Presentation on theme: "Insurance: Protecting What You Have. IN YOUR LIFE, WHAT DISASTERS COULD HAPPEN TOMORROW? PESSIMISTIC."— Presentation transcript:
Insurance: Protecting What You Have
IN YOUR LIFE, WHAT DISASTERS COULD HAPPEN TOMORROW? PESSIMISTIC
In this Unit, We will: Identify ways to manage risk Describe how insurance is used to protect against potential financial loss Explain the features and processes related to automobile insurance Examine how insurance needs vary from person to person because of lifestyle and life situation Assess how insurance fits into your financial plan
ExposureRisk Potential Loss Accident or Illness PropertyOwnership Liability Loss of income from inability to work; uninsured medical bills; death Your property is damaged, destroyed, lost, or stolen You are found liable for injuries to other people or damages to their property UNLIMITED UNLIMITED Amount needed to replace your property Common Exposures to Loss
Risk Management: refers to how you deal with the chance of a potential personal or financial loss. Avoid the RiskReduce the Risk Accept the RiskShare the Risk Risk Management
Why is It important to have insurance? Risk - chance of loss from an event that cannot be entirely controlled Emergency savings - at least six months of expenses set aside to cover costs of unexpected events Insurance - transfers risk from an individual to an insurance organization is managed by What are examples of unexpected events that may result in a financial loss?
Insurance Policy Policy - A contract that specifies what risks are covered and how much will be paid for losses Experts say that buying insurance is buying financial security. Do you think this is true? Why or why not? Coverage - The risks covered and amount of money paid for losses under an insurance policy Policyholder - Person who owns the policy Premium - Money paid to purchase the policy Insurance: a means of guaranteeing your financial protection against various risks
An Illustration of How Insurance Works Suppose there are 100 people in a group Insurance shifts the risk of big loss from the individual to the insurance company With a 1% chance that any one of them could get sick and require $10,000 in medical care But, no one knows who will get sick If each person pays $100 into a pool they will collectively have $10,000 to cover the medical costs of the person who gets sick So, everyone gives up $100, but nobody loses more than $ people do not collect anything, but they gain peace of mind and important protection against a large loss
The benefits of Insurance Payments received from an insurance policy can far exceed the premiums paid Provides financial security and peace of mind Why is the best outcome to have insurance but never collect on it? Types of Insurance Long-term Care Health Disability Life Property & Liability
The Insurance Process Claim - paperwork submitted to insurance organization describing the accident, illness or injury Deductible - amount of money paid out of pocket by policyholder before the insurance coverage begins Co-insurance - amount of money, after deductible, that is paid jointly by the insured and the insurance company Event occurs resulting in loss Policyholder makes claim to insurance organization Insurance organization determines if event is covered by policy If so, policyholder pays a deductible Remaining amount owed is paid by co- insurance (if applicable)
What Do You Think? One in 10 Americans visits the emergency room each year. Nearly 80% of crashes and 65% of near-crashes involve some form of driver inattention in the 3 seconds before the event. Nearly one in three Americans will become disabled for one year or more before the age of 65. In the United States, an automobile is stolen every 60 seconds. Seventy percent of all fatal bicycle crashes involve head injuries. Using lap and shoulder safety belts reduces the risk of fatal injury to front-seat auto occupants by 45% and the risk of moderate-to- critical injury by 50%. Sixteen-year-old drivers have crash rates that are three times greater than those of 17-year-old drivers and five times greater than those of 18-year-old drivers. A disabling injury occurs every minute. True False True False
Types of Insurance Automobile Homeowners Renters Health Life Disability Long-Term Care Identity theft Protection
?AVOIDNIGHTDRIVING ALWAYSWEARSEATBELTS? ? ? ?OBEYSPEEDLIMITS MANAGING LOSS FROM INJURY INJURY IN A CARACCIDENT
Drivers License Whats in Your Wallet! Health Insurance Auto Insurance
IT IS AGAINST THE LAW TO DRIVE WITHOUT CAR INSURANCE!!!
Factors Affecting Automobile Insurance Costs Your age Make of car Marital status Do you take the car to work? If youre a good student Gender Where you live How much you use the car Credit rating Drivers education Driving record Type of car
Auto Insurance What affects your premiums? Age: Younger you are, the higher the premium Gender: Males under the age of 25 have significantly higher accident rates than females under the age of 25, therefore higher premiums Marital Status: Married people are more careful drivers because they tend to have fewer accidents Type of Car
Auto Insurance What affects your premiums? How Often You Use Your Car Location: High populated areas = more accidents Driving Record: Speeding tickets and other traffic violations = higher premiums Claim Record: No accidents = lower premiums Credit History: Poor credit history = higher premiums
Did You Know? In the first year of driving, one in five 16-yearold drivers has an accident. Male teens are much less likely to wear their seat belts than female teens. And 7.7% of guys said they either rarely or never wear their seat belts compared with 2.8% of girls. Sixty-two percent of high school drivers say they talk on a cell phone while driving. Two-thirds of high school drivers say they speed. Injury claim frequencies and overall collision losses for cars driven by insured teenagers are more than double those of cars driven only by insured adults.
Main types of Auto Insurance Coverage's: 1.General Liability: Covers damage you cause to other peoples property and bodily injuries you cause to people outside of your car 2.Medical Payments: Cover immediate compensation for bodily injury expenses to you and your passengers regardless of who is at fault. – Also covers you and members of your household in any accident involving an automobile, whether you are on foot, on a bicycle, or in a friends car
Main types of Auto Insurance Coverage's: 3.Collision: Covers repairs for damage you cause to your car caused by an accident, whether it involves another vehicle or an object, such as a tree. A deductible applies to collision payments. This means that you pay the deductible amount first; your insurance company pays the amount over your deductible.
Main types of Auto Insurance Coverage's: 4.Comprehensive: (other non-collision damage) This covers fire damage to your vehicle, break- ins, vandalism, or theft, as well as natural disasters such as an earthquake, hail, hurricane, or flood. Covers everything EXCEPT an actual collision.
Main types of Auto Insurance Coverage's: 5.Uninsured Motorist: Covers your lost wages and medical expenses if you are in an accident with someone who doesnt have auto insurance 6.Underinsured Motorist: Covers you when the cost of repairs from an accident caused by another driver exceeds his or her coverage limits
Can You Lose Your Insurance? Fail to pay your premium Lose your drivers license Lied on your insurance application Fail to report a change in your circumstances, such as buying a sports car to replace a family sedan. Too many claims
Homeowners Insurance Insurance that protects property owners from property and liability risks – Includes coverage for the building as well as personal possessions inside the building 3 Types of Risks: – Fire, water, wind, and smoke – Criminal activity – Liability
Renters Insurance The landlord is responsible for the building Personal possessions that you keep in your rented home are YOUR responsibility to protect – not the landlords. Renters Policy – insurance that protects renters from property and liability risks. Protects from loss due to fire, smoke, water, etc Protects items at work or in your car Liability
Health Insurance Provides protection against financial losses resulting from injury, illness, and disability. Provide coverage for emergency or routine medical expenses. May cover hospital, surgical, dental, vision, long- term care, prescription, etc. If your parents have health insurance, it will cover you until you turn 19 years old, or until age 26 if youre a full-time student May be purchased by an individual, or through their employer
Health Insurance Co-Payment – amount of coverage that is shared between the insured and the insurer. Deductible Covered Expenses – expenses the insurer has agreed to pay in the policy Claims – requests for payments (doctors, hospitals, etc) Exclusions – exceptions to coverage agreed to in the policy Premiums
Life Insurance A contract between an insurer and policyholder specifying a sum to be paid to a beneficiary upon the insureds death. Beneficiary: the recipient of any policy proceeds if the insured person dies. Purpose is to provide money for family members or dependents when a wage earner dies.
Disability Insurance Replaces a portion of ones income if they become unable to work due to illness or injury Typically pays between 60% – 70% of ones full time wage Many employers offer disability insurance as part of the benefits package
Employee Benefits Hospitalization, Medical, & Disability Insurance Dental and Vision Insurance Accidental Death Insurance Sick Leave Paid Vacation Time and Holidays Parental Leave Workers Compensation Insurance Life Insurance Retirement Benefits Retirement Savings Plans Employee Assistance Programs