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1 Management and Sale of Local Authority Endowment Land Duncan Laing 7 November 2013 Local Authority Property Association Conference New Plymouth

2 Introduction What is endowment land? How to establish if land is endowment Sale of endowment land –Statutory requirements –Reconciling overlapping / conflicting statutory requirements –Managing expectations of interested parties Case study Junction Road

3 What is endowment land? A gift or bequest of property Includes statutory vesting (often by Crown) –Commonly derive income from land for application to a particular project or work Problem – inconsistent use of language to create trusts and endowments by Parliament

4 How to establish if land is endowment Current computer register – starting point only The current computer register will tell you: –Current owners –Area and legal description (but be careful) –Current memorials and interests (appurtenant and subject)

5 Current computer registers cntd… The current computer register should tell you: –Nature of tenure: fee simple, leasehold, cross lease, unit title or company share –Co-ownership –Limitations on title The current computer register will not tell you: –Former interests and memorials and past transactions –Former owners

6 Current computer registers cntd… The current computer register may not tell you about: –Purpose or status Always make additional checks

7 Resources for additional checks and what to look for Resources Historical Searches Titles, transfers, memorials Gazette notices Plans Legislation Deeds Index Archived historical material Institutional knowledge Minute books, reports, files Information held by others Lawyers, valuers, accredited agents?

8 Sale of Endowment Land Reconciling legislation Legislative Requireme nts Local Government Act 2002 (sections 140-141) Public Works Act 1981 (section 40) Local Legislation?

9 Local Government Act 2002 Sections 140 and 141 –Impose restrictions on the disposal of property vested in a local authority, including endowment land –Starting point = section 140(3) must retain endowment for the purpose for which it was vested –Section 140(4)(a) = Local Government Minister can approve additional or different purposes –Section 140(4)(b) = can sell or exchange and use proceeds for a different purpose unless vesting instrument expressly prohibits sale or exchange

10 Local Government Act 2002 cntd… Must establish the terms of the original vesting instrument to ascertain if sale is prohibited – requires research Section 141(1)(a) = any sale proceeds must be used for a purpose that is consistent with the purpose of the endowment If the Crown was the donor of endowment land, the Minister of Land Information and Minister in Charge of Treaty Negotiations must be notified of the proposed sale or exchange

11 Local Government Act 2002 cntd… Ministers not obliged to take any action and no power to stop sale or exchange or to direct how proceeds are allocated (section 141(2)) If the Crown was not the donor the Council must: –Make a reasonable attempt to notify donor or their successor of the intended sale or exchange; –Provide them with a reasonable opportunity to comment In the case of a reorganisation, proceeds applied to the new district or districts of which the former authority formed part

12 Public Works Act 1981 and Local Legislation Offer back obligation in section 40 – doesnt expressly exclude endowment land Many endowments result from Local Legislation specific to a particular endowment: –Vests the endowment land –Sets limitations and restrictions on management and sale –Wording used by Parliament not always clear or consistent –Specifically recognised in Waitara Leaseholders Association v New Plymouth District Council –LINZ inconsistencies

13 Waitara title examples

14 Waitara examples upon trust for missing Consistent

15 Reconciling legislation General principles of interpretation –Overlapping statutory provisions – try to give effect to each provision without creating conflict –If conflict cannot be avoided: –Must determine which of the conflicting provisions is dominant –Later in time may impliedly repeal earlier –But special provision usually prevails over general provision

16 Reconciling LGA and PWA requirements on sale Tasman District Council v The Proprietors of Wakatu Discussed relationship between LGA and PWA It was argued that section 40 PWA overrides sections 140-141 LGA Court held: –Section 140 of the LGA is a code imposing restrictions on disposal –Section 40 does not trump sections 140-141 Possible to give effect to both without conflict

17 Reconciling LGA and PWA cntd… Possible to follow requirements to exercise the power of sale in accordance with section 140-141 and also comply with section 40 and offer the land back to the donor (Crown or private party) or consider if exceptions to offer back apply Sections 140-141 are silent regarding who the purchaser of an endowed property may be, so no obvious direct conflict with the requirements of section 40 to offer back to a previous owner

18 Managing expectations of interested parties on disposal Who are interested parties? –Former owners (Crown or private parties) –Need to establish who an offer back (if necessary) might need to be made to –PWA offer backs can be made to the Crown –Acquisition history and analysis important –How and why did the Crown acquire the land –Current lessees – freeholding expectations? –Others?

19 Case study – Junction Road Vested in predecessor under Taranaki County Reserves Act 1966 as an endowment for County purposes –vested …in fee simple as an endowment for county purposes… Farm land subject to 25 registered ground leases –21 year perpetually renewable –PBLA leases Vast majority of lessees expressed an interest in free-holding

20 Junction Road cntd… LTCCP 2009-2019 Council resolved intention to sell fee simple interest subject to: –Compliance with statutory requirements (including sections 140- 141 LGA and section 40 PWA) –Compliance with Councils internal property sales policy

21 Junction Road cntd… Council resolved 2010 to approve sale to lessees with any land not sold in that manner to be sold on open market 24 of 25 lessees purchased Acquisition history –Land originally confiscated from Maori owners by Crown in 1865 under New Zealand Settlements Act 1863 to quell rebellion and facilitate settlement

22 Junction Road cntd… –First public works activity when identified as a reserve for the improvement of roads under Taranaki Waste Lands Act 1874 –Vested in Taranaki County Council by Crown by Taranaki County Reserves Act 1877 (TCRA) for a public work (an income stream to fund the improvement of the junction road)

23 Junction Road cntd… Section 40 PWA conclusions –Unlikely any of the offer back exceptions would apply –Originally acquired by the Crown as waste land rather than a public work –Successors to former Maori owners not entitled to an offer back –Last owner of land before acquired for a public work was Crown so Crown potentially entitled to an offer back –However, definition of public work at time of transfer to local authority narrower than now and required positive activity –Income generation not a public work at that time so Crown not entitled to an offer back

24 Junction Road cntd… Sections 140-141 No prohibition on sale in the TCRA –Notification given to Minister for Land Information and Minister in Charge of Treaty of Waitangi Negotiations that the intention to sell was included in the LTCCP –No set form of notification or timeframe in LGA –No obligation on Ministers to respond - Ministers confirmed they had no issue with freeholding

25 Junction Road cntd… Use of proceeds of sale –Section 4 of TCRA –sets out how income from the endowment land is applied –Clear emphasis in section on rental income rather than being wide enough to cover sale proceeds –Does not contemplate sale so does not specifically apply to the proceeds of sale

26 Junction Road cntd… Section 141(1)(a) LGA requires use of sale proceeds to be consistent with purpose of the endowment Clearest evidence of purpose is section 4 TCRA Purposes (sequential) Firstly, maintenance and improvement of that part of Junction Road located within the boundaries of Taranaki County and Inglewood County Secondly, surplus applied to other road works in respective counties

27 Junction Road cntd Authorised to apply proceeds to periphery roads in vicinity of Junction Road (ie same geographical area of original counties) Section 141(3) - does not apply retrospectively to reorganisations prior to LGA 02 coming in to force Inappropriate to apply proceeds to road works in wider New Plymouth District No ability to apply any proceeds to parts of Junction Road located outside New Plymouth District because TCRA limits application to road works within Inglewood and Taranaki Counties

28 Junction Road cntd… Also need to consider section 10 of LGA 02 (subject to relevant terms of the TCRA, LGA 02 and LGA 74) Ensure that the application of funds comes within the scope of the purpose statement in section 10(b): to meet the current and future needs of communities for good quality local infrastructure, local public services and performance of regulatory functions in a way which is most cost-effective for households and businesses

29 Questions

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