Presentation on theme: "Integrating new observing and monitoring systems into operational networks Steve Noyes Executive Director, EUMETNET EIG Presentation to the Supersites."— Presentation transcript:
Integrating new observing and monitoring systems into operational networks Steve Noyes Executive Director, EUMETNET EIG Presentation to the Supersites Coordination Workshop June 2013
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Austria Belgium Croatia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Estonia Finland France Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland Italy Latvia Luxemburg Malta Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Serbia Slovenia Spain Sweden The FYROM Switzerland United Kingdom 30 EUMETNET Members The National Met Services of:
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles EUMETNET Mission To help its Members to develop and share their individual and joint capabilities through cooperation programmes that enable enhanced networking, interoperability, optimisation and integration within Europe; and also to enable collective representation with European bodies in order that these capabilities can be exploited effectively. From EUMETNET Strategy
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Relation to Supersites EUMETNET Members are users of the Supersites The Toulouse and London VAAC are operated by 2 EUMETNET Members During a major volcanic event, the national weather service will be sitting alongside the geophysical experts briefing governments on the airborne component of the eruption Weather forecast models are used to drive dispersion and air quality models – these need good quality input data from the supersites to initialise the models We also need ash and gas cloud monitoring data to verify and validate our model predictions
The EUMETNET Observations Programme The Obs Programme is a mandatory (all 30 Members participate) Programme of EUMETNET. Covers non-space based observations and is designed to complement and not duplicate space capabilities.
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Observations Programme Key Output: The EUMETNET Composite Observing System (EUCOS) is the primary output of the Observation Programme in the form of standardised, quality controlled observations for use by downstream users including for example: Weather forecasting and numerical modelling Climate monitoring and climate services Civil protection and emergency response Transport (road, rail, maritime and aviation) Defence Energy (extraction, generation, demand management, distribution)
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles The current EUCOS network All European automated weather balloon observations All measurements from European commercial aircraft 4 moored buoys and all European drifting buoys European Voluntary Observing Ships European weather balloon observations European synoptic weather stations Selected European wind profilers (+ wind profiles derived from weather radar data) Selected European weather radars Selected European GNSS sites and Analysing Centres
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles EUCOS Performance Standards Describes Performance Standards, Monitoring and Change Control Procedures for all EUCOS networks Defining targets on (typically): –Percentage of observations received from Network –Percentage received by HH+100 Threshold target. –Percentage received by HH+50 Breakthrough target. –Accuracy targets of particular parameters (e.g. temperature, wind speed and direction, pressure, humidity)
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles EUCOS Performance Standards - example
Examples of a EUCOS network component - Aircraft Observations (E-AMDAR) - Drifting Buoys (E-SURFMAR) - GNSS water vapour (E-GVAP)
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles E-AMDAR Daily coverage – 31st January 2013
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles E-AMDAR Network Performance 2012 EUCOS Objectives for E-AMDAR ACTUAL (Gross) 2012 ACTUAL (Nett) Number of airports in EUCOS area observed daily Number of 3 hourly observed airports Total daily number of profiles within EUCOS area (866 M-F/794 WE) Data over Sensitive EUCOS Areas27%35.86%30.48% WWW contribution12%8.02% % 2 Annual number of E-AMDAR funded observations 12M14.37M11.10M 3 Total number of E-AMDAR aircraft equipped with development WVSS-II units 3 2/1 4 Timeliness T %94,2% Timeliness T %97,2%
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Drifting Buoys (network) January 2013 Eumetnet drifting buoys in red Non-Eumetnet drifting buoys in blue All buoys on the map are measuring air pressure at least
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Drifting Buoys (availability & timeliness) Percentage of reports sent onto the GTS less than 50 minutes after the observation time The long term target has been definitely reached in May 2012 thanks to the use of Iridium instead of Argos for data transmission Long term target : 90% Short term target : 70% Number of E-SURFMAR operating drifting buoys The number of operating buoys has been back above the target of 100 since August Target : 100
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles GNSS DATA COVERAGE Status map from :17 from the E-GVAP validation site. Validation statistics and graphs are created automatically and shown via click at each square representing a GPS site
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Total number of ZTD observations per month. Order 14 million.
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Expansion of network An MoU has been signed between EUPOS and EUMETNET (to provide a framework for the geodetic meteorological collaboration between the parties), and about specific access to data from, Hungary Poland Latvia Bulgaria National MoUs between the local NMHS and the national Geodetic agency are now being discussed.
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles EUPOS sites,
Why is all this important for volcanic ash observations?
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Operational users need: To know availability and anticipated timeliness To know quality and bias of individual observations To have confidence in the data before they invest in using it in their systems or decision making processes To understand the strengths and weaknesses of the data To have a cost effective solution through integration with existing operational networks rather than set up new independent systems To have complementary capabilities in an integrated system
E-PROFILE Operational Service (EUMETNET – vertical profile observations)
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Network of Weather radar profiles
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Mission E-WINPROF operational service Provides vertical profiles of wind measurements from WP and WR from a network of locations across Europe. Improve the overall usability of wind profiler data for operational meteorology. Provide support and expertise to both profiler operators and end users. Addition of Lidar and Ceilometer (ALC) observations Provides vertical backscatter profiles from ALC –Analysis of the user requirements for ALC observations. –Production of business case. –Implementation and operational acceptance.
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Ceilometer Stations over Europe Courtesy of W. Thomas (DWD)
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles What information does a ALC provide Cloud Boundary Layer aerosol/dust/ash [Heese et al., 2010] A ALC provides much more than the cloud base…
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Summary Important when developing R&D investments to plan for operational implementation Ensures operational user needs are considered at an early stage Standardisation, harmonisation, integration, complementarity, quality assurance, bias statistics and assured availability of information are important performance characteristics for operational users EUVONET roadmap and the EUMETNET observations programme both envisage a transition from H2020 R&D to operational implementation of non-space based volcanic ash monitoring systems later this decade.
GIE/EIG EUMETNET, Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Contact Details Steve Noyes Executive Director GIE/EIG EUMETNET European Meteorological Services' Network GIE EUMETNET Secretariat c/o LInstitut Royal Météorologique de Belgique Avenue Circulaire Bruxelles, Belgique Registered Number RPM Bruxelles Tel: +32 (0) Fax: +32 (0)