Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Vineyard Site Selection and Layout Dean Volenberg UW-Extension Door County.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Vineyard Site Selection and Layout Dean Volenberg UW-Extension Door County."— Presentation transcript:

1 Vineyard Site Selection and Layout Dean Volenberg UW-Extension Door County

2 Vineyard Site Selection Climate & Geographic Location French American hybrid wine grape plants are a phenologically distinct crop with the most important developmental stages being débourement (budburst), floraison (flowering), full bloom, veraison (color change and maturation), and harvest (grape maturity). The time between these phenological stages varies greatly with grape cultivar, climate, and geographic location. Understanding the phenology of a given plant system is important in determining the ability of a region to produce a crop within the confine of its climatic regime.

3 Vineyard Site Selection Climate & Geographic Location French American hybrid wine grape plants are a phenologically distinct crop with the most important developmental stages being débourement (budburst), floraison (flowering), full bloom, veraison (color change and maturation), and harvest (grape maturity). The time between these phenological stages varies greatly with grape cultivar, climate, and geographic location. Understanding the phenology of a given plant system is important in determining the ability of a region to produce a crop within the confine of its climatic regime.

4 Vineyard Site Selection Climate & Geographic Location Considerations –Winter low temperatures –Spring frosts –Frost free days –GDD base 50 Frost damaged bud of Marquette. 29 °F on May 8 and 9, Undamaged bud of Marquette. 29 °F on May 8 and 9, 2010.

5 Vineyard Site Selection Macro Scale

6 Vineyard Site Selection Frost Free Days Date of Last Spring OccurrenceDate of First Fall Occurrence Base Temp °FMedianEarly90%10%LateMedianEarly90%10%Late 325/104/214/275/256/0410/089/239/2411/0211/13 305/034/174/235/175/2210/149/239/2511/1211/16 284/244/064/095/095/1310/249/249/3011/1211/19 244/123/233/274/214/2611/0910/0910/1711/1711/23 204/023/123/184/104/1311/2010/2411/0312/0312/22 163/273/063/154/094/1111/2511/0311/1212/1912/22 Growing Season Summary Derived from Averages Sturgeon Bay Experimental Farm

7 Vineyard Site Selection Frost Free Days Date of Last Spring OccurrenceDate of First Fall Occurrence Base Temp °FMedianEarly90%10%LateMedianEarly90%10%Late 325/104/214/275/256/0410/089/239/2411/0211/13 305/034/174/235/175/2210/149/239/2511/1211/16 284/244/064/095/095/1310/249/249/3011/1211/19 244/123/233/274/214/2611/0910/0910/1711/1711/23 204/023/123/184/104/1311/2010/2411/0312/0312/22 163/273/063/154/094/1111/2511/0311/1212/1912/22 Growing Season Summary Derived from Averages Sturgeon Bay Experimental Farm 150 Frost Free Days

8 Vineyard Site Selection Frost Free Days Date of Last Spring OccurrenceDate of First Fall Occurrence Base Temp °FMedianEarly90%10%LateMedianEarly90%10%Late 325/104/214/275/256/0410/089/239/2411/0211/13 305/034/174/235/175/2210/149/239/2511/1211/16 284/244/064/095/095/1310/249/249/3011/1211/19 244/123/233/274/214/2611/0910/0910/1711/1711/23 204/023/123/184/104/1311/2010/2411/0312/0312/22 163/273/063/154/094/1111/2511/0311/1212/1912/22 Growing Season Summary Derived from Averages UW-Marinette Date of Last Spring OccurrenceDate of First Fall Occurrence Base Temp °FMedianEarly90%10%LateMedianEarly90%10%Late 325/084/204/265/185/2710/039/149/2310/1711/01 304/304/064/175/145/2710/109/229/2410/3111/11 284/233/264/075/085/1110/189/2210/0211/0611/15 244/133/143/304/265/0711/049/2310/1211/1611/28 204/053/143/204/174/1911/1210/1410/2411/2612/20 163/252/273/164/094/1811/2010/3111/0312/0712/ Frost Free Days

9 Vineyard Site Selection Growing Degree Days ElementJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDECANN GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base MGDD* Base *Modified Growing Degree Days: Base 50 Ceiling 86. Growing Season Summary Derived from Averages Sturgeon Bay Experimental Farm

10 Vineyard Site Selection Growing Degree Days *Modified Growing Degree Days: Base 50 Ceiling 86. Growing Season Summary Derived from Averages UW Marinette ElementJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDECANN GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base GDD Base MGDD* Base *Modified Growing Degree Days: Base 50 Ceiling 86.

11 Vineyard Site Selection Growing Degree Days

12 Vineyard Site Selection Length of Growing Season Length of Growing Season (Days) Derived from Averages Peninsular Agricultural Research Station Base Temp °FMedianShortest10%90%Longest

13 Vineyard Site Selection Temperature Red line is normal monthly high temperature Black line is normal average monthly temperature Blue line is normal monthly low temperature

14 Vineyard Site Selection Temperature and Fruit Chemistry Daytime Optimum °F Nightime Optimum °F

15 Vineyard Site Selection Cold Thresholds

16 Couderay -55 °F 4 February 1996

17 Vineyard Site Selection Cold Thresholds Couderay -55 °F 4 February 1996

18 Vineyard Site Selection Cold Thresholds

19 Vineyard Site Selection Topography effects on air temperatures

20

21 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Map your site and surroundings N S E W

22 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Map your site and surroundings Lay out rows N S E W

23 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Map your site and surroundings Lay out rows Identify potential problem pest areas N S E W Potential Pest Source Morning Shade Potential Pest Source

24 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Map your site and surroundings Lay out rows Identify potential problem pest areas N S E W Potential Pest Source Morning Shade Potential Pest Source Grape Berry Moth

25 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Map your site and surroundings Lay out rows Identify potential problem pest areas Identify pests that may persist in problem pest areas N S E W Potential Pest Source Morning Shade Potential Pest Source Grape Berry Moth Powdery & Downy Mildew

26 Mean cluster infestation (%) in vineyards JulyAugustSeptember BorderInteriorBorderInteriorBorderInterior Deciduous woods 72.4 a a 79.4 a 62.7 a 99.2 a 78.6 a Coniferous woods 30.5 b 13.0 b 86.8 a 55.2 a 92.3 ab 65.1 a Tree row 34.6 b 20.6 ab 75.3 a 56.9 a 93.9 ab 71.9 a Grasses 29.2 b 21.8 ab 61.3 a 40.1 a 78.3 b 56.2 a Infestation of grape clusters by grape berry moth at borders and interiors of commercial vineyards with various habitat borders. 1 Means within a column followed by the same letter are not significantly different (Tukey α = 0.05) Botero-Garcés, N. and R. Isaacs Environmental Entomology 33:

27 Mean cluster infestation (%) in vineyards JulyAugustSeptember BorderInteriorBorderInteriorBorderInterior Deciduous woods 72.4 a a 79.4 a 62.7 a 99.2 a 78.6 a Coniferous woods 30.5 b 13.0 b 86.8 a 55.2 a 92.3 ab 65.1 a Tree row 34.6 b 20.6 ab 75.3 a 56.9 a 93.9 ab 71.9 a Grasses 29.2 b 21.8 ab 61.3 a 40.1 a 78.3 b 56.2 a Infestation of grape clusters by grape berry moth at borders and interiors of commercial vineyards with various habitat borders. 1 Means within a column followed by the same letter are not significantly different (Tukey α = 0.05) Botero-Garcés, N. and R. Isaacs Environmental Entomology 33:

28 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Lay out vineyard based on potential pest threats Match grape varieties to potential pest problems as dictated by vineyard Also consider market for grape varieties N S E W Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Leon Millot, Seyval, or Vignoles Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette

29 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection N S E W Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Leon Millot, Seyval, or Vignoles Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Year 1 Block planted Vignoles Year 2 Block planted Marquette

30 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection N S E W Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Leon Millot, Seyval, or Vignoles Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Year 1 Block planted Vignoles Year 2 Block planted Marquette $

31 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection St. Pepin for Ice Wine in the remaining block Is St. Pepin a good fit for this location and its associated pollinator Lacrosse?

32 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection N S E W St. Pepin & LaCrosse Leon Millot, Seyval, or Vignoles Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Year 1 Block planted Vignoles Year 2 Block planted Marquette Year 3 Block planted St. Pepin & LaCrosse VarietyPowdery Mildew Downy Mildew St. Pepin La Crosse Moderately susceptible +++ Highly susceptible

33 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection N S E W St. Pepin & LaCrosse Leon Millot, Seyval, or Vignoles Foch, Frontenac, or Marquette Year 1 Block planted Vignoles Year 2 Block planted Marquette Year 3 Block planted St. Pepin & LaCrosse VarietyPowdery Mildew Downy Mildew St. Pepin La Crosse Moderately susceptible +++ Highly susceptible

34 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Row Orientation North/South Aspect - East results in rapid drying Soil - low to moderate fertility - O. M. < 5%

35 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Look Up –Birds –Trees Look Around –Know your neighbor –Know their crops

36 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Phenoxy herbicide injury –2,4-D –Dicamba –Clopyralid –Triclopyr

37 Other Herbicide Off-Target Sources Homeowners lawns Golf courses Highway Right-of-way Invasive plant management

38 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Vine Spacing –Vigor of vine Vine Spacing Impacts –Air circulation –Pesticide coverage

39 IPM & Vineyard Site Selection Weed management Before establishment (2 year process) –Plan, prepare, polish-off weeds, plant After establishment –Weed management in row Increases air flow Removes sites for potential pests Preserves water and nutrients

40 What is the most important year to manage weeds in the vineyard? 1.Establishment (year 1) 2.Year 2 3.Year 3 4.First crop (Year 4)

41 What is the most important year to manage weeds in the vineyard? 1.Establishment (year 1) 2.Year 2 3.Year 3 4.First crop (Year 4)

42 New Grape Growers/Expanding IPM-when does it begin? –Before grapes are ordered Intentions for grapes –Sell grapes to market/wineries-Backward marketing What do wineries/consumers want –Use grapes at your winery What do consumers want What management practices to employ

43 Vineyard Layout Grape Variety Selection –Cold hardiness –Dictates potential pest problems –Assessment of disease susceptibility –Assessment of insect susceptibility –May impact pest management options

44 Vineyard Site Selection and Layout Dean Volenberg UW-Extension Door County For More Information on Wisconsin Climate. State Climatology Office Midwest Regional Climate Center For More Information on Vineyard Site Selection and Layout. Wolf, T. K. (editor) Wine Grape Production Guide. Natural Resource, Agriculture, and Engineering Service. Cooperative Extension. NRAES-145. Ithaca, N.Y. 336 p.


Download ppt "Vineyard Site Selection and Layout Dean Volenberg UW-Extension Door County."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google