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Combining the old with the new: using new technology to document and preserve indigenous knowledge Troy Mallie Project Officer Aboriginal Rainforest Council.

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Presentation on theme: "Combining the old with the new: using new technology to document and preserve indigenous knowledge Troy Mallie Project Officer Aboriginal Rainforest Council."— Presentation transcript:

1 Combining the old with the new: using new technology to document and preserve indigenous knowledge Troy Mallie Project Officer Aboriginal Rainforest Council

2 Introduction This presentation will outline the use of contemporary computer technologies, using web-based software design tools to: Record a variety of cultural heritage – using different media, Map sites, tracks and specific areas Monitor to account for changes in heritage over time, Manage areas to local custom (lore), and with respect to law and Preserve heritage for future generations,

3 Introduction continued…… This technology has been used to manage Indigenous knowledge in Australia and Vanuatu with respect to traditional and customary protocols of transferring information between generations Practical Examples of ways that computer technology can be designed according to local protocols will be demonstrated from: 1. 1.Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park – Australia (developed 2001 – 2005) 2. 2.Chief Roi Matas domain – Vanuatu (developed ) 3. 3.Wet Tropics World Heritage Area – Australia (2007 – under development)

4 ALL Cultural Heritage Information Management Systems have same underlying system development premise Design and use driven by local indigenous community Cultural information database that stores and provides appropriate access to cultural heritage information Management tool for maintaining and protecting cultural sites Utilises digital maps, photos, videos, documents, database and web technology Empowers local indigenous groups to manage and protect their own knowledge

5 Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park Chief Roi Matas Domain - Vanuatu Wet Tropics World Heritage Area

6 Uluru Kata-Tjuta National Park Cultural Site Management System

7 Development of the Uluru Model Traditional Owners requested cultural information to be repatriated and managed by them Rangers monitoring Rock Art Sites Decided a computer based system would be needed to store and protect data Ensure traditional owners were involved in the development of the database Initial concept drawn in the sand by Elders

8 Development of the ULURU CSMS Cultural protocols were developed into system to protect sensitive information (Mens, Womens, Public and Sorry Business permissions) User Friendly interface Spatial representation for cultural sites Launched 2005

9 Sensitive information and Security

10

11 Map interface to locate cultural sites

12 Data stored for each site Ability to add many types of data including: Images Video Word, PDF documents Sound

13

14 Cultural Heritage Management Forms (not only a data archive) Forms developed as a tool for management of cultural sites

15 Chief Roi Matas Domain - Vanuatu

16 Chief Roi Mata Domain - Development Developed as a supporting document for nomination of sites for World Heritage listing for its cultural landscape Sites include – burial places, rock art, old village site Cultural protocols – sensitive and non-sensitive On-going management tool Currently being assessed by UNESCO

17 Wet Tropics World Heritage Area - Cultural Heritage Mapping Project

18 Peak representative body for Indigenous land and cultural heritage management - WTWHA New organisation – 3 years old Represents 18 Rainforest Aboriginal Tribal Groups across the WTWHA in land and cultural heritage management issues Implementing Regional Agreement Including scientific and research permit consultation Implementing the Bama Plan with Girringun and Terrain Ltd Aboriginal Rainforest Council

19 Brief History in Wet Tropics 1988 – WTWHA listed for Natural and Scenic values – discussions and negotiations for cultural recognition in managing WHA landscape – Rainforest Aboriginal Network, Bama Wabu, ARC 2005 – WTWHA Cultural Mapping Project NHT proposal submitted and notified to be successful 2006 – $1M project launched (funding from May 2006 until June 2008). Scoping for 1 st 6 months – CHIMS development commences

20 ARC Objectives: Build capacity of local Rainforest Aboriginal groups to document, store and apply their cultural heritage information Links to Country based planning & other activities supported through Terrain Ltd Nominate WT WHA for National Heritage Listing and re-list WT WHA for cultural landscape values Cultural Heritage Mapping Project

21 Wet Tropics World Heritage Area Project Coordination ARC, Girringun, JCU/ CSIRO Terrain Ltd, WTMA Traditional Owner Groups Traditional Owner Groups Traditional Owner Groups Traditional Owner Groups Traditional Owner Groups Aboriginal Rainforest Council Steering Committee Cultural Heritage Mapping Project Technical Advisory Body (WETMA, EPA, DNRW, DEH, Land Councils GBRMPA etc Project Partners ARC, Girringun, JCU Terrain Ltd, BDT Cultural listing the Wet Tropics Training: GIS, GPS, video, oral history etc. Storing and managing information Mapping, planning & management of country + Indigenous landscapes Project ARC IP Sub-Committee

22 Current development for the Wet Tropics 900,000 sq hectare WHA (listed for natural values only) 18 Tribal Groups and approx 50 clan groups Hybrid system to implemented (regional and local scales catered for) Security hierarchy is being developed to allow for cultural protocols over the many tribes and clans

23 CHIMS development Regional System covering entire WTWHA and other country that the 18 Tribal groups speak for 4 local pilots selected : Kuku Nyungkul Ngadjon Jii Ma:Mu Jirrbal Wooroonooran National Park

24 Hybrid System

25 Security Hierarchy Design

26 Ngadjon Jii Local system

27 Ngadjon Jii Local system cont.

28 Culture section developed for Non-spatial information E.g. Techniques Dances Stories

29 Advantages of these systems Tailored to specific local indigenous community culture and protocols User friendly Can choose to connect to internet or not Licensing – once off, no need for upgrades Away from complexity of GIS

30 ISSUES Training (on-going) – tailored and focussed on local situation Staff turnover More technical skills need on the ground Trust and relationship building between system developer and local users On-going sustainability of these systems

31 THANK- YOU Aboriginal Rainforest Council 277 Hartley Street Portsmith QLD 4870 AUSTRALIA Ph Troy Mallie – Project Officer


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