Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

The 5 Rights of Intraosseous Vascular Access T-430 Rev, F Linda Arapian RN MSN MCFRS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "The 5 Rights of Intraosseous Vascular Access T-430 Rev, F Linda Arapian RN MSN MCFRS."— Presentation transcript:

1 The 5 Rights of Intraosseous Vascular Access T-430 Rev, F Linda Arapian RN MSN MCFRS

2 The 5 Rights of the EZ-IO 1. The Right Site 2. The Right Needle 3. The Right Pain Management 4. The Right Flush 5. The Right Amount of Pressure T-430 Rev, G

3 Who Needs an IO? For adults and pediatrics anytime in which vascular access is difficult to obtain in emergent, urgent or medically necessary cases. T-430 Rev, G

4 Maryland Medical Protocols July 2011 INDICATIONS FOR IO –Cardiac arrest, OR –Profound hypovolemia, OR –No available vascular access, or following two unsuccessful peripheral IV attempts for patients with..life-threatening illness or injury requiring immediate pharmacological or volume intervention, OR -In pediatric patients in cardiac arrest, go directly to IO if no peripheral sites are obvious and without having to attempt peripheral access

5 Contraindications Fracture to the targeted bone Previous orthopedic procedure to targeted limb –Prosthetic limb or joint IO within the past 48 hours in the targeted bone Infection at the insertion site Inability to locate landmarks or excessive tissue T 430 Rev G

6 Maryland Medical Protocols July 2011 Contraindications ADDITIONAL Contraindications for IO placement: Conscious patient with stable vital signs Peripheral access readily available

7 Thousands of small veins lead from the medullary space to the central circulation. T-430 Rev, G Anatomy of Intraosseous Access

8 The Right Flush The IO space is filled with a thick fibrin mesh The medullary space must be pressure flushed to obtain maximum flow rates 10ml of normal saline is required for initial bolus Flush must overcome initial resistance felt with bolus administration More than one flush may be required to achieve maximum flow rate T-430 Rev, F

9 The Right Site Site selection is dependent upon: Absence of contraindications Accessibility of the site Ability to monitor and secure the site NOTE: Sternum is NOT a site T-430 Rev, G

10 Maryland Medical Protocols July 2011 Acceptable Sites Manual placement Under 6yo – proximal tibia site Over 6 yo – distal tibia site Mechanical Placement 3-39 Kg- proximal tibia > 40 Kg- adult needle in proximal tibia > 40 Kg- adult needle in distal tibia (needle length) > 40 Kg - use proximal humerus if lower extremity not available - proximal humerus not approved < 40 Kg

11 Confirm and Clean Insertion Site T-430 Rev, G

12 Length and color are the only differences between Needle Sets 25 mm/15g45 mm/15g 5 mm mark or black line 15 mm/15g T-430 Rev, G 15 gauge Three Needle Sets

13 The Right Needle Selection based on: Needle Length (15 mm, 25 mm, and 45 mm) Soft tissue depth estimated by using your finger Visualization of a black line after penetration of the skin The 45 mm needle should be considered for all proximal humerus insertions – patients >40 kg Special situations –Excessive soft tissue –Excessive muscle tissue –Edema T-430 Rev, G

14 Note that the 5 mm mark is NOT visible above the skin T-430 Rev, G Appropriate Needle Set Selection Matters! Note that a black line is NOT visible above the skin Needle Sizes Consider tissue depth PRIOR to bone insertion Black line

15 Prepare Equipment Inspect needle packaging for damage and sterility Open EZ-Connect and prime w/saline (or consider 2% lidocaine for patients responsive to pain) Leave syringe attached to EZ-Connect Open package and attach Driver to Needle Set (leave cap on needle until ready to insert) T-430 Rev, G

16 Remove Needle Set Safety Cap T-430 Rev, G

17 Stabilize Extremity Guard against unexpected patient movement. T-430 Rev, G

18 Insert Needle Set at a 90 o angle to the bone – insert through the skin until you touch bone T-430 Rev, G

19 Apply the minimal amount of pressure required to keep the driver advancing straight into the bone. T-430 Rev, G Do not Apply Excessive Force

20 Pediatric EZ-IO Insertion Pediatric insertion requires a gentle grip and a soft touch One size does not fit all - Consider tissue depth in needle selection Be cautious of driver recoil - Release the trigger when you feel the lack of resistance The EZ-Stabilizer is highly recommended on newborns and infants Caution ! Recoil! T-430 Rev, G

21 Remove Driver from Needle Set T-430 Rev, G Stabilize the Needle Set while disconnecting Driver.

22 Stabilize Needle Set and rotate the stylet counter-clockwise Remove stylet and dispose of in approved bio-hazard sharps container Apply EZ-Stabilizer before attaching the primed EZ-Connect T-430 Rev, G Removal of the Stylet

23 Portable sharps protector Put Stylets Where They Belong... in approved biohazard containers. T-430 Rev, G

24 Note one or more of the following: Firmly seated catheter Flash of blood in the catheter hub or blood on aspiration * Pressurized fluids flow without difficulty Pharmacologic effects * may or may not be able to aspirate blood Monitor for signs of extravasation. Confirm Catheter Placement T-430 Rev, G

25 No Flush = No Flow Syringe FLUSH Catheter Prime and use extension set Flush IO catheter with 10ml of saline Reminder: For patients responsive to pain consider 2% lidocaine without preservatives or epinephrine (cardiac lidocaine) via the IO PRIOR to syringe flush Some patients may require multiple syringe flushes T-430 Rev, G

26 What Can be Infused? Any medication that can be safely given through a peripheral vein can be given safely through an IO IO and IV doses are the same T-430, Rev G

27 Intraosseous Usage and Pain Insertion pain is specific, and of short duration Infusion pain is general, diffuse and protracted T-430 Rev, G

28 Pain Management Consider IO 2% lidocaine without preservatives or epinephrine (cardiac lidocaine) for patients responsive to pain prior to flush. Follow institutional protocols/policies. Medications intended to remain in the medullary space, such as a local anesthetic, must be administered very slowly until the desired anesthetic effect is achieved. *Physician must determine appropriate dosage range T-430 Rev, G

29 Maryland Medical Protocols July 2011 Pain Management Pain due to IO infusion: Adults administer mg of 2% cardiac lidocaine (1-2 mL 2% Lidocaine) IO Ped > 40Kg administer 20-40mg of 2% cardiac lidocaine (1-2 mL 2% Lidocaine) IO Peds < 40KgMedical consultation is required

30 Regulate fluid delivery for ALL patients and take patient condition into account with amounts delivered. T-430 Rev, F The pressure in the medullary space is approximately 1/3 of the patients arterial pressure Pressurizing fluids for infusion is required to obtain maximum flow rates For aggressive fluid resuscitation a rapid infuser may increase flow rates

31 Regulate fluid delivery for ALL patients and take patient condition into account with amounts delivered. T-430 Rev, G Infuse Fluids with Pressure

32 Clinical Support Wrist band 24 hour Emergency Line Web Feedback form T-430 Rev, G

33 EZ-IO Removal Back the EZ-IO catheter out of patient while stabilizing the extremity. Maintain axial alignment – DO NOT rock the syringe Rotate syringe clockwise while pulling straight back T-430 Rev, G

34 DO NOT SUBMERGE DRIVER AT ANY TIME Cleaning & Disinfecting Wipe clean with moistened cloth Spray with anti-microbial solution Momentarily depress trigger several times during cleaning Clean around drive shaft with cotton applicator – check to ensure nothing has attached to the magnetic tip Wipe dry Inspect driver and return to case or replace trigger guard T-430 Rev, G

35 VIDACARE Regional Clinical Contact: T-430 Rev, F Please review Directions For Use before using the EZ-IO. Karen Hust RN MSN CEN Clinical Manager - Mid-Atlantic Territory (NJ, PA, DE, Washington DC, VA, WV, NC) Immediate Vascular Access… When You Need It Most

36 The 5 Rights of the EZ-IO Review 1. The Right Site 2. The Right Needle 3. The Right Pain Management 4. The Right Flush 5. The Right Amount of Pressure T-430 Rev, G

37 Questions? T-430 Rev, G Please review Directions For Use before using the EZ-IO.

38 The Right Amount of Pressure The pressure in the medullary space is approximately 1/3 of the patients arterial pressure Pressurizing fluids for infusion is required to obtain maximum flow rates For aggressive fluid resuscitation a rapid infuser may increase flow rates T-430 Rev, G

39 I Can ALWAYS Get a Line… Excessive Tissue Burns Dehydration Renal patients Sepsis Diabetics Hypertensive Crises C before A? Major Trauma IVDA T-430 Rev, G Is it adequate vascular access?


Download ppt "The 5 Rights of Intraosseous Vascular Access T-430 Rev, F Linda Arapian RN MSN MCFRS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google