or wire rope instead of chain as it is harder to cut and requires special tools Consider blind or enclosed locking devices on equipment doors and perimeter gates Consider blind or enclosed locking devices on equipment doors and perimeter gates

49 Shielded Shackle Locks

50 Hidden Shackle Lock (Hockey puck)

51 Are you relying on this for security?

52 Additional Crime Prevention Strategies Delay installation of appliances to as late as possible in the construction phase Delay installation of appliances to as late as possible in the construction phase Conduct background investigations on employees Conduct background investigations on employees Encourage all employees to challenge strangers who enter the job site Encourage all employees to challenge strangers who enter the job site All personnel should be trained to say may I help you? All personnel should be trained to say may I help you?

53 May I Help you?

54 Heavy Equipment Theft Thieves steal an estimated $1,000,000,000 (billion) in heavy equipment annually Recovery rate is as low as 10%

55 What makes it so difficult to investigate Heavy Equipment theft? Difficult gaining legal or physical access to equipment Difficult gaining legal or physical access to equipment Varied locations of PIN numbers Varied locations of PIN numbers Confusion between PIN and other ID numbers on equipment Confusion between PIN and other ID numbers on equipment No standard numbering formats No standard numbering formats Absence or inaccuracy of theft reports Absence or inaccuracy of theft reports Equipment is not titled so there is limited PIN information Equipment is not titled so there is limited PIN information

56 Vehicle Security However good the perimeter security, a thief may still gain access to the equipment and equipment may move from more to less secure worksites so it is important for vehicle security to be as good as possible However good the perimeter security, a thief may still gain access to the equipment and equipment may move from more to less secure worksites so it is important for vehicle security to be as good as possible

57 Vehicle Security continued…… Install theft prevention devices to disable fuel, hydraulic, and or electrical systems Install theft prevention devices to disable fuel, hydraulic, and or electrical systems Consider installing a recovery system (Lojack) Consider installing a recovery system (Lojack) Portable equipment can be immobilized by removing tires if not being used regularly Portable equipment can be immobilized by removing tires if not being used regularly Consider hitch protection, disable or remove the hitch Consider hitch protection, disable or remove the hitch Dont leave equipment on a trailer Dont leave equipment on a trailer

58 Inventory Control Equipment marking- use etching tools and duplicate the units PIN number in at least two places. Equipment marking- use etching tools and duplicate the units PIN number in at least two places. Customize the unit- unique paint colors, paint the roof a different color etc… it is more likely to be noticed and less likely to be stolen Customize the unit- unique paint colors, paint the roof a different color etc… it is more likely to be noticed and less likely to be stolen Record any and all numbers on the unit- PIN, serial, chassis, model, and manufacturer and keep them in an accessible location if needed Record any and all numbers on the unit- PIN, serial, chassis, model, and manufacturer and keep them in an accessible location if needed Use decals and signs telling the potential thief what has been done Use decals and signs telling the potential thief what has been done

59 Anchor and Immobilize Use a chain or cable to secure equipmentUse a chain or cable to secure equipment Remove wires or batteries on equipment left on siteRemove wires or batteries on equipment left on site Lower buckets and blades to immobilize large equipmentLower buckets and blades to immobilize large equipment Protect smaller items by positioning larger items in a way to make them inaccessibleProtect smaller items by positioning larger items in a way to make them inaccessible

60 National Equipment Register (NER) Consider Registering all your heavy construction equipment Consider Registering all your heavy construction equipment National database accessible to Law Enforcement National database accessible to Law Enforcement Can check suspicious equipment in their theft database Can check suspicious equipment in their theft database

61 How to get started Contact your local police department before breaking ground Contact your local police department before breaking ground Designate a management level employee as a site crime prevention coordinator Designate a management level employee as a site crime prevention coordinator Implement and maintain these crime prevention strategies Implement and maintain these crime prevention strategies Post your sites with the We Nail Thieves posters Post your sites with the We Nail Thieves posters Prosecute all thefts Prosecute all thefts

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63 Getting some zzzzzzzzzzzzzzzs The End


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