9 impacts to ALDOT O&M Pace of events has increased Severity of events has increasedPublic expectations have increased greatlyParticularly the degree of government response that is expectedCosts associated with events have risenImpact of recovery costs on maintenance budgets continues to increaseImpact of recovery effort on ability to perform regular operations has increasedEspecially due to compliance with debris removal requirementsHas forced Region, Division and District personnel to gain experience and develop expertise in administering recovery effortsImpacted infrastructure directly impacts ALDOT O&M
17 Changes to ALDOT O&M Emergency Management has become a full time job Was an additional duty for many yearsNow assigned to a full time staff memberAssistant Bureau Chief level – same as other maintenance functional areasImproved and strengthened relationship with State Emergency Management AgencyGreatly increased need for recurring training in Region/Divisions and DistrictsFocus on specific “smaller” solutionsPortable Highway Advisory Radios (HARs)Coordination across and between DivisionsLess specialized equipment
19 “Design” versus “Response” Designing a transportation system to cover all extreme events at every location where a failure may occur falls between:Impractical and wildly expensiveImpossible“Design vs. Response” decision is risk-basedQuantitative, formal process is sensitive to assumptions.Qualitative, informal process is influenced by past response performance.Alabama performed formal risk-based analysis with TSA. Only one asset in the entire state was identified as a candidate for design-based mitigation of risk.DOTs tend to perform well in response-modeMake use of that capability
20 Don’t Be Surprised by Anything Hurricane KatrinaFloating oil platform wedged under Cochrane Bridge, Mobile County
22 ALDOT O&M Best Practices Improved Program Management of Recovery EffortsERFEMAALDOT Internal processes for managing events and post-event auditsFull time Assistant Bureau Chief over Emergency ManagementIncreased focus on continuance of operationsRefined philosophy regarding response to an event versus designing for an eventRevised practices for removing trees from ROWUse of expedited procurement practices (Code of Alabama)Does not require Governor to issue a State of Emergency (SOE)
23 ALDOT O&M Best Practices Dissemination of Road Condition informationEveryday eventsLarge scale events (call center)Improved systems and practices for moving OS/OW traffic before, during and after an eventReduced need for waivers and proclamationsBetter communication within ALDOT during an eventVideo ConferencesPhone bridgesUse of portable video surveillance equipment (EarthCam)
24 Developed Contra-flow Plan Not as helpful as first expectedVery difficult to execute – must exercisePrepare to use it … but work like crazy to avoid it
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