Presentation on theme: "9.4 War with Mexico Objectives:"— Presentation transcript:
19.4 War with Mexico Objectives: To summarize the conflicting attitudes on waging war with MexicoTo describe key battles that helped the United States win the war with MexicoTo identify U.S. territories gained from Mexico.
4War with Mexico! US declares war Polk wants the whole Texas, Cali. and N. MexicoBorder issue with Mexico – Nueces or Rio Grande? (2:00 min)President Polk tries to buy California from Mexico and negotiate the true border. His envoy, John Slidell, is refused.Polk orders Gen. Zachary Taylor and 4,000 men to the Rio Grande (Mexico believes the border is the Nueces River)April 25, 1846 Mexican troops kill 11 Americans“They have spilled American blood on American soil!!!”Spot resolution (Abraham Lincoln)US declares warSlavery again becomes a huge issue (Wilmot Proviso)War with Mexico!
5Charles Sumner“The lives of Mexicans are sacrificed in this cause; and a domestic question, which should be reserved for the bloodless debate in our own country, is transferred to the fields of battle in a foreign land.”What does he mean by this?
7The course of the warStephen Kearny “liberates” New Mexico without a shot firedJohn C. Fremont in Nothern California and declare the “Bear Flag Republic” in 1846.Gen. Zachary Taylor defeats overwhelming Mexican forces at Buena VistaGen. Winfield Scott is victorious at Veracruz. Leads US troops to Mexico City 1847, wins victory against great odds.
9Peace Now or More War? Debate of 1847 Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo signed in 1848, US to pay $15 million for land gained and assume claims of US citizens against MexicoDivision in CongressWhigs call for end of war.Expansionists want to continue the invasionGadsden Purchase extends US border south to current boundary for $10 million in 1853.
10Mexican War: After Effects Increases the US by 1/3More land than acquired in LA PurchaseUS establishes the power of its military to foreign powersSlavery issue is increasingly divisiveBitter relations with Mexico
11Election of 1848War Hero Zachary Taylor becomes the 12th President
12California Gold Rush!!! S.F. 1847, 1850 January 1848 gold discovered at Sutter’s Mill in California.Americans everywhere drop everything, literally, and rush to California, called the gold rush.Migration to CA jumps from 400 in to 44,000 in 1850.New migrants call themselves “forty- niners.”California applies for statehood as a free state.
13TERMS James K. Polk Zachary Taylor Objectives: Stephen Kearney Bear Flag RepublicWinfield ScottTreaty of Guadalupe HidalgoGadsden PurchaseForty-ninersGold rushObjectives:To summarize the conflicting attitudes on waging war with MexicoTo describe key battles that helped the United States win the war with MexicoTo identify U.S. territories gained from Mexico.