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Cross-site data transfer on TeraGrid using GridFTP TeraGrid06 Institute User Introduction to TeraGrid June 12 th 2006. by Krishna Muriki

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Presentation on theme: "Cross-site data transfer on TeraGrid using GridFTP TeraGrid06 Institute User Introduction to TeraGrid June 12 th 2006. by Krishna Muriki"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cross-site data transfer on TeraGrid using GridFTP TeraGrid06 Institute User Introduction to TeraGrid June 12 th by Krishna Muriki SanDiego Supercomputer Center

2 TeraGrid: Integrating NSF Cyberinfrastructure SDSC NCAR (mid-2006) TACC UC/ANL NCSA ORNL PU IU PSC

3 Data Transfer Performance What impacts transfer rates? –Disk speed –Connectivity of disk to node –Node characteristics & load –Connectivity of node to WAN –For all networks Bandwidth Latency Buffer Size Protocol Load Encryption … node WAN (TG Backbone) Multi Gb/s switch node 30 Gb/s 1 Gb/s switch 30 Gb/s node

4 GridFTP - Protocol GridFTP is based on FTP (But not the same) More suitable: Optimized for high-bandwidth networks Optimized for Wide-area networks More secure: Authenticated Data Channels. GSI security on control & data channels. (diff login names) More performance: Multiple data channels for parallel file transfers. Reusable data channels Command pipelining.

5 TeraGrid Transfer Environment Dedicated Nodes for Data Transfer ( called gridftp server nodes ) With direct access to disks and Network Backbone. Transfer client & servers based on more efficient protocol. GSI authentication and proxy certificates provide authentication enable secure transfers Transfer requests can be integrated into job execution scripts Moving input data to site(s) of job execution Moving results to another file system, site, or archive

6 GridFTP Servers GridFTP server : –Not all systems (nodes) on TeraGrid machines are GridFTP servers. –Only few nodes are configured to be GridFTP servers. –Configured to utilize the full TG backbone bandwidth. Shared servers : Login node : tg-login1..teragrid.org is a GridFTP server. But a shared resource with many tasks running on this node. Dedicated servers : Node name : tg-gridftp..teragrid.org is a GridFTP server. This single name resolves to more than one node at each site. All the nodes are dedicated file transfer resources.

7 No client !!! gridftp is not a command. There is no client program with the name gridftp. Recommended client programs: tgcp globus-url-copy uberftp Availability: uberftp & globus-url-copy are part of CTSS *** tgcp can be added through SoftENV. ( soft add +tgcp ).

8 globus-url-copy %> globus-url-copy –Command line client (Not interactive) –No feedback given back. (suitable for use in job scripts) –Multiple data channels (striped ) –Third party transfers Source & Destination formats: –If local file ---file: –If remote file---gsiftp:// / Optimization parameters: –-tcp-bs | -tcp-buffer-size ( size in bytes ) –-p | -parallel

9 UberFTP %> uberftp –Interactive file transfer client. –Not suitable for script transfers. –Less verbose syntax. –Less prone to errors. Some useful commands: –put, get –mput, mget –Parallel, tcpbuf Optimization parameters: –tg-login1> uberftp uberftp> parallel 2 uberftp> tcpbuf TCP buffer set to bytes

10 tgcp %> tgcp –Command line program –Wrapper around globus-url-copy, RFT & cp commands. –Syntax same as globus-url-copy or RFT –Automatically picks optimization parameters –Users need not set the parameters Some Useful options: –-big or –stripe: To transfer large files using striped guc. –-rft: To transfer using Reliable File Transfer (RFT) service.

11 Thanks


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