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Types of Severe WEATHER and Fronts Objective: Can I use meteorological data to predict weather?

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Presentation on theme: "Types of Severe WEATHER and Fronts Objective: Can I use meteorological data to predict weather?"— Presentation transcript:

1 Types of Severe WEATHER and Fronts Objective: Can I use meteorological data to predict weather?

2 Weather A daily change in the condition of the atmosphere

3 Our Sun The sun provides the that is responsible for all of Earths weather

4 Types of weather

5 Severe weather

6 Tornado A severe storm that forms as rapidly rotating funnel cloud. The peak season in Tennessee is March – May

7 Tornadoes Only happen in 1% of all thunderstorms. Small, spinning column of air that has high wind speeds and low central pressure and that touches the ground. 3GVAhttp://youtu.be/3Qu9wR0 3GVA Formed from Cumulonimbus clouds

8 WEIRD SCIENCE People have reported seeing naked chickens after tornadoes strike rural areas. A likely explanation is that tornadoes cause chickens to shed their feathers, or molt. Chickens often molt when attacked. As the chickens molt, the strong tornadic winds blow their feather off.

9 Cool Facts About 75% of the worlds tornadoes occur in the US. Usually a tornado starts off as a white or gray cloud but if it stays around for a while, the dirt and debris it sucks up eventually turns it into black one. The United States have an average of 800 tornadoes every year. A Tornado in Oklahoma once destroyed a whole motel. People later found the motels sign in Arkansas.

10 Tropical Storms/Hurricanes Low pressure storm with high winds from the ocean

11 Categories of Hurricanes mph – minimal hurricane mph – moderate hurricane mph – extensive hurricane mph – extreme hurricane (Andrew) 5. >155 mph – catastrophic hurricane

12 Hurricanes Large, rotating tropical weather system. It begins as a group of thunderstorms moving over tropical ocean waters. The source of energy is the evaporation of ocean water. As the warm, moist air rises, the water vapor condenses and releases large amounts of energy. Catastrophic hurricane video:

13 Cool Facts: Hurricanes are the most powerful storms on Earth. In the Pacific Ocean, Hurricanes are generally known as typhoons. In the Indian Ocean they are called tropical cyclones. Hurricanes are the only weather disasters that have been given their own names. Hurricane season is from June to November when the seas are at their warmest and most humid, which are ripe conditions for a hurricane to develop.

14 Fronts The point where two air masses meet Causes change in weather

15 Warm Front Warm air mass Will rise over cool air mass and gradually replaces the cold air. Cause light rain followed by hot humid weather

16 A cold air mass Cold front will push under warm front Causes severe weather- heavy rains and thunderstorms Followed by cool weather Cold Front

17 Occluded Front Forms when a warm air mass is caught between two colder air masses. Has cool temperatures and large amounts of rain and snow.

18 Stationary Front Forms when a cold air mass meets a warm air mass. Both air masses do not have enough force to life the warm air mass over the cold. Days of cloudy, wet weather.

19 Review Questions

20 1.Can you show me a cold front on this map?

21 2. Can you find a warm front on this map?

22 3. Can you find the occluded front on this map?

23 4. Can you find the stationary front on this map?

24 5.What type of weather is the northeast having?

25 6. Sharon woke up on a sunny morning and ate breakfast. Then she looked outside and saw tall, quickly-forming clouds. The clouds looked ready to rain. When she turned on the TV, she saw just what she thought--a forecast for sudden rains. What most likely caused the change in weather?

26 Storm Chasers

27 Review:

28 1.What type of weather is the northeast having?

29 2. Sharon woke up on a sunny morning and ate breakfast. Then she looked outside and saw tall, quickly-forming clouds. The clouds looked ready to rain. When she turned on the TV, she saw just what she thought--a forecast for sudden rains. What most likely caused the change in weather?

30 3. If the wind was 135 mph what classification of hurricane would it be

31 4. Which of the following instruments measures air pressure? a. thermometer b. barometer c. anemometer d. windsock

32 5. On a summer evening, a barometer reading shows a gradual increase in air pressure. The humidity is 80%. The thermometer reading is slightly increasing. Based on these data, what type of weather should be expected for the next day? Why Clear and Sunny

33 6. A student observes a clear sky and a temperature reading of 35 Celsius at 8:00 a.m. What is the most likely prediction about the days weather? a. the day s weather will be cold c. the day s weather will be hot b. the day s weather will be rainy d. the day s weather will be snowy

34 7. A meteorologist used radar to analyze the wind during a storm in the central plains of the United States. The winds were measured at 145 miles per hour and were moving in a circular pattern. According to the data, which event was the meteorologist most likely observing? a. tornadoc. rainbow b. lightning stormd. cloud formation

35 8. The weather tonight will be dominated by air movement that is caused by air moving from areas of high to low pressure. This describes: a.Blizzard b.Warm front c.Tornado d.Wind

36 9. Next week, you can expect this warm air mass to meet this cold air mass over the southern part of the state and bring rain and snow. This best describes: a.Cold front b.Warm front c.Occluded front d.Stationary front

37 10. What type of weather will a warm front bring with it? a.Cold and sunny b. Cold and rainy c. Cold and snowy d. Sunny


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