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Practice Open-Ended Question (10 mins) Keeping Records at the Gas Station Juan has a part-time job at a gas station. Part of his responsibility is to keep.

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Presentation on theme: "Practice Open-Ended Question (10 mins) Keeping Records at the Gas Station Juan has a part-time job at a gas station. Part of his responsibility is to keep."— Presentation transcript:

1 Practice Open-Ended Question (10 mins) Keeping Records at the Gas Station Juan has a part-time job at a gas station. Part of his responsibility is to keep track of the sales of stock items. During one week last July he sold the following: 160 quarts of oil at an average price of $1.45 per quart 25 gallons of antifreeze at $6.50 per gallon 24 tires at an average price of $49.75 per tire 4 batteries at a total price of $140 various auto supply accessories at a total price of $ A.) What was the total income from the sale of all these items? B.) What percent of sales did the accessories represent? C.) If Juan received a 5% commission on total sales, and a salary of $100 a week, how much did Juan earn that week? D.) If Juan is offered another job for a salary of $150 a week without commission, should he quit his current job? Why or why not? Support your answer.

2 HSPA Prep Lesson 3 Operations on Matrices

3 row rows A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers. We subscript entries to tell their location in the array Matrices are identified by their size. Matrices and Row Operations

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5 Barnett/Ziegler/Byleen Finite Mathematics 11e 5 Example: Addition Solution Add the matrices Solution: First note that each matrix has dimensions of 3x3, so we are able to perform the addition. The result is shown at right: Adding corresponding entries, we have

6 6 Example: Subtraction Solution Now, we will subtract the same two matrices Subtract corresponding entries as follows: =

7 Matrix Addition Example:

8 Scalar Multiplication To do this, multiply each entry in the matrix by the number outside (called the scalar). This is like distributing a number to a polynomial.

9 Scalar Multiplication Example:

10 To add matrices, we add the corresponding elements. They must have the same dimensions. A + B

11 When a zero matrix is added to another matrix of the same dimension, that same matrix is obtained.

12 To subtract matrices, we subtract the corresponding elements. The matrices must have the same dimensions.

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14 ADDITIVE INVERSE OF A MATRIX:

15 Find the additive inverse:

16 Scalar Multiplication: We multiply each # inside our matrix by k.

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18 Barnett/Ziegler/Byleen Finite Mathematics 11e 18 Matrix Equations Example: Find a, b, c, and d so that Solution: Subtract the matrices on the left side: Use the definition of equality to change this matrix equation into 4 real number equations: a - 2 = 4b + 1 = 3c + 5 = -2d - 6 = 4 a = 6b = 2 c = -7d = 10

19 On your own:

20 Practice Open-Ended (10 mins) Discounts & Sales Tax Sports Authority is having a sale. Every item in the store is discounted, however the discounts vary throughout the store! 1.) An jacket in the womens clothing department is regularly priced at $60 and is on sale for $42. Determine the percent discount rate for this item. 2.) Find the total cost for a Nike tennis racket that is regularly priced at $125 and is on sale for 15% off. (*include a 6% sales tax.) 3.) If all of the sneakers are on sale at the % discount rate in #2, and the sales price for a pair of Nike sneakers is $85 (not including tax), what was the original price of the sneakers?


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