Presentation on theme: "4-H CARTEENS is presented cooperatively by Ohio State University Extension 4-H Professionals, volunteer teen leaders, the juvenile courts of Defiance,"— Presentation transcript:
4-H CARTEENS is presented cooperatively by Ohio State University Extension 4-H Professionals, volunteer teen leaders, the juvenile courts of Defiance, Fulton, Henry and Williams Counties, and the Ohio Highway Patrol.
Ohio Revised Code : Operating vehicle under the influence of alcohol or drugs - OVI
Alcohol played a role in nearly 32% of U.S. automobile fatalities in Thats 10,839 deaths. So on average, one alcohol impaired driving fatality occurred every 48 minutes. The leading cause of death for ages 0 to 24 is automobile accidents and one out of three of those is alcohol related. An average drunk driver has driven drunk 80 times before first arrest.
Blood Alcohol Concentration The legal limit for people 21 and over is.08% The legal limit for people under 21 is.02% The legal limit for commercial drivers is.04%
BAC: No loss of coordination, slight euphoria and loss of shyness. Depressant effects are not apparent. Mildly relaxed and maybe a little lightheaded BAC: Feeling of well-being, relaxation, lower inhibitions, sensation of warmth. Euphoria (A feeling of happiness, confidence, or well-being). Some minor impairment of reasoning and memory, lowering of caution. Your behavior may become exaggerated and emotions intensified (Good emotions are better, bad emotions are worse)
BAC: Slight impairment of balance, speech, vision, reaction time, and hearing. Euphoria. Judgment and self-control are reduced, and caution, reason and memory are impaired (in some* states.08 is legally impaired and it is illegal to drive at this level). You will probably believe that you are functioning better than you really are BAC: Significant impairment of motor coordination and loss of good judgment. Speech may be slurred; balance, vision, reaction time and hearing will be impaired. Euphoria.
BAC: Gross motor impairment and lack of physical control. Blurred vision and major loss of balance. Euphoria is reduced and dysphoria (An emotional state of anxiety, depression, or unease) is beginning to appear. Judgment and perception are severely impaired BAC: Dysphoria predominates, nausea may appear. The drinker has the appearance of a "sloppy drunk."
0.20 BAC: Feeling dazed/confused or otherwise disoriented. May need help to stand/walk. If you injure yourself you may not feel the pain. Some people have nausea and vomiting at this level. The gag reflex is impaired and you can choke if you do vomit. Blackouts are likely at this level so you may not remember what has happened BAC: All mental, physical and sensory functions are severely impaired. Increased risk of asphyxiation from choking on vomit and of seriously injuring yourself by falls or other accidents.
0.30 BAC: STUPOR. You have little comprehension of where you are. You may pass out suddenly and be difficult to awaken BAC: Coma is possible. This is the level of surgical anesthesia BAC and up: Onset of coma, and possible death due to respiratory arrest.
If I have too much to drink, I can drink a lot of coffee to sober up quickly. Right? Will eating breath mints after drinking fool a police 'breath test'? I've heard preparing yourself by eating certain foods before an evening of heavy drinking will help keep your sober. Is that true? Ok, but if I eat a BIG meal before drinking, won't that help keep me from getting drunk? Will splashing cold water on my face or taking a cold shower help sober me up? Will running around the block a few times sober me up enough to drive home? They were serving a spiked punch, but I couldn't even taste the alcohol in it. I can't be drunk!
A typical OVI costs about $10,000 even if you didnt hit anything or hurt anybody Bail Towing Insurance Legal Fees Fines Alcohol Evaluation Alcohol Monitoring Leg Bracelet License Reinstatement Fees Additional Fees Other Costs
Driving in excess of the posted speed limit or driving too fast for conditions and can have dangerous consequences
Reduces a drivers ability to negotiate curves or maneuver around obstacles in the roadway Extends the distance traveled before a vehicle can stop Increases the distance a vehicle travels while the driver reacts to a hazard Increases the risk of crashes and injuries because other vehicles and pedestrians may not be able to judge distance accurately BECAUSE HOW LONG DOES IT TAKE TO DIE IN A SPEEDING CAR?
In all alleys within a municipal corporation. When passing a school building or grounds (school zones) during school recess and while children are going to or leaving school during the opening and closing hours and when school speed limit signs are erected. All other portions of a municipal corporation, except state routes and through highways outside business districts and alleys. On all state routes or through highways except controlled-access highways within municipal corporations outside business districts.
On all state routes within municipal corporations outside urban districts, unless a lower speed is established visibly on a sign. The maximum speed limit at all times for vehicles weighing more than 8,000 pounds and non-commercial buses. The maximum speed limit on all other highways. On designated highways for vehicles weighing 8,000 pounds or less and commercial buses. At all times on freeways with paved shoulders inside municipal corporations unless a lower speed is established on a sign and on rural interstates for vehicles weighing 8,000 pounds or more.
Time = Distance/(Miles Per Hour/60)
If you are traveling from Northwest State to Napoleon, that is roughly 10 miles
If you are traveling from Northwest State to Defiance, that is roughly 20 miles
If you are traveling from Northwest State to Toledo, that is roughly 50 miles
If you are traveling from Northwest State to Cedar Point, that is roughly 100 miles
Reaction time is the time discrepancy between the moment of change in the environment and the beginning of your response. So lets test your reaction time ep/reaction_version5.swf ep/reaction_version5.swf tml tml
Your reaction time plus your braking distance So it is recommended that you have a following distance of a minimum of 1 vehicle length for each 10MPH that you are traveling Lets see what see what some stopping distances are assuming no hazardous conditions
With Slow Moving Vehicles
Farmers are traveling more miles than ever before on public roads to plant, grow, and harvest. Slow-moving tractors and animal-drawn vehicles are no match for the general publics high-speed travels. Motorists traveling Northwest Ohio rural roads may find themselves sharing the road with large, slow-moving farm equipment. Not recognizing slow moving vehicles, or simply not being aware of them until it is too late, are a leading cause of collisions. Automobiles are involved in 8% of all farm accidents.
Farm machinery and equipment that travels at 25 mph or less must display a slow-moving vehicle emblem on the rear when traveling on public roads. As a motorist, you must be prepared to slow down when you see this triangular sign with a red reflectorized border and a fluorescent orange-red center. Some farm vehicles may also display flashing yellow lights or reflectors.
It is illegal and very dangerous to pass farm equipment in a no passing zone. Pass only when enough clearance exists.
When passing, be extra cautious. Tractors and other farm equipment may be wider than they look from behind and may require ample space in both lanes.
Closure time is the time a driver has to recognize and respond when coming upon other vehicles. Immediately after seeing the slow-moving vehicle emblem, slow down and prepare to pass with caution.
If you do not begin to slow as soon as you see a farm vehicle, you might not have time to avoid a collision. So lets take a closer look at closure times
6 seconds 20 mph 192 ft 55 mph 20 mph 500 ft 55 mph 0 seconds
Caution and patience Watch for farm machinery note if it is spring planting or fall harvest season Keep a safe distance Allow enough room to pass Look for turning traffic The most common accident occurs when a slow-moving farm vehicle is turning left. Watch for long farm machinery Stay alert when driving in rural areas
Distracted driving is any NON-DRIVING activity a person engages in that has the potential to distract a driver from the primary task of driving and increases the risk of crashing.
Visual Manual Cognitive
20% of injury crashes in 2009 involved reports of distracted driving In 2009, 5,474 people were killed in crashes involving driver distraction 18% of fatalities in distraction related crashes report cell phone use as the distraction. Drivers who use hand-held devices are 4 times as likely to get into crashes serious enough to injure themselves. Using a cell phone, whether hand-held or hands free, delays the drivers reactions as much as having a blood alcohol concentration at the legal limit of.08 % It slows the drivers reaction time as slow as that of a 70 year old individual.
Exhaustion plays a part of more than 100,000 crashes each year. When you are driving drowsy, coffee will wake you up. Alcohol makes you sleep Being sleepy makes you make mistakes. A person can determine when they are about to fall asleep. Im a safe driver so it doesnt matter if Im sleepy when I drive Young people need less sleep. I cant take naps.
If you haven't received seven or eight hours of sleep the night before a trip, you're courting fatigue If possible, don't drive alone. Avoid long drives at night. Adjust your car's environment so that it helps keep you awake and alert. Watch your posture. Exercise fights fatigue. In addition to exercise breaks, stop for light meals and snacks. Avoid alcohol entirely. Don't allow your eyes to become fatigued or hypnotized. Break the monotony Sleep.
Seat belts are the single most effective traffic safety device for preventing death and injury, according to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration. More than 60 percent of people killed in crashes are not properly restrained A 2009 NHTSA study estimates more than 1,600 lives could be saved and 22,000 injuries prevented if seat belt use was 90 percent in every state, while the current average use is 88 percent.2009 NHTSA study
Ohios mandatory safety belt usage law requires drivers and front-seat occupants of most passenger vehicles to wear safety belts whenever they drive or ride in a motor vehicle on Ohios roadways. Anyone 15 and under All passengers when driver is a temporary permit holder
Seat belts help prevent internal injuries by spreading the force of a collision across two of the human bodys strongest areas –the pelvis and upper chest. The lap belt should be positioned across the upper thighs and the diagonal belt across the chest over the collarbone. Never slip the diagonal belt behind your body; the lap belt alone cannot prevent you from being thrown forward and out of the vehicle. Never slip the belt under your arm, it places the belt over the ribs which are not strong enough to withstand the forces of a crash. Broken ribs could cause serious internal injuries. Wearing a lap belt across the stomach, instead of low across the hips, allows collision forces to be applied to the soft tissue of the body, increasing the chance of injury. Lets see how to do it correctly
The Cars Collision The Human Collision The Internal Collision
Newtons First Law of Motion, the Law of Inertia An object in motion continues in motion with the same speed and in the same direction unless acted upon by an unbalanced force The law of inertia is most commonly experienced when riding in cars and trucks But what happens if you arent wearing your seat belt?
For the car crash scenario where a car stops in 1 foot from a speed of 30 mi/hr and drivers is 160 lbs. If firmly held in non-stretching seatbelt harness: Stopping distance 1 ft. Force= 2.4 tons Not wearing seatbelt, stopping distance determined by nature of collision with windshield, steering column, etc. : stopping distance 0.2 ft. Force = 12 tons If seat belt harness stretches, increasing stopping distance by 50%: 1.5 ft. Force = 1.6 tons
I don't need a safety belt when driving at slow speeds or short trips. Safety belts are uncomfortable and too confining. If I wear a safety belt, I might get trapped in a burning car or caught in one underwater. I might be saved if I am thrown clear of a car in a collision. When I see a collision happening, I will brace myself. I don't want to offend my passengers by telling them to buckle up.