Presentation on theme: "Identify the key elements in the development process that help maintain a balance between the physical capacity of a beach resort and the economic needs."— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 4 Beach Resorts and Destination Resort Marinas: The Impact of Development on Operations
2Identify the key elements in the development process that help maintain a balance between the physical capacity of a beach resort and the economic needs of the developer.Six aspects must be taken into consideration when developing a beach resort.
3Development Process Sea Site attractiveness is determined by: air temperature, amount of wind and sun, water temperatures, currents, tides and waves, ecology, pollution, clarity of water, and possible attractions.SeashoreConsists of the surface under the water, extending out to a depth of 6 feet.Should consist of course sand or sand and pea gravel
4Development Process Beach Slope of the beach should be between 2% and 10%, with 5% being the idealBack beachOffers views to both the sea and inlandProtection of degradation is a major concern as developers consider future improvements
5Development Process Coastal Stretch Consists of the beach environment between 0.5 and 3 miles from the back beachDevelopers must consider where to place service facilities and access roadsSurrounding CountrysideNatural attractions, the extent of development, surrounding infrastructure, and the opportunity for excursions all need to be considered
6Development Process Site Development In selecting a site for beach development, these elementswarrant particular attention:Access to a permanent or transient seasonal populationAccess to major roadsMinimum water temperatures in the upper 60’s during the swimming seasonWarm, sunny conditions before and during the season to warm the water and attract swimmers and sunbathers.Water quality needs to be analyzed before and after development as swimmers will add to the existing bacterial count.
7Define the main factors affecting the attractiveness of a site for a beach resort. A variety of factors related to the sea affect the attractiveness of the site:Air TemperatureThere is a high correlation between swimming/beach use and maximum air temperatureAmount and Intensity of the Wind and SunA weak inverse relationship exists between swimming/beach use and windA straight-line correlation exists between sunshine hours and swimming/beach use
8Site Attractiveness Water Temperature Currents, Tides, Waves Ecology Including their direction, strength and seasonalityEcologyIncluding seaweed and fishPollutionClarity of waterPossible AttractionsIslands, coral, and conditions for water recreation
9Explain the role of general Explain the role of general design principles in site planning for a marina.The process for developing a marina consists of five steps:Analyze the marketTaking into account the area’s economy, analyze both demand and competitive supply to give a preliminary assessment of current market conditions.
10Design Principles Develop a market strategy and marina concept Determine the services to be offered, define the size and mix of boats, specify the number of wet slips and dry storage areas, identify funding sources, calculate fees, and estimate cash flow.Identify the siteIdentify a preferred site by compiling and mapping data, scrutinizing development factors, and selecting several alternative sites.Note state and federal policies controlling proposed uses of the sites and select the superior site.
11Design Principles Perform feasibility analysis and preliminary design Conduct an in-depth financial feasibility study, including an analysis of cash flowAddress local zoning and building permitsDesign and develop the marinaCreate detailed construction photos, file for and obtain permits, secure local approvals, obtain construction bids and loans, and exercise the option on the land.
12Describe the five developmental criteria that improve guest convenience, safety, and security. Proximity to a population baseAccessibility by a main road arterySufficient water in the marina basin for developmentSufficient water depth and surface for the proposed activities
13Developmental Criteria A minimum of 8 feet below low-water depth is idealNatural protection from winds, storms, and floodingA stable shorelineGood southerly exposure
14Developmental Criteria Good water qualityA healthy flow of water through the marina helps wash pollutants away, while too strong a flow may make the marina unstable for boat storage.Aesthetically pleasing quality surroundingsReasonable fluctuation in water levelsHigh water levels constitute a safety threatFreedom from ice
15Analyze the interdependencies between the four principles that guide marina design. The geography determines the engineeringThe engineering determines the profileThe profile determines the layoutThe layout determines the architecture
16The geography determines the engineering Major costs in building a marina come from: dredging, locks, bulkheads, breakwaters and pilesDredging: Dredging changes the bottom profile of the basin to allow deeper-draft boats to dock in the marinaLocks: Locks may be the answer where a site is otherwise inaccessible. They are necessary where the tidal range is greater than 12 feet or where there is a major change in elevation between the basin and open water.
17The geography determines the engineering Bulkheads: A bulkhead is “a retaining wall that is backed with solid fill and erected along the water to extend the upland out to the bulkhead line; serves as protection against tidal or watercourse erection of landBreakwaters: Breakwaters are used to shield the marina from wave action. Potential wave action is simulated by engineers to determine the extent of breakwaters needed.Piles: Support fixed piers and bulkheads and anchor floating piers
18The engineering determines the profile The four basic marina types are offshore, recessed, built-in and landlockedOffshore: Requires minimum bulkhead wall, land take, and dredging, and can therefore be the least expensive type to buildRecessed: When conditions on the sea bottom do not allow for an offshore layout, a recessed marina may be the economical option
19The engineering determines the profile Built-In: Offers the advantages of an uninterrupted shoreline, a large land-water interface, and considerable enclosureLandlocked: Costliest and safest type of marinaOffers maximum enclosure and minimum interruption of shoreline, yet requires maximum bulkhead wall and dredging
20The profile determines the layout The best basin shape is rectangular, which allows for the greatest density of boats with the easiest maneuveringThe basic choice in mooring layout is whether to have fixed or floating piersThe layout is determined by the site constraints as well as the demands of the expected market
21The layout determines the architecture Architects must take into account the circulation pattern, the social interests of the boaters, and the need for support facilities.Users can be divided into social and service traffic and by destinationBoaters place few demands on facilities and are willing to put up with maintenance
22The layout determines the architecture To attract non-boaters, marinas must increase attractiveness and provide more recreational opportunitiesA variety of support facilities will be needed, depending on the type of marina development, including toilets/showers, boat service center, boat launching equipment, boat sewage disposal and water take-on, firefighting equipment, and boat storage facilities.