3 30 EUMETNET Members Austria The National Met Services of: Latvia BelgiumCroatiaCyprusCzech Rep.DenmarkEstoniaFinlandFranceGermanyGreeceHungaryIcelandIrelandItalyLatviaLuxemburgMaltaMontenegroNetherlandsNorwayPolandPortugalSerbiaSloveniaSpainSwedenThe FYROMSwitzerlandUnited Kingdom
4 EUMETNET MissionTo help its Members to develop and share their individual and joint capabilities through cooperation programmes that enable enhanced networking, interoperability, optimisation and integration within Europe; and also to enable collective representation with European bodies in order that these capabilities can be exploited effectively.From EUMETNET Strategy
5 Relation to Supersites EUMETNET Members are users of the SupersitesThe Toulouse and London VAAC are operated by 2 EUMETNET MembersDuring a major volcanic event, the national weather service will be sitting alongside the geophysical experts briefing governments on the airborne component of the eruptionWeather forecast models are used to drive dispersion and air quality models – these need good quality input data from the supersites to initialise the modelsWe also need ash and gas cloud monitoring data to verify and validate our model predictions
6 The EUMETNET Observations Programme The Obs Programme is a mandatory (all 30 Members participate) Programme of EUMETNET. Covers non-space based observations and is designed to complement and not duplicate space capabilities.
7 Observations Programme Key Output:The EUMETNET Composite Observing System (EUCOS) is the primary output of the Observation Programme in the form of standardised, quality controlled observations for use by downstream users including for example:Weather forecasting and numerical modellingClimate monitoring and climate servicesCivil protection and emergency responseTransport (road, rail, maritime and aviation)DefenceEnergy (extraction, generation, demand management, distribution)
8 The current EUCOS network All European automated weather balloon observationsAll measurements from European commercial aircraft4 moored buoys and all European drifting buoysEuropean Voluntary Observing ShipsEuropean weather balloon observationsEuropean synoptic weather stationsSelected European wind profilers (+ wind profiles derived from weather radar data)Selected European weather radarsSelected European GNSS sites and Analysing Centres
9 EUCOS Performance Standards Describes Performance Standards, Monitoring and Change Control Procedures for all EUCOS networksDefining targets on (typically):Percentage of observations received from NetworkPercentage received by HH+100 Threshold target.Percentage received by HH+50 Breakthrough target.Accuracy targets of particular parameters (e.g. temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, humidity)
15 E-AMDAR Network Performance 2012 EUCOS Objectives for E-AMDAR20082012 ACTUAL(Gross)(Nett)Number of airports in EUCOS area observed daily140152143Number of 3 hourly observed airports4041371Total daily number of profiles within EUCOS area780845(866 M-F/794 WE)7211Data over Sensitive EUCOS Areas27%35.86%30.48%WWW contribution12%8.02%26.82%2Annual number of E-AMDAR funded observations12M14.37M11.10M3Total number of E-AMDAR aircraft equipped with development WVSS-II units32/142/1 4Timeliness T + 5090%94,2%Timeliness T + 10095%97,2%
16 Drifting Buoys (network) All buoys on the map are measuring air pressure at leastEumetnet drifting buoys in redNon-Eumetnet drifting buoys in blueJanuary 2013
17 Drifting Buoys (availability & timeliness) Target : 100Number of E-SURFMAR operating drifting buoysThe number of operating buoys has been back above the target of 100 since AugustLong term target : 90%Short term target : 70%Percentage of reports sent onto the GTS less than 50 minutes after the observation timeThe long term target has been definitely reached in May 2012 thanks to the use of Iridium instead of Argos for data transmission
18 GNSSDATA COVERAGEStatus map from :17 from the E-GVAP validation site.Validation statistics and graphs are created automatically and shown via click at each square representing a GPS site
19 Total number of ZTD observations per month. Order 14 million.
20 Expansion of networkAn MoU has been signed between EUPOS and EUMETNET (to provide a framework for the geodetic meteorological collaboration between the parties), and about specific access to data from,HungaryPolandLatviaBulgariaNational MoUs between the local NMHS and the national Geodetic agency are now being discussed.
22 Why is all this important for volcanic ash observations?
23 Operational users need: To know availability and anticipated timelinessTo know quality and bias of individual observationsTo have confidence in the data before they invest in using it in their systems or decision making processesTo understand the strengths and weaknesses of the dataTo have a cost effective solution through integration with existing operational networks rather than set up new independent systemsTo have complementary capabilities in an integrated system
24 E-PROFILE Operational Service (EUMETNET – vertical profile observations)
26 Mission E-WINPROF operational service Provides vertical profiles of wind measurements from WP and WR from a network of locations across Europe.Improve the overall usability of wind profiler data for operational meteorology.Provide support and expertise to both profiler operators and end users.Addition of Lidar and Ceilometer (ALC) observationsProvides vertical backscatter profiles from ALCAnalysis of the user requirements for ALC observations.Production of business case.Implementation and operational acceptance.
27 Ceilometer Stations over Europe Courtesy of W. Thomas (DWD)
28 What information does a ALC provide Cloudaerosol/dust/ashBoundary Layer[Heese et al., 2010]A ALC provides much more than the cloud base…
29 SummaryImportant when developing R&D investments to plan for operational implementationEnsures operational user needs are considered at an early stageStandardisation, harmonisation, integration, complementarity, quality assurance, bias statistics and assured availability of information are important performance characteristics for operational usersEUVONET roadmap and the EUMETNET observations programme both envisage a transition from H2020 R&D to operational implementation of non-space based volcanic ash monitoring systems later this decade.
30 Contact Details Steve Noyes Executive Director GIE/EIG EUMETNET European Meteorological Services' NetworkGIE EUMETNET Secretariatc/o L’Institut Royal Météorologique de BelgiqueAvenue Circulaire Bruxelles, BelgiqueRegistered Number RPM BruxellesTel: +32 (0) Fax: +32 (0)