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Key points Nondiscrimination Testing IRS Requirements What is included in our testing services Common worksheet errors Testing failure reasons Outside.

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Presentation on theme: "Key points Nondiscrimination Testing IRS Requirements What is included in our testing services Common worksheet errors Testing failure reasons Outside."— Presentation transcript:

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3 Key points Nondiscrimination Testing IRS Requirements What is included in our testing services Common worksheet errors Testing failure reasons Outside factors that impact testing results

4 Nondiscrimination Testing IRS Requirements Mandated testing for each plan year BESTflex plans have 9 required tests Test and results may be requested at audit Fees associated with failure to test Failure of a test results in taxation penalties

5 What is included in our testing services All 9 tests Worksheet and workbook materials Phone or e-mail assistance Education on how to correct failures Testing result notification Record-keeping of results and tests Guidance to prevent failures

6 What is included in our testing services For each type of benefit, various testing is performed Health Care FSA (Section 105) –Eligibility Test * –Benefits Test Dependent Care FSA (Section 129) –Eligibility Test –Contributions and Benefits Test –55% Average Test * –25% Owner Concentration Test Cafeteria Plan (Section 125) –Eligibility Test –Contributions and Benefits Test * –25% Concentration Test (key employee test) * * Most common tests that fail

7 Common worksheet errors Many fail letters sent due to inaccurate data –Cafeteria Plan components incorrect –Officer listed as incorrect individual –Compensation listed as W-2 wages –Compensation reports wrong period –Employees inactive during plan year listed –Eligibility listed incorrectly –Employee list limited

8 Common worksheet errors Cafeteria Plan components incorrect –Appears self-employed individual is participating –Utilization of highly-compensated appears larger or smaller than actual Officer –Number of officers appears larger –Safe Harbor tests pass in error

9 Common worksheet errors Compensation reports W-2 wages –Employee classified as non-highly compensated in error –Inability to list employees from highest-paid to lowest-paid Compensation reports wrong period –Employee classified as highly compensated in error

10 Common worksheet errors Employees not active during plan year listed –Overall employee count increases –Total compensation increases –Utilization of plan appears lower Eligibility listed incorrectly –Tests completed or skipped in error –Total compensation reported inaccurately –Ratios appear more or less balanced

11 Common worksheet errors Employee list limited –Only eligible employees listed Eligibility testing results not accurate Employees identified as non-highly compensated in error Utilization percentages inaccurate –Terminated employees not listed Eligibility testing results not accurate Employees identified as non-highly compensated in error –Related Employer employees not listed Eligibility testing results not accurate Employees identified as non-highly compensated in error Utilization percentages inaccurate

12 Testing failure reasons Health Care FSA (Section 105) –Eligibility Test * Reasons –Health Care FSA participation top-heavy –Includes top 25% by pay regardless of compensation or authority as highly compensated Options to avoid failure –Increase participation among lower-paid –Decrease participation among higher-paid –Limit eligibility to only full-time employees –Offer an employer contribution for all eligible employees into a Health Care FSA *Most common tests that fail

13 Testing failure reasons Health Care FSA (Section 105) –Benefits Test Reasons –Waiting period discrepancies –Different maximum for groups of employees Options to avoid failure –Same waiting period for all eligible –Same maximum election for all eligible

14 Testing failure reasons Dependent Care FSA (Section 129) –Eligibility Test Reasons –Too many ineligible employees Options to avoid failure –Hire less seasonal or part-time employees –Expand eligibility –Contributions and Benefits Test Reasons –Offering onsite daycare to some employees only –Different maximums for groups of employees Options to avoid failure –Offer same benefits to all eligible employees

15 Testing failure reasons Dependent Care FSA (Section 129) –55% Average Test * Reasons –Very small percentage of employees are owners or highly compensated individuals and one of them participates –Not many non-highly compensated individuals elect Dependent Care FSA Options to avoid failure –Owners and highly compensated individuals do not participate –Owners and highly compensated individuals maximums are reduced based on preliminary test findings »Constant monitoring in case of election changes »Constant monitoring in case of new hires »Can only modify by reducing election during plan year *Most common tests that fail

16 Testing failure reasons Dependent Care FSA (Section 129) –25% Owner Concentration Test Reasons –More than 5% owners participate in Dependent Care FSA –Not many employees elect Dependent Care FSA Options to avoid failure –More than 5% owners do not participate –More than 5% owners combined maximum is limited to 33% of all other employees total Dependent Care FSA dollars elected »Constant monitoring in case of election changes »Can only modify by reducing election during plan year

17 Testing failure reasons Cafeteria Plan (Section 125) –Eligibility Test Reasons –Too many ineligible employees Options to avoid failure –Hire less seasonal or part-time employees –Expand eligibility

18 Testing failure reasons Cafeteria Plan (Section 125) –Contributions and Benefits Test * Safe Harbor pass if company pays 75% or more of every health plan premium for every eligible employee Reasons for failure –Owner, officer, and highly compensated individuals comprising large percentage of the pre-tax insurance premiums –Owner and/or officer participates in pre-tax insurance premiums and the disparity in compensation is not great Options to avoid failure –Increase participation in pre-tax insurance premiums –Avoid 100% employer-paid single insurance plans –Increase owner and/or officer compensation –Owner and/or officer pay share of insurance premiums post-tax –Decrease eligibility of employees *Most common tests that fail

19 Testing failure reasons Cafeteria Plan (Section 125) –25% Concentration Test (key employee test)* Reasons for failure –Key Employees participate to a more than 25% extent in total Cafeteria Plan benefit plans –Not many employees have pre-tax insurance or FSA elections Options to avoid failure –Key Employees pay portion of insurance premiums post-tax –Avoid 100% employer-paid single insurance plans *Most common tests that fail

20 Outside factors that impact testing results Large changes in number of employees Implementing a HDHP Changing plan year Employees children aging out of Dependent Care Economy

21 Outside factors that impact testing results Large changes in number of employees –Mass layoffs Lowers participation among non-highly compensated employees Section 105 Eligibility Test at risk –Mass hiring New employees are ineligible: Section 129 and 125 Eligibility Tests at risk New employees are eligible and do not elect Health Care FSA: Section 105 Eligibility Test at risk

22 Outside factors that impact testing results Implementing a HDHP –Section 105 Eligibility Test risks Higher interest among lower-paid individuals Alleviates most interest in Health Care FSA due to HSA interaction Limited Health Care FSA not as appealing –Section 125 Contributions & Benefits Test risks Pre-tax HSA contribution inequality Maximum allowable restricted based on family structure

23 Outside factors that impact testing results Changing plan year –Involves running a short plan year May decrease interest for non-highly compensated Highly compensated may continue to elect causing failures Employees children aging out of Dependent Care –Highly compensated individual continues to elect –Non-highly compensated individuals drop

24 Outside factors that impact testing results Economy –Employees feel need to save –Employee becomes ineligible for Dependent Care elections due to spouse not employed –Employees spouses employer implements HDHP –Premium rate increases Greater percentage of compensation in Section 125 Contributions & Benefits Test Employees change from family to single coverage

25 Summary of key points Annual plan testing required Testing services included in annual renewal fee Accurate and complete worksheet needed for accurate results Complexity of tests and various definitions of highly compensated make pass/fail predictions difficult Even preliminary testing is not a guarantee Main ways to avoid failure –Reasonable eligibility standards –Higher Health Care FSA participation (employer contribution) –No Highly Compensated Individual participation in Dependent Care FSA –Have all employees pay a portion of premiums pre-tax Unavoidable outside factors can cause failure

26 Questions? Any questions can be addressed by e-mail or phone at your convenience Compliance Department 608 831 8445 800 346 2126 compliance@ebcflex.com http://www.ebcflex.com/NewsCenter/ComplianceBuzz.aspx Visit our online blog:


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