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Whose electronic library is it, anyway? Christine Roysdon and Brian Simboli Lehigh University.

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Presentation on theme: "Whose electronic library is it, anyway? Christine Roysdon and Brian Simboli Lehigh University."— Presentation transcript:

1 Whose electronic library is it, anyway? Christine Roysdon and Brian Simboli Lehigh University

2 Lehigh in 1878 Late 19 th century book buying adventures Late 19 th century book buying adventures Demonstrated that Lehigh intended to be elite institution, with rare literature, history, science works Demonstrated that Lehigh intended to be elite institution, with rare literature, history, science works

3 Among the early acquisitions…

4 100 years later (around 1978)… Overall size of the journal collection Overall size of the journal collection Esoteric titles, languages Esoteric titles, languages Depth and age – rarity, complete runs Depth and age – rarity, complete runs Number of current subscriptions Number of current subscriptions Symbol of institutions research strength Symbol of institutions research strength

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7 Whose subscription list is this, anyway?

8 Price increases continue to diminish our subscription resources Library type 2002 % increase 2003 2004 2005 01-05 ARL7.76%8.67%9.83%8.44% 39.46 % College & University 7.86%8.56%9.33%7.91% 38.15 %

9 Price per download 2004, Tetrahedron letters: $11,017/729 2004, Tetrahedron letters: $11,017/729 Cost per download = $15.12 2004, Organic letters: $3121/982 2004, Organic letters: $3121/982 Cost per download = $3.17

10 Ten things you can do to help in the scholarly communication crisis, NCSU, 1992 Send a signal to publishers by protesting current pricing policies. Send a signal to publishers by protesting current pricing policies. Resign from the editorial boards of journals published by companies that practice exorbitant pricing. Resign from the editorial boards of journals published by companies that practice exorbitant pricing. Educate colleagues in professional societies about the hidden danger in contracting with commercial publishers to publish society journals, which often results in higher subscription prices for libraries. Educate colleagues in professional societies about the hidden danger in contracting with commercial publishers to publish society journals, which often results in higher subscription prices for libraries.

11 Ten things you can do to help in the scholarly communication crisis, NCSU, 1992 Encourage your professional associations and societies to resist the temptation to raise prices based on the models of commercial publishers. Encourage your professional associations and societies to resist the temptation to raise prices based on the models of commercial publishers. Encourage university presses to undertake the publication of scholarly, refereed journals. Encourage university presses to undertake the publication of scholarly, refereed journals. When submitting an article to a journal, consider the journals pricing policies and select the one with the fairest prices. When submitting an article to a journal, consider the journals pricing policies and select the one with the fairest prices.

12 Cancellations continue…

13 Once there was one:

14 In 2005: Nature Nature Nature Nature Biotechnology Nature Biotechnology Nature Biotechnology Nature Biotechnology Nature Cell Biology Nature Cell Biology Nature Cell Biology Nature Cell Biology Nature Chemical Biology Nature Chemical Biology Nature Chemical Biology Nature Chemical Biology Nature Clinical Practice journals Nature Clinical Practice journals Nature Clinical Practice journals Nature Clinical Practice journals Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine Nature Clinical Practice Cardiovascular Medicine Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology Nature Clinical Practice Gastroenterology and Hepatology Nature Clinical Practice Oncology Nature Clinical Practice Oncology Nature Clinical Practice Oncology Nature Clinical Practice Oncology Nature Clinical Practice Urology Nature Clinical Practice Urology Nature Clinical Practice Urology Nature Clinical Practice Urology Nature Genetics Nature Genetics Nature Genetics Nature Genetics Nature Immunology Nature Immunology Nature Immunology Nature Immunology Nature Materials Nature Materials Nature Materials Nature Materials Nature Medicine Nature Medicine Nature Methods Nature Methods Nature Neuroscience Nature Neuroscience Nature Physics Nature Physics Nature Structural and Molecular Biology Nature Structural and Molecular Biology Nature Reviews journals Nature Reviews journals Nature Reviews Cancer Nature Reviews Cancer Nature Reviews Drug Discovery Nature Reviews Drug Discovery Nature Reviews Genetics Nature Reviews Genetics Nature Reviews Immunology Nature Reviews Immunology Nature Reviews Microbiology Nature Reviews Microbiology Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology Nature Reviews Molecular Cell Biology Nature Reviews Neuroscience Nature Reviews Neuroscience

15 Whos subscription list is it, anyway? Diminished in size and variety Diminished in size and variety Driven by immediate needs, as evidenced by usage statistics, faculty surveys, and citation data Driven by immediate needs, as evidenced by usage statistics, faculty surveys, and citation data

16 Generic journal collections

17 Content can be found elsewhere Nature of roll to spiral-defect-chaos transition X Li, H Xi, JD Gunton - Physical Review E, 1998 - link.aps.org Xiao-jun Li 1, Hao-wen Xi 2, and JD Gunton 1 1 Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 2 Department of Physics and Astronomy... Nature of roll to spiral-defect-chaos transition X Li, H Xi, JD Gunton - Physical Review E, 1998 - link.aps.org Xiao-jun Li 1, Hao-wen Xi 2, and JD Gunton 1 1 Department of Physics, Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania 18015 2 Department of Physics and Astronomy... Nature of roll to spiral-defect-chaos transition Nature of roll to spiral-defect-chaos transition Cited by 75 - Web Search - arxiv.org - lehigh.edu - adsabs.harvard.edu - all 5 versions » Cited by 75 - Web Search - arxiv.org - lehigh.edu - adsabs.harvard.edu - all 5 versions » Cited by 75Web Searcharxiv.org lehigh.eduadsabs.harvard.eduall 5 versions » Cited by 75Web Searcharxiv.org lehigh.eduadsabs.harvard.eduall 5 versions »

18 Whose (electronic)subscription list is it, anyway? No longer perceived as a front end of a long-term collection– present is disconnected from the past No longer perceived as a front end of a long-term collection– present is disconnected from the past Diminished in size and variety by journal inflation Diminished in size and variety by journal inflation Strategic and opportunistic -- driven by immediate needs Strategic and opportunistic -- driven by immediate needs Significant component of generic packaged content, rather than a distinctive, cultivated set of titles Significant component of generic packaged content, rather than a distinctive, cultivated set of titles Subscription content can often be found elsewhere -- easily Subscription content can often be found elsewhere -- easily

19 Whose electronic archives are they, anyway?

20 Archives issue Clearly the whole underpinnings of libraries and culture are at stake depending on the outcomes of the archiving dialogs that are in place now and will surely outlast our lifetimes Clearly the whole underpinnings of libraries and culture are at stake depending on the outcomes of the archiving dialogs that are in place now and will surely outlast our lifetimes Ann Okerson, Yale, 1997

21 Lehigh policy for eonly conversion, 2001 Rights to archived materials for which we had paid electronic access fees Rights to archived materials for which we had paid electronic access fees Journal archive would be preserved through distributed backups and distributed archives Journal archive would be preserved through distributed backups and distributed archives Access to archives in the event of discontinuation, sale, repackaging, or cessation. Access to archives in the event of discontinuation, sale, repackaging, or cessation. Has been violated continuously!! Has been violated continuously!!

22 Drexel, 2005 Another factor contributing to our decision to go electronic was the belief…that, in the electronic environment, preservation should no longer be the responsibility of many individual libraries. The model that makes sense in this new order is for a mix of organizations with national and international scope to step forward and assume archiving roles. This is, in fact, happening… Another factor contributing to our decision to go electronic was the belief…that, in the electronic environment, preservation should no longer be the responsibility of many individual libraries. The model that makes sense in this new order is for a mix of organizations with national and international scope to step forward and assume archiving roles. This is, in fact, happening…

23 Best case, electronic archives JSTOR JSTOR ACS, AIP ACS, AIP Highwire Highwire Euclid Euclid

24 The instability of archives Institutions that cancel punished with loss of paid backfile Institutions that cancel punished with loss of paid backfile Publisher mergers, lost titles Publisher mergers, lost titles Rolling/broken off backfiles Rolling/broken off backfiles Electronic journal archiving must be approached in an opportunistic, strategic way Electronic journal archiving must be approached in an opportunistic, strategic way

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26 Accidental vs. intentional preservation Accidental preservation occurs with print Accidental preservation occurs with print There is no accidental preservation in the electronic library There is no accidental preservation in the electronic library

27 The return of accidental preservation

28 Urgent Action Needed to Preserve Scholarly Electronic Journals Preservation of electronic journals is a kind of insurance Preservation of electronic journals is a kind of insurance Qualified preservation archives would provide a minimal set of well-defined services Qualified preservation archives would provide a minimal set of well-defined services Libraries must invest in a qualified archiving solution Libraries must invest in a qualified archiving solution Research and academic libraries and associated academic institutions must effectively demand archival deposit by publishers as a condition of licensing electronic journals Research and academic libraries and associated academic institutions must effectively demand archival deposit by publishers as a condition of licensing electronic journals Statement endorsed by ARL, October 31, 2005

29 Whose electronic library will it be? Local digital library infrastructure Local digital library infrastructure Metadata knowledge and project experience Metadata knowledge and project experience Expertise can be directed to new publications and to archives Expertise can be directed to new publications and to archives


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