Presentation on theme: "Strengthening Germany Chapter 23 Section 2 Karen Pasay-An Coach A 6 th Period 10 th Grade."— Presentation transcript:
Strengthening Germany Chapter 23 Section 2 Karen Pasay-An Coach A 6 th Period 10 th Grade
Setting the Scene The German princes defeat Napoleon III in the Franco- Prussian War The New Age of the German Empire rises and French domination of Europe comes to an end Germany was now the foremost dominant power in Europe Germany was headed by William I and his Chancellor, Otto Von Bismarck
William I William I was born on March 22, 1797 and died on March 9, 1888 Was the King of Prussia from January 2, 1861 to March 9, 1888 William was also proclaimed the first German Emperor on January 18, 1871 in Versailles Palace During his reign he reorganized and strengthened the army Though known for uniting Germany he was hated for his militarism and for his belief of divine rule
Otto Von Bismarck Otto Von Bismarck was born on April 1, 1815 and died on July 30, 1898 In 1870 he provoked the Franco-Prussian War In 1879 he made the Triple Alliance and in the aftermath helped unite Germany He introduced the world's first modern welfare scheme which provided sickness, accident and old age benefits ( )
The Franco-Prussian War The Franco-Prussian War began in 1870 and lasted until The war was between France; under the leadership of Napoleon III, and Prussia. The triumph of Prussia resulted in the creation of a unified Germany.
The German Industrial Giant Due to a vast amount of resources such as iron and coal, Germany was able to grow and prosper Discipline, an educated work force, and an increase of industrial workers contributed to the growth of the economy The German Empire was Determined to maintain economic strength and military power
Timeline of The Economic Progress Rise in Industrializati on Earlier Progress Rapid growth in population The House of Krupp Small Business Prospers Economic Development Worldwide Depression 1800s 1850 – After 1871Late 1800s In the late 1800s German Chemical and Electrical Industries boomed. German shipping was only second among European powers. Germans founded large companies and built railroads. Growth in population rose to 41 million to 67 million which provided a huge home market along with a larger supply of industrial workers. The House of Krupp came to after 1871 and became an enormous industrial complex that produced steel and weapons for a world market. August Thyssen built a small steel factory which consisted of seventy workers and turned into a giant empire with fifty thousand employees. German Government issued a single currency for Germany, reorganized the banking system, and coordinated railroads built by the German States. Worldwide depression hits and Germany tries to raise tariffs to protect home industries from foreign competition.
Campaign Against the Church Catholics make up about a third of the German population Lutheran Bismarck distrusted them especially the clergy for he believed that their 1 st loyalty was to the pope instead of Germany Due to this Catholic threat he launched the KULTURKAMPH also known as BATTLE FOR CIVILIZATION Goal to make Catholics put loyalty to the state above allegiance to the church
Bismarcks Laws The state had rights to supervise Catholic Education The state could Approve appointment of priests Close some religious orders Banishment of the Jesuits from Prussia Which made it Compulsory for couples to be married by civil authority A Group of Jesuits Priests Being Appointed
Growth in Power The Growing power of socialism posed a threat to the new German state Late 1870s German Marxists organized Social Democratic Party Bismarck feared that socialists would undermine the loyalty of German workers and turn them toward revolution In order to stop this Bismarck had laws passed but repression backfired German Social Democratic Party (SDP) was established in 1875 with the publication of its Gotha programme.
Bismarcks Saying Give the workingman the right to work as long as he is healthy, assure him care when he is sick, and maintenance when he is old… then the socialists will sing their siren songs in vain, and the workingmen will cease to throng to their banner. Otto von Bismarck, quoted in Economic Development of Europe (Ogg and Sharp)
By the 1890s Germans had: - health insurance - accident insurance - old-age insurance The system became the model for other European nations Still, Workers did not abandon socialism Known asThe Blessings of Old Age and Sickness Insurance [Der Segen der Alters- und Invalidenversicherung], this woodcut dates from about 1890, when Bismarcks struggle to implement an even more comprehensive system of state insurance was drawing to a close with the end of his chancellorship.
Kaser William II Born: January 27, 1859 Berlin, Prussia Died: June 4, 1941 Doorn, Netherlands Family: Born into the Royal House of Hohenzollern - He was the first grandchild of Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom Important Dates: Succeeded his grandfather as Kaiser 1890 – Shocked Europe by asking the dominating Bismarck to resign
William II believed that his right to rule came from God William II resisted efforts to introduce democratic reforms He lunched an ambitious campaign to expand the German navy
Citations Works Cited "Franco-Prussian War." Answers.Com. 06 Nov "Franco-Prussian War." High Beam Encyclopedia. 10 Nov German History in Documents and Images. 10 Nov "Iron and Coal." Answers.Com. 06 Nov "Jesuits of Las Vegas College." Across the Rockies. 10 Nov The Old World. 07 Nov "Otto Von Bismarck." Spartacus Educational. 11 Nov PLEDGE ALLEGIANCE TO THE SECOND AMENDMENT. 08 Nov "Pope John Paul II." Catechism of the Catholic Church. 10 Nov "Priests Forever." Hawaii Catholic Herald. 09 Nov Rosso. 12 Nov Spartacus Educational. 13 Nov STALIN, MAO, HITLER: THE SOCIALIST WHOLECAUST. 09 Nov "William I, German Emperor." Wikipedia. 09 Nov "World War One and the Destruction of the Old Orde." History Nov