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Overview of Social Insurance in Sweden

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Presentation on theme: "Overview of Social Insurance in Sweden"— Presentation transcript:

1 Overview of Social Insurance in Sweden

2 Sweden - General Facts Area: 450,000 km2 (174,000 sq mi)
About 9,3 million inhabitants Average life expectancy from birth: men 77.9 years, women 82.4 years Capital: Stockholm (829,417 inhabitants). Greater Stockholm is about 2 million inhabitants Major cities: Göteborg (507,330), Malmö (293,909) Most common surname: Johansson

3 Population World’s oldest system of population records (church parish records from 1686) 71% live in nuclear families (1990 census) 80% live in urban areas and along the coast Most retire at age % retire at 65+ Very elderly (80+) 5.3% Fertility rate: presently 1.94 children per woman – Long-term average of ≈ 1.8

4 The Swedish Model Covers the entire population
Based on work or residence Provides both basic protection and income-related benefits Facilitates free movement between different employers and geographic regions Financed through a mixture of contributions and general tax revenues

5 Security in all phases of the life cycle
Support to families with children Sickness, disability & work injury insurance for loss of income Unemployment insurance, services & training Pension insurance Student allowances Health care, medicine and dental care Social assistance Care for the handicapped and elderly

6 Categories of Benefits
Social insurance payments are based on the Income Replacement Principle with a ceiling on contributions for pensions and on benefits for other payments. Guarantee levels for old age pensions, permanent disability, for the registered unemployed and for parental benefits. Allowances non-means tested (child allowance) and means-tested social assistance and housing allowances. Universal health for all residents and home care for aged (small co-payments)

7 Administrative Order Municipalities (290) County Councils (21)
care for children and families care for elderly social assistance (cash transfers) City Hall County Councils (21) health care in general The State cash transfers (social insurance)

8 Structure of Swedish Social Security
Supervisory Structure of Swedish Social Security Ministry of Finance Ministry of Health and Social Affairs Ministry of Labor Tax Authority Collects: National Board of Health and Welfare Supervises: Social Insurance Agency Pays: National Employment Agency Government National Financial Management Authority Acounting standards Sets standards and monitors results for financial performance and efficiency Parliament National Audit Office Social Insurance Supervisory Authority Unemployment Insurance Board Agency for Public Management Institute for LM Policy Evaluation Contributions Income taxes Value added tax All other taxes Independent auditor Audits of all government agencies Delivers to government and parliament Follows up and evaluates the management of public agencies Sickness and disability Family benefits Handicap benefits Health Care Services for parents, elderly and handicapped Social assistance Special programs Web based nationwide listing of available jobs Employer contacts Job search services Training, education programs Pensions Agency Pensions

9 Personal registration number
All citizens: Personal code number Date of birth Birth No. Control digit Introduced in 1947 (1967)

10 Organisation before 2005 RFV - supervising government agency, head office in Stockholm IT-department in Sundsvall, Kalix, Söderhamn and Karlskrona 21 independent social insurance offices Individual case management

11 The administrative reform
22 organisations 22 forms of governance 22 cultures One organisation One committee One principal 1 January 2005

12 A coherent government agency The Government’s demands:
Clear leadership Common attitudes One single human resource policy With the objective to break the development of the ill-health absence

13 The Swedish Social Insurance Agency
54 million pay outs a year (including pensions) 15 national and 53 local insurance centre 5 Customer Center and Self Service Around 260 local offices Around 12,900 employees Stockholm – head office

14 Citizens meet Försäkringskassan in different ways (yearly basis)
Customer centre 8.8 million telephone calls 2.3 million service telephone transactions 19.6 million visits of which 8.2 million to My pages (Mina sidor) sms Internet Local offices 1.1 million visits 45 million letters sent 644 different forms Letters and forms

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