Presentation on theme: "1 Socio-Economic Benefits Assessment on Weather Service in China Dr. LV Minghui Meeting of The WMO Forum: Social and Economic Applications and Benefits."— Presentation transcript:
1 Socio-Economic Benefits Assessment on Weather Service in China Dr. LV Minghui Meeting of The WMO Forum: Social and Economic Applications and Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services, 8-11 April 2013 China Meteorological Administration Public Meteorological Service centre
CONTENTS 1. Introduction 2. Benefits of public weather service 3. Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 4. Weather service benefit in disaster prevention and mitigation 5. Conclusion
1 Introduction Various Meteorological Disasters in China 34 million hectares farming land are hit by meteorological disasters per year. 600 million people afflicted by severe meteorological disasters, including droughts, rainstorms, floods and tropical cyclones. Benefits of Weather, Climate and Water Services in China the average annual death toll of meteorological disasters has decreased from about 4,500 people in the 1990s to about 2,500 people in the 21st century. the economic losses caused by meteorological disasters to GDP has decreased from 3%~6% in the 1980s to todays 1%~3%.
2 Ben efits of public weather service 1 The public can access public weather service by various media and communication meas. China has established modern platforms for information release. Example The publics expectation of public weather service during 2008 Beijing Olympics was fully satisfied. China Meteorological Administration enjoyed the best popularity of 27 state-level government bodies under the survey of public image conducted by Annual Report on Science Communication of China (2010-2011) and ranked second in terms of reputation, which also showed to some extent the publics positive opinion on meteorological department and its work.
2 Ben efits of public weather service 2 Benefits assessment of public weather service Survey data of Satisfaction of Public Weather Service in China from 2009 to 2012
2 Ben efits of public weather service 3 Based on the above surveys, meteorological department shall enhance the forecast accuracy and the construction of information release channels, launch public projects for meteorological knowledge popularization, and improve weather service products and the service quality, so as to provide better weather service for the public. Satisfaction Evaluation of Weather Forecast Accuracy, 2010-2012
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 1 The specialized weather service well demonstrates meteorologys value and significance as a production factor. The most common method adopted for benefits evaluation of specialized weather service is Delphi method.
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 2 Benefits assessment on weather service in road transportation. Economic Returns of Weather Service in Superhighway in 10 Provinces, 2009 Distribution of main superhighway-sensitive weather elements in seven provinces
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 3 In 2011, for further work assessment project for weather service benefits in road transportation. the contribution of weather service in road transportation was 1.09% and the economic returns at about 6.1 billion yuan. weather service contributed most in road transportation and operation, with contributions of 1.14% and 1.13% respectively, followed by emergency aids at 1.11%. Weather service contributed comparatively low in road maintenance and construction, with the contributions at only 1.07% and 1.02% respectively. Contribution ratios of meteorological services on provincial superhighways in 2011.
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 4 Benefits assessment on weather service in tourism. Economic Returns of Weather Service in Tourism in 13 Provinces, 2010Major Sensitive Weather Elements, Critical Values and Valid Forecast Period in Tourist Industry
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 5 Benefits assessment on weather service in electric power & wind power sectors. Economic Returns of Weather Service in Electric Power in 18 Provinces, 2010Major Sensitive Weather Elements, Critical Values and Valid Forecast Period in Electric Power Sector
3 Benefits of weather service for specific sectors 6 In 2011, for further work assessment project for weather service benefits in wind power. According to the assessment, the contribution of weather service in wind power sector was 1.85%, with the economic returns estimated at 885 million yuan. The contributions of weather service in distribution of wind-generated electricity, planning of wind power programs, drought fan maintenance and construction of wind farms were all higher than 1.85%. Weather service contributed least in the wind power generation at 1.62%. Major Sensitive Weather Elements, Critical Values and Valid Forecast Period in Wind Power Sector
4 benefit in disaster prevention and mitigation 1 Weather service system for agriculture and meteorological disaster prevention system in rural areas. Mechanism under governments guidance, linked up between departments and supported by all the members of society. Example No.11 severe typhoon named Haikui (Sea Anemone) struck land in Zhejiang Province in 2012, leaving 7,001,000 people affected, 1,546,000 people of whom were moved away from the afflicted areas. Not a single person died.
4 Benefit in disaster prevention and mitigation 2 Benefit assessment on weather monitoring and early warning for geological hazard prevention and control. Benefit assessment on weather monitoring and early warning for geological hazard prevention and control, 2012 Degree of Satisfaction in different groups Indexes for weather monitoring and early warning for geological hazard prevention and control
4 Benefit in disaster prevention and mitigation 3 The significant role of weathermen in disaster prevention and mitigation There are now nearly 500,000 weathermen working in rural areas in China. The network of weather early warning information has been expanded to more counties and villages. Measures taken by weathermen in disasters, 2011 Attention to meteorological disasters from weathermen
5 Conclusion Benefit assessment on weather service is an interdisciplinary issue. Therefore, more efforts shall be put into theoretical and methodological studies, with new assessment modes introduced, assessment content enriched and practicability of assessment enhanced, to improve benefit assessment on weather service. Through the assessment projects we have conducted for the benefit of weather service, we see both visible economic returns and other invisible benefits, such as social and humanitarian benefits and even positive influence on peoples psyche. Much of what weve done is still in an initial stage of qualitative assessment, which cannot fully demonstrate all the benefits weather service can generate. As weather service gets improving, it will bring more benefits for social and economic development.