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1 Peter 3:13-16 Colossians 1:6-10 2 Corinthians 10:3-5.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Peter 3:13-16 Colossians 1:6-10 2 Corinthians 10:3-5."— Presentation transcript:

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2 1 Peter 3:13-16 Colossians 1: Corinthians 10:3-5

3 13 Who is going to harm you if you are eager to do good? 14 But even if you should suffer for what is right, you are blessed. "Do not fear what they fear; do not be frightened." 15 But in your hearts set apart Christ as Lord. Always be prepared to give an answer to everyone who asks you to give the reason for the hope that you have. But do this with gentleness and respect, 16 keeping a clear conscience, so that those who speak maliciously against your good behaviour in Christ may be ashamed of their slander. 1 Peter 3:13-16

4 6 So then, just as you received Christ Jesus as Lord, continue to live in him, 7 rooted and built up in him, strengthened in the faith as you were taught, and overflowing with thankfulness. 8 See to it that no one takes you captive through hollow and deceptive philosophy, which depends on human tradition and the basic principles of this world rather than on Christ. 9 For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, 10 and you have been given fullness in Christ, who is the head over every power and authority. Colossians 1:6-10

5 3 For though we live in the world, we do not wage war as the world does. 4 The weapons we fight with are not the weapons of the world. On the contrary, they have divine power to demolish strongholds. 5 We demolish arguments and every pretension that sets itself up against the knowledge of God, and we take captive every thought to make it obedient to Christ. 2 Corinthians 10:3-5

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7 Positive : presents a rational case for Christian truth claims. Natural theology Christian evidence Negative : deals with objections to those claims. Objections to Gods existence Objections to Christianity in particular

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9 Arguments for the existence of God Cosmological [contingency and temporal] Teleological Moral Ontological

10 To get beyond mere theism we need to show that the god demonstrated by natural theology is in fact the Christian God. Fulfilled prophecy Jesus of Nazareth Jesus miracles and resurrection

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13 Ask a question Buy time, get information, take control What do you mean? Why hold that view? Burden of proof How did you come to that conclusion. Tell me a little more about what you mean Lead the discussion. Im not sure I agree with you, why not think about it this way…

14 Discussions with those who choose not to believe in God Believing in God is like believing a fairy story Science has disproved God or at least removed the need for God. The the origin of life has been explained – it all resulted from blind chance. The universe was not created – that is just nonsense – it has always been there. Believing in God is like believing a fairy story Science has disproved God or at least removed the need for God. The the origin of life has been explained – it all resulted from blind chance. The universe was not created – that is just nonsense – it has always been there.

15 Discussions with those who choose not to believe in God Darwin sorted out the mystery of life with the theory of evolution. Being a Christian is just believing in stuff which is fanciful, like leprechauns, the Loch Ness monster, Fairies or Santa Claus. There is no real evidence for Gods existence – where is God? Darwin sorted out the mystery of life with the theory of evolution. Being a Christian is just believing in stuff which is fanciful, like leprechauns, the Loch Ness monster, Fairies or Santa Claus. There is no real evidence for Gods existence – where is God?

16 Discussions with those who choose not to believe in God Humans are just part of the animal kingdom – advanced apes! Good and evil are just ideas which arose from human culture. Morality just provides a convenient way to live in harmony. If an all powerful all loving God existed – there would be no pain and suffering in the world. Humans are just part of the animal kingdom – advanced apes! Good and evil are just ideas which arose from human culture. Morality just provides a convenient way to live in harmony. If an all powerful all loving God existed – there would be no pain and suffering in the world.

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18 The existence of God The Kalām Cosmological Argument Whatever begins to exist has a cause The universe has a cause

19 The existence of God The Moral Argument If God does not exist, objective moral values do not exist God exists

20 The existence of God The fine-tuning of the universe is due to either physical necessity, chance, or design. It is not due to physical necessity or chance. Therefore It is not due to physical necessity or chance. Therefore The universe is due to design The Design Argument The existence of God

21 Fossil record Origin of life Irreducible complexity Information

22 Why Christianity is right! and all the other isms are wrong.

23 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, 15 since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.) Romans 2 God is recognisable in nature and morality 20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. Romans 1

24 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, 15 since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.) Romans 2 God is recognisable in nature and morality 20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. Romans 1

25 14 (Indeed, when Gentiles, who do not have the law, do by nature things required by the law, they are a law for themselves, even though they do not have the law, 15 since they show that the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, their consciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts now accusing, now even defending them.) Romans 2 God is recognisable in nature and morality 20 For since the creation of the world God's invisible qualitieshis eternal power and divine naturehave been clearly seen, being understood from what has been made, so that men are without excuse. Romans 1

26 Pluralism How can I say that Christianity is right and the others are wrong? Because reason and rationality demand it. How can I say that Christianity is right and the others are wrong? Because reason and rationality demand it. 'to say of what is that it is, and of what is not that it is not, is true.' Aristotle Truth - in classical philosophy Aristotle contemplating a ust of Homer, Rembrandt, 1653

27 The evidence for the historical accuracy of the record of the resurrection.

28 "Had there been any tendency to depart from the facts in any material respect, the possible presence of hostile witnesses in the audience would have served as a further corrective." FF Bruce Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism, University of Manchester "Had there been any tendency to depart from the facts in any material respect, the possible presence of hostile witnesses in the audience would have served as a further corrective." FF Bruce Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism, University of Manchester I claim to be an historian. My approach to Classics is historical. And I tell you that the evidence for the life, the death, and the resurrection of Christ is better authenticated than most of the facts of ancient history... E. M. Blaiklock Professor of Classics Auckland University I claim to be an historian. My approach to Classics is historical. And I tell you that the evidence for the life, the death, and the resurrection of Christ is better authenticated than most of the facts of ancient history... E. M. Blaiklock Professor of Classics Auckland University There exists no document from the ancient world, witnessed by so excellent a set of textual and historical testimonies... Scepticism regarding the historical credentials of Christianity is based upon an irrational bias. Clark Pinnock McMaster University There exists no document from the ancient world, witnessed by so excellent a set of textual and historical testimonies... Scepticism regarding the historical credentials of Christianity is based upon an irrational bias. Clark Pinnock McMaster University If the New Testament were a collection of secular writings, their authenticity would generally be regarded as beyond all doubt. FF Bruce Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism, University of Manchester If the New Testament were a collection of secular writings, their authenticity would generally be regarded as beyond all doubt. FF Bruce Rylands Professor of Biblical Criticism, University of Manchester

29 Key facts – Key evidence 12 But if it is preached that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith. 15 More than that, we are then found to be false witnesses about God, for we have testified about God that he raised Christ from the dead. But he did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised either. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins. 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost. 19 If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are to be pitied more than all men. 1 Corinthians But if it is preached that Christ has been raised from the dead, how can some of you say that there is no resurrection of the dead? 13 If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised, our preaching is useless and so is your faith. 15 More than that, we are then found to be false witnesses about God, for we have testified about God that he raised Christ from the dead. But he did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised either. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins. 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep in Christ are lost. 19 If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are to be pitied more than all men. 1 Corinthians 15

30 Key facts – Key evidence Broken Roman Seal Large stone moved Empty tomb Roman guard - overcome Grave clothes tell a tale Jesus' appearances confirmed … over 500 witnesses Broken Roman Seal Large stone moved Empty tomb Roman guard - overcome Grave clothes tell a tale Jesus' appearances confirmed … over 500 witnesses

31 A collection of first century Greek documents No assumption as to their reliability other than the way any sources of ancient history would be regarded.

32 Author Homer Herodotus Thucydides Caesar Tacitus Pliny Secundus Book Iliad History Gallic Wars Annals Natural History Written 800 B.C B.C B.C B.C. A.D. 100 A.D Earliest copy 400 B.C. A.D. 900 A.D A.D. 850 Time Gap c. 400 yrs. c. 1,350 yrs. c. 1,300 yrs. c. 1,000 yrs. c. 750 yrs. New Testament yrs. 100 yrs. 225 yrs. A.D.114 (portions) A.D. 200 (books) A.D. 325 (complete) A.D Authenticity and accuracy

33 643 20

34 Authenticity and accuracy Homer Herodotus Thucydides Caesar Tacitus Pliny NT Homer

35 "In real terms, the New Testament is easily the best attested ancient writing in terms of the sheer number of documents, the time span between the events and the documents, and the variety of documents available to sustain or contradict it. There is nothing in ancient manuscript evidence to match such textual availability and integrity." Ravi Zacharias

36 3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, 5 and that he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, as to one abnormally born. 1 Corinthians 15:3-8

37 This probably goes back at least to Pauls fact-finding visit to Jerusalem around AD 36, when he spent two weeks with Peter and James. 18 Then after three years, I went up to Jerusalem to get acquainted with Peter and stayed with him fifteen days. 19 I saw none of the other apostles only James, the Lord's brother. 20 I assure you before God that what I am writing you is no lie. Galatians 1

38 Earliest account – Mark Smooth continuously running narrative. Age lends authenticity. As a member of the Jewish court that condemned Jesus, Joseph of Arimathea is unlikely to be a Christian invention. No other competing burial story exists!

39 The fact that womens testimony was discounted in first century Palestine stands in favour of the womens role in discovering the empty tomb. Testimony of women was regarded as so worthless that it could not even be admitted into a Jewish court of law. [Josephus] Any later legendary story would certainly have made male disciples discover the empty tomb.

40 The earliest Jewish allegation that the disciples had stolen Jesus body (Matt 28:15) confirms that the it was missing. The location of Jesus burial place would have been common knowledge in Jerusalem.

41 he appeared to Peter, and then to the Twelve. 6 After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep. 7 Then he appeared to James, then to all the apostles, 8 and last of all he appeared to me also, 1 Cor 15

42 some sort of powerful, transformative experience is required to generate the sort of movement earliest Christianity was.... Luke Johnson, Emory University that is why, as a historian, I cannot explain the rise of early Christianity unless Jesus rose again, leaving an empty tomb behind him. NT Wright

43 Disciples believed that Jesus was risen Multiple post mortem appearances Jesus tomb was found empty Jesus was buried by Joseph of Arimathea

44 Swoon theory Twin theory Hallucination theory Wrong tomb Stolen body Legend Quranic account

45 But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. Acts 2:24

46 It has great explanatory scope It has great explanatory power It is plausible It is not ad hoc or contrived It is in accord with accepted beliefs It far outstrips any of its rival hypotheses But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. Acts 2:24

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48 What atheists cannot explain … The origin of the universe out of nothing The design of the universe The source of the fine tuning in the universe The explanation of the numerous constants The laws of logic The laws of mathematics The laws of causality The origin of objective moral values The origin of human rights The origin and design of life The origin of intelligence The origin of love The origin of beauty The resurrection of Jesus from the dead

49 31 For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead." Acts 17: For he has set a day when he will judge the world with justice by the man he has appointed. He has given proof of this to all men by raising him from the dead." Acts 17:29-31

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