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Grade 5 Big Idea 7: Earth Systems and Patterns 2012-2013 Pacing Guide Topic XI Weather and Climate Activities Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist.

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Presentation on theme: "Grade 5 Big Idea 7: Earth Systems and Patterns 2012-2013 Pacing Guide Topic XI Weather and Climate Activities Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Grade 5 Big Idea 7: Earth Systems and Patterns Pacing Guide Topic XI Weather and Climate Activities Mary Tweedy, Curriculum Support Specialist Keisha Kidd, Curriculum Support Specialist Millard Lightburn, Ph.D. District Science Supervisor Division of Mathematics and Science

3 Big Idea 7: Earth Systems and Patterns (Pacing Guide Topic XI SC.5.E Recognize how air temperature, barometric pressure, humidity, wind speed and direction, and precipitation determine the weather in a particular place and time. SC.5.E Distinguish among the various forms of precipitation (rain, snow, sleet, and hail), making connections to the weather in a particular place and time. SC.5.E Recognize that some of the weather-related differences, such as temperature and humidity, are found among different environments, such as swamps, deserts, and mountains. SC.5.E Describe characteristics (temperature and precipitation) of different climate zones as they relate to latitude, elevation, and proximity to bodies of water.

4 What is WEATHER? WEATHER WEATHER is the mix of events that happen each day in our atmosphere including temperature, rainfall and humidity.

5 What are the Building Blocks of Weather?Building Blocks of Weather Clouds Precipitationrecipitation Wind

6 What are the basic Cloud Types ?Cloud Types 1.Cumulus 2. Cirrus 3. Stratus 4. Cumulonimbus fair weather fluffy, white cotton ball clouds ice clouds thin, white clouds that can cover the whole sky producing little precipitation thunderstorm clouds

7 Stratus Clouds Low Level Clouds Stratus clouds often look like thin, white sheets covering the whole sky. Since they are so thin, they seldom produce much rain or snow. Sometimes, in the mountains or hills, these clouds appear to be fog.

8 Cumulus Clouds Mid Level Clouds Cumulus clouds are the fluffy, white cotton ball or cauliflower-looking clouds with sharp outlines. They are "fair weather clouds" and they are fun to watch as they grow and change in shape and size. Cumulus clouds make beautiful sunsets.

9 Cumulonimbus Mid Level Clouds Cumulonimbus clouds are a sure sign of bad weather to come. These clouds build up on hot days when warm, wet air rises very high into the sky. Up and down winds within the cloud may push water droplets up to very cold parts of the atmosphere, where they freeze. When the ice drops come back down, they get another coating of water and are pushed back up to freeze again. Finally, they get too heavy to stay in the cloud and fall to the Earth as hail.

10 Cirrus Clouds High Level Clouds Cirrus clouds are ice clouds. They can look like delicate white feathers or streamers. They are always more than three miles up where the temperature is below freezing, even in summer. Wind currents twist and spread the ice crystals into wispy strands.

11 Clouds in Art Activity Clouds in Art Activity Using the SCOOL Cloud Chart 1. Cumulus 2. Cirrus 3. Stratus 4. Cumulonimbus A.thunderstorm clouds B.ice clouds C.a. fair weather fluffy, white cotton ball clouds D.thin, white clouds that can cover the whole sky producing little precipitation Clouds Clouds Type Quiz: Match both Columns

12 CloudsClouds Type Quiz Answers 1. Cumulus 2. Cirrus 3. Stratus 4. Cumulonimbus C. fair weather fluffy, white cotton ball clouds B. ice clouds D. thin, white clouds that can cover the whole sky producing little precipitation A.thunderstorm clouds

13 What is Precipitation?Precipitation Forms of Precipitation Rain Snow Sleet Hail Weather Condition Rain falls when the water making up clouds has become heavy enough to fall to Earth. Snow form in clouds where the temperature is below freezing as ice crystals or groups of many ice crystals called snowflakes. Sleet forms when a partially melted snowflake that has traveled through a warm layer of air or raindrop fall through a freezing layer of air. This last layer causes the raindrop to freeze or the melted snowflake to refreeze.snowflakeraindrop Hail forms as a result of the strong updrafts common in thunderstorms usually in the summer.

14 What is Wind ? Wind Measuring Wind Direction – Build a Wind Vane:Build a Wind Vane Measuring Wind Speed - Build an anemometerBuild an anemometer Wind scale

15 What is air pressure ?air pressure Measuring air pressure – Build a barometerair pressure Build a barometer

16 Weather Stations Real Time Weather Observations 1. Temperature 2. Rain Fall 3. Wind Direction 4.Wind Speed 5.Air Pressure 6. Cloud Conditions Weather Tool to Use Thermometer Rain Gauge Wind Vane Anemometer Barometer Cloud Identification Chart.

17 Weather observations Weather observations & ToolsTools Observations temperature amount of precipitation air pressure humidity wind direction wind speed cloud conditions including type and altitude of clouds Recipe for Weather Instrument Quiz Tools thermometer rain gauge Barometer hygrometer wind vane anemometer & radar cloud classification charts

18 Working Like a Meteorologist Predicting & Reporting Weather Forecasting Symbols Forecasting Weather Weather Bug EdHeads Weather Weather Quiz

19 What are four types of Severe Weather? Owlie Skywarn's Weather BookSevere Weather Owlie Skywarn's Weather Book Thunderstorms Tornadoes Hurricanes Blizzards

20 Have you ever wondered … Why one area of the world is a desert or another a rainforest? Why are there different kinds of deserts and forests? Why some areas have seasons and others dont? The answer is climate.climate ClimateClimate is the average weather in an area over a long period of time (more than 30 years). It includes weather conditions, weather extremes, droughts, and rainy periods. The climate of an environment will determine what plants will grow and what animals will inhabit it.

21 What are the Three Main Climate Zones?

22 Temperate Climates Temperate climates have warm summers and cool winters with year-round rain or snow. Temperate forests are characterized by deciduous trees, which lose their leaves during the winter.

23 Polar Climates Polar climates are cold and dry, with long, dark winters. Average monthly temperature is below freezing (0° C, 32° F) for 8 to 10 months. Maximum summer temperature is no more than 10 °C (42° F). There are short burst of vegetation when snow melts that includes lichen, moss, some flowering plants. There are no trees.

24 Tropical Climates Tropical rainforests are found in regions near the equator. Here, the climate is hot and wet all year, with temperatures remaining at around 80–82ºF (27–28ºC). Rainforests: As the name suggests, rainforests receive a lot of rain. The temperature stays warm in the rainforest all year longRainforests

25 Climate Zones Climate 1.Polar 2.Temperate 3.Tropical Climate Conditions A.hot and wet all year B.very cold and dry all year C.mild to cold winters and mild to dry hot summers

26 What are Factors that Affect Climate Zones? Latitude or the distance of a place north or south of the equatorLatitude Elevation(altitude) or the distance of a place above sea level Proximity to water

27 Latitude Latitude or the distance of a place north or south of the equator, affects the temperatures that commonly occur in an area.Latitude As the Sun warms the equator more than the poles, climate varies with latitude. Temperatures are generally lower as your get farther from the equator (higher latitudes). This image shows how sea surface temperatures changes at different latitudes. Red colors indicate warmer ocean water, blues and purples indicate cooler ocean water.

28 Elevation Elevation or the distance of a place above sea level, affects an areas temperature. Temperatures generally decrease as elevation of land (mountains) increases – about 6.5º Celsius cooler for every kilometer you climb. As a result, areas at high elevations, such as tall mountains, are generally cooler than places closer to sea level.

29 MountainsMountains can also affect the amount of precipitation that an area on either side of a mountain receives called the rain shadow effect.rain shadow effect

30 How can nearness to water affect a climate?nearness to water Water temperature rises and falls much more slowly than land or air temperatures. This is why air at the shore or beach is generally cooler than air over land. In winter, the water is generally warmer than the air over the land. The water helps to keep air temperatures from changing a lot over land near the ocean. This makes for mild climates in shore areas.ocean Areas further inland generally have greater difference in temperature from summer to winter.

31 Comparing Climates at the Same Latitude Typical Winter San Diego 9º C 48ºF Phoenix 5º C 41ºF Typical Summer San Diego 24º C 75ºF Phoenix 41º C 106ºF 30° 45°

32 What is the biggest factor that influences weather and climate worldwide? Sun Its heat travels in all directions from the Sun and is the ultimate source of all energy on Earth and our seasons.Sun Its energy is responsible for all sorts of weather events. Wind occurs when sunlight heats the ground, which heats the air above it, which rises, so that cool air whisks in to take its place. The Suns Angle on Different Parts of the Earth

33 Discovery Exploration: Types of ClimatesTypes of Climates

34 Concept Review: Climate Why are climates different in different parts of the world? Climate* is affected by three factors: the elevation (structure) of the land, nearby bodies of water*, and the way the sun hits the Earth.Climatewater The way the sun hits the Earth determines the weather and the climate. Near the equator (0° latitude), the sun hits the Earth directly. This makes climates near the equator warm*. The sun hits the Earth less directly north and south of the equator. Climates north and south of the equator tend to be cooler.warm If a region is near a large body of water, the water helps to keep air temperatures from changing a lot over land near the ocean. This makes for mild climates in shore areas.ocean Regions at high elevations, such as tall mountains, are generally cooler than places closer to sea level. If a region is near a mountain range, the climate on one side of the mountains is usually different than the climate on the other side of the mountains. * Hyperlinks are from Discovery Education.

35 Concept Review: Types of Climates 1.What characterizes a polar climate? Answer: Polar* climates have cold temperatures. They can be either snowy or very dry.Polar 2. What characterizes a tropical climate? Answer: A tropical* climate is warm, and has wet air and a lot of precipitation.tropical 3. What characterizes a temperate climate? Answer: A temperate* climate has moderate precipitation and has a range of temperatures*.temperatetemperatures * Hyperlinks are from Discovery Education.

36 How Do Different Environments Climate Differ? EnvironmentHigh Temperature Low Temperature Precipitation Desert113 °F (45 °C) 32 °F (0 °C) Very dry - receives less than 25 cm (16 in) of rain each year TundraSummer °F Winter ° F (-° C) 30 to 85 cm Temperate Grassland Summer can be well over 38°C (100° F) Winter can be as low as -40° C (-40° F) 50.8 to 88.9 cm (20-35 inches) More rain than deserts, less rain than forests Tropical Rainforest 80–82ºF (27–28ºC) Very wet – receives 120 to 650 cm (-- in) of rain each year

37 Weather & Climate Resources Videos: kids/http://video.nationalgeographic.com/video/kids/forces-of-nature-kids/weather-101- kids/ 40+ free videos collected for weather, K-12 classroom use Air pressure act: NASA Our World: s%20weather%3F&category=1000&disp=gridhttp://www.nasa.gov/audience/foreducators/nasaeclips/search.html?terms=What%20i s%20weather%3F&category=1000&disp=grid Weather Quizzes: Weather quiz: Instruments quiz:

38 Making Weather Instruments Weather Stations: Barometer: ometer.htmlhttp://homepage.eircom.net/~kogrange/6th_ys_2009_pressure7_bar ometer.html Wind vane: Wind scale: Finding Cloud Charts:

39 Weather Sites for Kids education/exploration_zone.asp?focus=2http://weather.weatherbug.com/weather- education/exploration_zone.asp?focus= South Forida Real Time Weather: Miamis Weather Forecast

40 Discovery Education Resources Exploration: Types of ClimatesTypes of Climates Reading Passage: A Trip Through Two Climate ZonesA Trip Through Two Climate Zones eBook: A Trip to the TropicsA Trip to the Tropics


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