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Iron Age central and northern Europe: Hallstatt, La Tène and the Celts.

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Presentation on theme: "Iron Age central and northern Europe: Hallstatt, La Tène and the Celts."— Presentation transcript:

1 Iron Age central and northern Europe: Hallstatt, La Tène and the Celts

2 Sites Some sites are: La Tène, Marin-Epagnier Bern, Engehalbinsel: oppidumpidu Jolimontmont Manching: oppidumManching Mormont Münsingen, burial fieldngen, bud PetinescaPetine Basel oppidum Bibracte, oppidum of the Aedui at Mont Beuvray in BurgundyBibractum of then Burgund Erstfeld hoard hoard Hochdorf Chieftain's GraveHochdo Grave Bopfingen: Viereckschanze, a characteristic rectangular enclosureB a ch Fellbach-Schmiden, near Stuttgart: Viereckschanze; ritual objects recovered from a wellFellbach-Schmtgart: Viereckschanze; rita well Kleinaspergle: elite graves of La Tène IKl Waldalgesheim: an elite chariot burial, 4th centuryriot burial, 4th Glauberg, oppidum and elite graves Dürrnberg near Hallein: Burial field and earthworks of late Hallstatt–early La Tènehworks of lat Donnersberg: oppidumpidum Vill near Innsbruck: remains of dwellingsVill ne Sandberg Celtic city near Platt and Roseldorf in Lower Austriaity nearia Vix/Mont Lassois: oppidum and elaborate gravesVix/Moidum an Titelberg: oppidum in Luxembourg Reinheim: Tomb of a princess/priestess with burial gifts a princess [edit]dit]

3 ArtiArtifacts Vix krater Some outstanding La Tène artifacts are:ing La Tène artifact "Strettweg Cart" (7th century BCE), found in southeast Austria, a four-wheeled cart with a goddess, riders with axes and shields, attendants and stags. (Landesmuseum Johanneum, Graz, Austria)th ce, found iustria, a fou with a goddess,tags. (LaGraz, Aust A woman in Vix (Châtillon-sur-Seine, Burgundy) buried with a 1100 litre (290 gallon) bronze Greek vase, the largest ever found.n in Vix(290vase, The silver "Gundestrup cauldron" (3rd or 2nd century BCE), found ritually broken in a peat bog near Gundestrup, Denmark, but probably made near the Black Sea, perhaps in Thrace. (National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen)en in aonal Museum of Denmark "Battersea Shield" (350-50 BCE), found in the Thames, made of bronze with red enamel. (British Museum, London) Shin tames, made of bronzritish M "Witham Shield" (4th century BCE). (British Museum, London) [1] [2]ish Museum "Chertsey Shield (400-200 BCE). (British Museum, London) [3]. (British Museum, "Turoe stone" in Galway, Ireland Chariot burial found at Waldalgesheim, Bad Kreuznach, Germany, late 4th century BCE. (Bonn: Rheinisches Landesmuseum)ermany,sches Lan Chariot burial found at La Gorge Meillet (St-Germain-en-Laye: Musée des Antiquités Nationales).ial fo Gorge Meillet (St-Germainés Nationa A life-sized sculpture of a warrior that accompanied the Glauberg burials.sized sculpture rials. A gold-and-bronze model of an oak tree (3rd century BCE) found at the Oppidum of Manching.ak trentury BCE) foum of M Noric steel [[edit] Notes

4 Halstatt Culture http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/4/48/Hallstatt_culture.png

5 Lake Hallstatt http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:1053_-_Hallstätter_See.JPG

6 Drawing of Hallstatt grave goods http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hallstatt_culture_ramsauer.jpg

7 Hallstatt bronze tool http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/5/56/Rasoir_Acy-Romance.jpg

8 Hallstatt amber necklace http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Magdalenenberg_collier.jpg

9 Hallstatt and La Tene cultures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hallstatt.png

10 Hallstatt (yellow) and later La Tène (green) cultures http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hallstatt_LaTene.png

11 Glauberg Archaeological site of Glauberg

12 Reconstructed mound 1 at Glauberg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Glauberg_mound1.JPG

13 The site and associated burials http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Glauberg_plan.jpg

14 Approach to the mound http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

15 Processional route (10m wide) http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

16 Reconstruction of the mound and route http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

17 Offerings in grave 1 http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

18 Cremation in grave 2 http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

19 Celtic prince of Glauberg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Keltenfürst_Glauberg.jpg

20 Glauberg Prince (186cm) http://www.keltenfuerst.de/index_1.htm

21 Sites with rich burials http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/vixfr.htm#Krater Hochdorf

22 Hochdorf mound http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Keltengrabhuegel_Hochdorf.jpg

23 The burial mound http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/ho_hgl.jpg

24 How it looked before the burial with workshops http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/h_grh1.gif

25 The timber and log chamber http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/h_grh4.gif

26 Reconstruction of the grave and its contents http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/h_grh6.gif

27 The wagon http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/wagen_f.html

28 Reconstruction of grave of Hochdorf chieftan http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hochdorf_keltenmuseum0815.jpg drinking horns hang on the wall

29 Gold decoration of his shoes http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hochdorf_golden_shoes_ornaments.jpg

30 His dagger with gold foil sheath File:Hochdorf dagger with gold foil.jpg

31 Drinking horn with gold decoration http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hochdorf_drinking_horn.jpg

32 Sites of rich burials www2.iath.virginia.edu/.../ Vix/Vix_main.html

33 Copy of Hirschlanden warrior http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mann_Von_Hirschlanden.jpg

34 Glauberg Archaeological sites around Stuttgart Stuttgart

35 Lindele stele (123cm) http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/Barbarians/Sites/Hirschlanden/Hirschlanden_main.html

36 Statue (162cm) from Stammheim http://www2.iath.virginia.edu/Barbarians/Sites/Hirschlanden/Hirschlanden_main.html

37 http://aal.au.dk/fileadmin/www.aal.au.dk/globalisering/nyheder_og_stillinger/papers___documents/osen.pdf

38 Lake Neuchatel http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Lac_de_neuchatel.jpg

39 The archaeological site http://www.edunet.ch/classes/marin/la_tene.htm

40 Hallstatt (yellow) and Celtic (green) http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1f/Celts_in_Europe.png

41 Sites with rich burials http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/vixfr.htm#Krater

42 Mont Lassois where Vix Crater was found http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/lassois2.jpg

43 Trade routes by land, sea and river http://www.tresordevix.org/history_en.html

44 Sites near Vix with rich burials http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/vixfr.htm#Situation%20g%E9ographique

45 Plan of the site with a large building palace http://www2.cnrs.fr/presse/communique/1160.htm

46 Vix crater http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Cratère_de_Vix_0023.jpg

47 Reconstruction of the princess tomb http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/grab.jpg

48 Vix chariot http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/karre.jpg

49 Her gold torque http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/torque2.jpg

50 Detail of the torque: winged Pegasus http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/torque1.jpg

51 Gold fibulae http://home.bawue.de/~wmwerner/hochdorf/h_fibel1.jpg

52 Cup made in Athens found in the grave http://www.gzg.fn.bw.schule.de/heunebg/vix/bilder/schale2.jpg

53 Celts http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Celts_in_Europe.png


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