Project: Humanitarian Aid Program for Natural and Anthropic Catastrophes
GRESA Health and Environmental Emergency Response Group P resentation
The basic aim of Humanitarian Aid Program for Natural and Anthropic Catastrophes, is to attend a population afflicted by any kind of natural catastrophes, such as: earthquakes, hurricanes, cyclones, floods, alluviums, avalanches, drought, big fires, etc., and/or by Anthropic ones: oil spilling, chemical, radioactive and sensitive substances spilling, etc. with the health-environmental support of our Health and Environmental Emergency Response Group – GRESA.
Whats GRESA? GRESA is an ecumenical and interdisciplinary corps formed by professionals, doctors and paramedics, specialized in Health Emergencies and Catastrophes, to attend the afflicted populations public health. It is also formed by: engineers, geologists, ecologists, to solve, or at least, minimize the damages produced in the environment by a catastrophe.
It will also provide all kind of material supplies, operative support and technical advice to any involved population, pretending to shorten the time in which the remedy of the environmental problem can be given. We want to solve, or at least minimize, the effects caused during and/or after every catastrophe, especially, those defined as THE DAY AFTER, with professional and material help.
As to achieve an operative effectiveness, GRESA, besides the one base in Argentina, will have 39 overseas bases, both continental and insular. These bases belong to four categories: Alfa Base, Beta Base, Base 1 and Base 2. Even though the provision and crew of the bases Beta, 1 and 2 are limited, they have been designed to give a quick response in case of needs, and will act as beachhead for all actions, shortening distances, at least, from the very first moment when the catastrophes strikes, up to the time when the main task force arrives from GRESA – Alfa Base.
Organization chart of GRESA – Operative Bases Alfa Base (1) Alfa Base (1) Logistics Staff Beta Bases (12) Beta Bases (12) Bases 1 (18) Bases 1 (18) Bases 2 (9) Bases 2 (9) Operative Staff Executive Council GRESA
Coordinators and Sponsors The coordinator of the Humanitarian Aid Program for Natural and Anthropic Catastrophes will be Multimedios Ambiente Ecológico – MAE. MAE, will need all kind of possible collaboration and sponsorship from official, national and international institutions and organizations, commercial enterprises, NGO's, private individuals and legal entities to achieve the objective, for example:
- The Argentine Foreign Affairs Office, would be responsible of coordinating the operations by means of its embassies and consulates with the chancelleries of the participating countries. - The International Federation of Red Cross and the Red Half Moon, would raise the alarm of the catastrophes and would perform the Coordination with their local subsidiaries in each country for the arrival of the GRESA task force, with all its equipment and provisions to face Natural and/or Anthropic Catastrophes, wherever there would be people in danger and/or the environment would be either threatened or in danger.
- The Argentina Air Force (Fuerza Aérea Argentina – FAA), as all Air Forces where GRESA would have operative bases, in order to allow the assigned staff to the Program lead coordination, piloting, maintenance, security and hangar of the involved aircrafts (cargo planes and helicopters)
- The Argentina Navy (Armada República Argentina – ARA), as all the different Navies where GRESA will have its marine or fluvial bases of operations, to allow the Head of the task force to face coordination, piloting, maintenance, security and docking of the ships that belongs to the Program (hospital ships and helicopters). - The Argentina Coast Guard (Prefectura Naval Argentina – PNA) in order to allow its trained staff to control oil, chemical, radioactive and sensitive substances spilling, etc., either at sea or fluvial, assist in the intervention of eventual disasters.
Even though the international assistance would act quickly and with equal participation before any kind of catastrophe, and particularly, before those ones which can drastically damage poor or developing countries, we want to reach those places with non traditional assistance within 24 hours, maximum 48 hours after the event takes place.
Supplies we offer to the affected populations : - Tents for evacuated people (1 per family, ±10 people) - Individual mattresses and Inflatable pillows - Blankets, depending on place and season - Bed sheets and non-allergic pillowcases - Disposable supplies for hygiene - Personal showers with tank, pump and water heater - Chemical toilets.
Supplies we offer to the Emergency healthcare services Centres: - Medical equipments for sanitary emergencies - Mobile hospitals: coronary unit, emergency operating theatre, Intensive care unit, etc. - Sanitary tents for patients (30/40 people) - Camp beds for convalescents patients with inflatable mattresses and pillows - Blankets, depending on place and season - Disposable non-allergic bed sheets and pillowcases - Medicines, vaccines, disinfectants, serums, etc. - Disposables: syringes, bandages, cotton wool, needles, probes, scalpels - Personal showers with tank, pump and water heater - Chemical toilets
Supplies we offer to the de Refugees Centres: - Cookers with all peripheral equipments - Boxes of pre-manufactured, fortified and dehydrated food - Cooking utensils to cook and deliver food - Mobile water treatment plant - Water bottling mobile units (in plastic bags) - Electricity generators - General and individual lighting system for tents - Cold chain maintenance devises (medicines and food) - Unfolding storage tanks for pathogenic waste - Unfolding storage tanks for sewage waste - Body bags
The GRESA are prepared to respond to medical emergencies: surgical, clinical, psychological, epidemiological, etc., and also to environmental ones: disinfection, resolution, decontamination, etc. of the environment immediately, depending only on the time the permissions to fly over every country are given, particularly, over the damaged country, and on the normal reaction of each mobilization of this kind.
Even though the GRESA contractually depend on MAE and will be directly coordinated by its Executive Council, they themselves will be put at the disposal of any national or local authority and the International Federation of Red Cross and the Red Half Moons wherever a catastrophes takes place in order to perform conjointly, so as to make the most of all the available resources effectively.
A skilled staff in the assistance of the environment, will perform as soon as the appropriate permissions are granted to start operations. And so, damages produced to the environment can be either delimited or minimized. The needed operative equipment, will travel with GRESA by the allocated aircrafts, which will be operated by the staff appointed by Argentine Air Force, or by the different Air Forces based on GRESAs bases.
With the Humanitarian Aid Program for Natural and Anthropic Catastrophes and with the participation of its corps, GRESA, wants to give possible solutions to some of the big problems that may happen and increase in frequency and intensity every day, and to the consequences of the continuous weather and telluric changes as well, but also, by anthropic activity, particularly, by improper human settlements –already irreversible nowadays- in potentially vulnerable zones.
When we refer to THE DAY AFTER, we are thinking of minimizing the eventual pollution and infestations produced by the devastation of the area, and to the loss of essential services, such as: gas, fresh tap water, main sewers, pluvial drains, communications, electricity, roads, waterways, airport and seaport infrastructures, etc.
Populations physiological needs and lack of hygiene, together with a number of inert bodies of dead people and animals, could collapse any damaged region of the world and so, increase chaos and devastation can occur. The psychological effects on individuals produced by a traumatic situation can lower their immunological protections making their organisms to be proclivity to any disease, particularly, those orally transmitted ones (by drinking non fresh water) or infectious ones by innumerable means or by necrosis of rotting bodies.
We think that there are not enough efforts or investment made which can not be justified by the objective of Humanitarian Aid Program for Natural and Anthropic Catastrophes, particularly, in all social classes, being totally involved in the diffusion, commitment, and perseverance of the Culture of Peace and of the Culture of Solidarity.
E nd of Presentation Translated into English by Mónica Bortolin Ghisoni Fundación Multimedios Ambiente Ecológico – MAE www.mae.org.ar