The Protestant Reformation The Challenging of the Church
A PROTEST against Church Abuses and a REFORM movement in the Christian Church. Prior to the Reformation many Europeans Christians were Roman Catholic People like Martin Luther wanted to get rid of the corruption and restore the peoples faith in the church
100 Years War and Black Death Scientific Advances which contradicted the Church The Corruption within the Catholic Church Availability of printed books such as the Bible. Revival of education in Europe; which emphasized critical thinking.
Gutenbergs Printing Press Before the press was invented, books had to be written by hand After the plague decimated the population of Europe, new technologies were created to make up for the lack of workers The printing press helped spread information to the masses very quickly Helped to spread Reformation literature
Abuses of the Church Pope Leo Xs lifestyle. Very wealthy lifestyle based on gifts to the church Very influential in Italian politics Sales of Indulgences. An indulgence was a pardon. It released a sinner from performing the penalty that a priest imposed for sins. Indulgences were not supposed to affect God's right to judge, but they gave people the impression that by buying indulgences, they could buy their way into heaven. Sales of Relics (relics, which can include the fragments of saints' bodies, pieces of clothing or rosaries, serve as mementos of the individual saint.) Sales of Church Offices.
Martin Luther Lived from 1483-1546 in Germany Criticized Church practices and the leadership of the Church in 95 Theses. Posted his 95 Theses on Church doors in Germany Printing Press made it possible for Luther to spread his beliefs
The Trial of Luther The Diet of Worms This was a meeting in the city of Worms 1520 Pope Leo X order Luther to give up his beliefs Luther burned the order and was excommunicated Luther went into hiding where he translated the New Testament into German – spreading his beliefs even further
He was the Pope during the height of the corruption
John Calvin John Calvin (1509AD) Geneva, Switzerland Key Doctrine: Predestination: a belief that God alone directs past, present, future. At birth it is decided if you will go to heaven or hell Church body regulated behavior – drinking, gambling, card playing forbidden Takes hold in France & Scotland
Results of the Reformation GREAT SCHISM There is another GREAT SCHISM within the world of Christians