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Sales and Use Tax Erica Fernandez UC Merced Tax Manager 1.

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Presentation on theme: "Sales and Use Tax Erica Fernandez UC Merced Tax Manager 1."— Presentation transcript:

1 Sales and Use Tax Erica Fernandez UC Merced Tax Manager 1

2 Sales vs. Use Tax Sales tax – Imposed on every retailer (seller/merchant) for the privilege of making retail sales of tangible personal property (TPP) in California Use tax – Imposed on the purchaser for the storage, use or consumption of TPP in California 2

3 Tangible Personal Property TPP is personal property which can be – Seen, weighed, measured, felt, touched etc. Non-TPP property includes – Real property (land) – Intangible property (e.g. goodwill) – Property rights (e.g. licensing of trademarks or software if no TPP is transferred) 3

4 Tax Compliance as a Purchaser Determine and pay the proper amount of sales and/or use tax due Essentials for good tax decisions – What is UC Merceds sales and use tax obligation? – What is the item being purchased and for what use? – What are the available exemptions? – What is the taxable sales price? 4

5 Sales & Use Tax Obligation CA Vendors vs. Out-of-State Vendor Two classifications of sellers: CA retailers (generally SALES tax) Sellers of TPP with business locations in California Out-of-state retailers (generally USE tax) Sellers physically located outside California May be registered to collect CA tax based on nexus with CA (physical presence through employees, warehouse, etc.) If out-of-state vendor charges tax, confirm CA sellers permit number 5

6 Sales and Use Tax Obligation California vs. Out-of-State Vendor (cont) The purchase of TPP from a retailer (not registered to collect CA taxes) for use in CA is subject to use tax Identifying use tax transactions: Vendor has non-CA address Invoice is for tangible property Charge for shipping indicating something was shipped Note – purchases from other states or their instrumentalities, including state universities are not subject to sales and use tax. 6

7 Common Scenarios Example #1: UCM and Vendor are in the same State – What tax is applicable? – Who has the obligation to report? Example #2: UC Merced and Vendor are in different States – What is applicable? – Who has the obligations to report? Example #3: Property shipped to a different state (e.g. New Mexico) – Is California tax applicable? – If yes, what tax and who has the obligation? – Is New Mexico tax applicable? 7

8 Property Being Purchased Keys to accurate tax decisions include: – What is the item being purchased? – How will the item be used (e.g. will it be resold?) – Does the purchase include services (e.g. repair or installation)? 8

9 Taxable Gross Receipts (Sales Price) General rule – sales price (gross receipts) is subject to tax unless an exemption applies. Gross Receipts exclude: – Cash discounts, amounts charged for returned merchandise (Note that the value of a trade-in does not reduce the sales price) – Price for labor and services for installing property – Separately stated charges for transportation (retailer to customer) – Some taxes (federal retailer or consumer tax, local sales and use tax) – Intangible property under a technology transfer agreement. 9

10 Exemptions Common exemptions include – Property shipped outside of California – Purchase for resale – Services and labor unrelated to the sale of TPP – Freight / Shipping – Software delivered electronically – Original works of art – Occasional sales – Newspapers and periodicals – Printed sales messages – Prescription medicines 10

11 Common Exemptions – Property Shipped Outside of California Property purchase for use outside of California is not subject to California use tax Keys to indentifying property for use outside California – Shippers to location on invoice is outside of California – Information on purchase order A copy of the shipping documents or other support should be retained to document out-of-state shipment. 11

12 Common Exemptions – Purchase for Resale Property purchased for resale is excluded from the definition of retail sale and is therefore exempt. A resale certificate should be issued to the vendor. This transfers the liability for the collection and remittance of sales tax from the vendor to UC Merced. Resale certificates are issued by Tax Services, please email 12

13 Common Exemption – Services / Labor Services where no TPP is transferred, or where the transfer of TPP is incidental, are exempt. – Professional services such as accounting, medical, legal etc. Labor unrelated to the sale of TPP is exempt – Repairs – Installations Labor related to the sale of TPP is taxable – Fabrication – creating TPP – Assembly – changes for assembling new products 13

14 Common Exemptions – Shipping / Freight Shipping / freight charges are exempt if: Separately stated on the invoice Delivery is by common carrier Note that handling charges are taxable (unless the transaction is exempt) If shipping and handling charges are combined, the combined charge is taxable. However, if the vendor has not assessed tax, and UCM needs to accrue it: 80% of the combined charge can be allocated to shipping and 20% to handling Use tax should be accrued on the 20% allocated to handling 14

15 Common Exemption - Software Canned (off-the-shelf) software is exempt if it is delivered electronically and no tangible property is shipped – Shipping / handling charges on the invoice indicate that TPP (such as DVD) was shipped) Custom software (developed specifically for the user) – More than 50% custom – exempt – Less than 50% custom – partially exempt 15

16 Common Exemption – newspapers and Periodicals Newspapers and periodicals are exempt if the publication are: – Regularly issued at stated intervals – more than 3 time but less than 60 times per year and are – Distributed without charge An exemption certificate should be issued to the vendor – see Tax Services 16

17 Common Exemptions – Occasional Sales A sale by (and purchase from) a person who is not engaged in business and not required to hold a California sellers permit is exempt if the seller makes less than 3 sales of TPP in a 12-month period An affidavit signed by the seller and approved by Tax Services is required. 17

18 Common Exemptions – Printed Sales Messages Printed sales messages are exempt if the printed material: – Advertises a good or service – Is delivered directly to the user by the vendor or mailing house, by common carrier or mail, at no cost to the user Examples are Medical Center pamphlets regarding medical services or UNEX postcards regarding course announcements. An exemption certificate should be issued to the vendor – contact Tax Services 18

19 Common Exemptions – Original Works of Arts An original work of art purchased for display in a museum or public place – Must be TPP which is created as a unique object – Includes visual arts, crafts and mixed media – Must be purchased for display in a museum or other place which is open to the public without charge for at least 20 hours per week, and for at least 35 weeks of the calendar year. Example – original artwork purchased by the Fowler Museum for display 19

20 Maintenance Contracts Hardware – parts / materials / services etc. – Mandatory contract (required to purchase as a condition of sale of the property) is taxable – Optional (not required to purchase as a condition of sale of the property Exempt Change must be separately stated Canned software – updates / upgrades / fixes etc. – Mandatory – exempt only if both original software and maintenance is delivered electronically – Optional 50% exempt if with TPP 100% exempt if no TPP 20

21 Medicine Exempt medicine means any substance or preparation intended for use by external or internal application to the human body – Must be used for the diagnosis, cure, mitigation, treatment or prevention of disease – Commonly recognized as intended for that use – Must be prescribed or – Furnished by a health care facility 21

22 Medicine (cont.) Medical laboratory items - taxable Animals for research Liquids Exempt medicine Prescription medicine Implants Medical gases (used for patient treatment) Gases Vitamins (supplements) Generally taxable unless furnished under qualifying criteria 22

23 Measure C District Tax – UCM Purchases Generally vendors are required to collect district taxes only in districts where they do business If TPP is purchased from a California vendor who is not required to collect City of Merced district tax (0.50%), the vendor charges the 8.25% state-wide rate. – Accrue the 0.50% difference (8.75% minus 8.25%) If TPP is purchased at a lower district rate (e.g. in Atwater where the rate is 8.25%) for use in Fresno – Accrue the 0.725% difference (8.975 minus 8.25%) 23

24 Miscellaneous Fees and Charges Fully taxable, partially taxable or exempt depending on the taxability of the items(s) purchased – Dry ice – Hazardous material charge – Heat surcharge – Ice surcharge – Fuel surcharge – Packaging and handling Not taxable – E-Waste recycling fee – Insurance – UPS and Fed Ex delivery charges 24

25 Where to Go for Help Websites: – - UCM Tax Portal – – UCLA Tax Portal – Sales and Use Tax at UCLA – – State Board of Equalization UC Sales & Use Tax Manual UC AMC T-182-73 Emails and Telephone Numbers Tax Contacts: – Jennifer Chhoeung for Accounts Payable 310-794-0317 – All other transactions: Erica Fernandez– 25

26 Sales & Use Tax Case Studies 26

27 Case Study 1 The Math Department received the following invoice from Computer Corporation in Kansas: Notebook computer $ 996 Consulting services 200 Shipping and Handling 20 CA sales tax 0 Total $ 1,216 1.What is the total non-taxable amount (before shipping and handling)? 2.Does an exemption apply? If so, which one? 3.What amounts should be entered on the P-card screen and where? 4.What is the tax due on this invoice? 27

28 Solution to Case Study 1 1.The total non-taxable amount before shipping and handling is $200 (for consulting services) 2.The exemption for services where no TPP is provided applies 3.Entries on P-Card screen: Enter $20 in the box labeled Enter shipping / handling charge if it is combined Enter $200 in the box labeled Enter Total Non-Taxable Amount Select the code for exempt services from the drop-down list in the box labeled Exempt Reason 28

29 Solution to Case Study 1 (cont.) 4. The tax due is calculated as follows: Notebook computer $ 996 Consulting services 0 Shipping and Handling (20%) 4 Total subject to tax $1,000 Tax rate 8.25% Total tax $ 82.50 29

30 Case Study 2 The Events Office purchased canned (off-the-shelf) software from a vendor in Texas to track the number of film permits issued annually. The software was delivered via CD and installed on the Departments server. The purchase includes mandatory maintenance (i.e. upgrades, updates and fixes) to be delivered electronically over the period of the contract. The following invoice was received: Software 800 Maintenance (1/1/11 – 12/31/11) 200 Shipping 10 CA sales tax 0 Total $ 1,010 1.What is the total non-taxable amount (before shipping and handling)? 2.Does an exemption apply? If so, which one? 3.What is the tax due on this invoice? 4.How would your answers to questions 1-3 change if the software was delivered electronically? 30

31 Solution to Case Study 2 1.The total non-taxable amount (before shipping and handling) is $0 2.No exemption applies to the software since it was delivered via media (CD). Although the maintenance is delivered electronically, no exemption applies because the original software is taxable (mandatory maintenance is considered to be a part of the sale of the original software. If the software is taxable, the mandatory maintenance is taxable) 3.The taxable amount is $1,000 ($800 + $200) and the tax due is $82.50 ($1,000 X 8.25%) 4.If both the software and the mandatory maintenance are delivered electronically, both are exempt. The total non- taxable amount (before shipping and handling) would be $1,000. No tax would be due. 31

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