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Promoting Inter-Continental Cooperation Monty Jones Executive Secretary Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa FARA-FORAGRO.

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Presentation on theme: "Promoting Inter-Continental Cooperation Monty Jones Executive Secretary Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa FARA-FORAGRO."— Presentation transcript:

1 Promoting Inter-Continental Cooperation Monty Jones Executive Secretary Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa FARA-FORAGRO

2 African agriculture One in three persons is undernourished One in three persons is undernourished One third of children under five in developing countries are stunted due to inadequate feeding and poor health One third of children under five in developing countries are stunted due to inadequate feeding and poor health Numbers of undernourished children in Africa are increasing Numbers of undernourished children in Africa are increasing

3 Africa is hungry even though agriculture accounts for: 60% of labour 20% of total merchandise 17% of GDP Africa is rich in human & natural resources but its agriculture has complex problems: Socially Technically Environmentally Agriculture: engine of economic growth

4 African Challenges to increase productivity Outdated (manual) practices Outdated (manual) practices Highly variable production environment Highly variable production environment Large, but poorly understood and Large, but poorly understood and underutilized biological diversity High levels of biodiversity loss High levels of biodiversity loss Inadequate human capacity and infrastructure Inadequate human capacity and infrastructure Need to increase food production without further loss of natural resources including biodiversity

5 The New Partnership for Agricultural Development (NEPAD) and its Comprehensive Africa Agricultural Development Program (CAADP) recognize that agriculture and agro-industry is the engine for African development require a major systematic commitment to science and technology African leadership

6 The Forum for Agricultural Research in Africa (FARA) Vision Call for 6% annual growth rate in agriculture by year 2020 Mission To enhance and add value to the effectiveness and efficiency of AR4D systems in Africa in order to contribute to agricultural development and economic growth and sustainable use of natural resources Functions 1. Advocacy and constituency building 2. Promoting partnerships 3. Improving exchange of information Joint exploration of collaborative opportunities in partnerships and information sharing and exchange ASARECA CORAF SADC/FANR Sub-regional agricultural research organizations

7 Requirements to achieve inter-continental partnerships 1. a new innovation systems approach to agricultural research for development 2. the human capacity to implement, internalise and upscale new approaches to researchers, change agents, processors, marketers, and not least policy makers 3. immediate applications that can make a difference and restore credibility in agricultural development 4. the financial resources that is needed to carry out required reforms and investments 5.Scientists and Change Agents better able to retrieve and contribute to global knowledge of agricultural science & development Functional partnerships

8 Sub Saharan Africa Challenge Program New Innovation Systems Approach Building sustainable livelihoods through integrated agricultural research for development Principles Foster synergies among disciplines and institutions Renewed commitment to change at all levels from farmers to national and international policy makers Draws on available knowledge & best-bet technologies Pilot learning teams formed to identify problems Interventions driven by local needs

9 Supporting pillars 1.Organizational and Institutional Change 2.Capacity building 3.Information and Knowledge Management 4.Ongoing monitoring and evaluation Objectives Sustainable management of natural resources Sustainable management of natural resources Intensification of smallholder farming systems Intensification of smallholder farming systems Development of functional agricultural markets Development of functional agricultural markets Development of enabling policies Development of enabling policies Sub Saharan Africa Challenge Program New Innovation Systems Approach Building sustainable livelihoods through integrated agricultural research for development

10 SSA CP pilot learning sites Categories East Africa West-Central Africa Southern Africa Countries DR Congo, Rwanda, Uganda Niger, Nigeria Zimbabwe, Mozambique, Malawi Area Lake Kivu Katsina-Matsina transect Northern corridor Parameters length of growing period length of growing period 9 9 2.5 – 6 5 – 10 annual rainfall annual rainfall 1,500 – 2,000 500 – 1,100 700 – 800 relief relief mostly mountainous 1,500 – 1,800 masi Mostly flat, interspersed with inland valleys Mountainous to flat 1,000 – 1,500 masi population density population density 42 people/km 218 people/km 42 people/km representative of area (km 2 ) representative of area (km 2 )1,391,000513,0001,391,000 rep of human population rep of human population 69 millioin 51 million 93 million Major germplasm Coffee, tea, pyrethrum, banana, potato, sorghum, maize, rice, beans, vegetables, agro- forestry, livestock Pearl millet, sorghum, maize, upland rice and wheat, groundnut, cowpea, soybean, cotton, cassava, sweet potato, cattle, sheep, goat, poultry Maize, sorghum, beans, groundnuts, pigeon pea, chickpea, cowpea, cassava, banana, sweet potato

11 Building Capacity BASIC: Building African Scientific and Institutional Capacity Strengthens capacity of African Universities and colleges to build the required human capacity Strengthens capacity of African Universities and colleges to build the required human capacity African universities determines the demand and first assist each other African universities determines the demand and first assist each other Northern universities responds by strengthening pedagogy Northern universities responds by strengthening pedagogy The research institutions (international and national) will provide locally relevant research-based teaching materials The research institutions (international and national) will provide locally relevant research-based teaching materials the African universities will disseminate the outcomes and products to other African universities the African universities will disseminate the outcomes and products to other African universities

12 Building African Scientific and Institutional Capacity ANAFE ICRA/NATURA/ NASLGUC CGIAR/ICTG CGIAR Centre African University African University African University Northern University Northern University Northern University Pedagogical development Course material FARA

13 DONATA : Dissemination of new agricultural technologies in Africa maximize the potential of research to make a difference and restore credibility in agricultural development maximize the potential of research to make a difference and restore credibility in agricultural development Identify common opportunities and problems in dissemination of different technologies and lessons learnt for rapid dissemination Identify common opportunities and problems in dissemination of different technologies and lessons learnt for rapid dissemination Initial portfolio of technologies: Initial portfolio of technologies: NERICA NERICA Tissue Culture Banana Tissue Culture Banana IR-maize for striga control IR-maize for striga control improved cassava improved cassava natural resource management tools natural resource management tools Immediate applications (DONATA)

14 MAPP: Multi-country Agricultural Productivity Program resources that African agricultural research systems require to carry out the required reforms and investments resources that African agricultural research systems require to carry out the required reforms and investments IAC report highlights need for increased investment in agricultural research for Africas development IAC report highlights need for increased investment in agricultural research for Africas development Subregional consultations and workshops Subregional consultations and workshops raising awareness, seeking feedback and buy-in raising awareness, seeking feedback and buy-in Financial resources

15 FARA-RAIS: FARA Regional Agricultural Information System Gowth in available information and improvement in information infrastructure not used effectively by African end-users Gowth in available information and improvement in information infrastructure not used effectively by African end-users Concern shared by stakeholders e.g.NARIs, NARS, SROs, GFAR, FAO, CABi, CTA, Infosys, TEAL and many others Concern shared by stakeholders e.g.NARIs, NARS, SROs, GFAR, FAO, CABi, CTA, Infosys, TEAL and many others FARA to catalyse providers and transmitters of information FARA to catalyse providers and transmitters of information Create awareness Create awareness Capacity building Capacity building Enabling integration Enabling integration Governance Governance Global knowledge

16 Main opportunities for cooperation Innovative systems approach Innovative systems approach Facilitation and mentoring; impact assessment Facilitation and mentoring; impact assessment Building capacity Building capacity University linkages University linkages Immediate application of technologies Immediate application of technologies Technological capacities and dissemination methodologies (laboratories/training) Technological capacities and dissemination methodologies (laboratories/training) Global knowledge sharing Global knowledge sharing GFARs GLOBAL_Alliance GFARs GLOBAL_Alliance Regional Agricultural Information Systems Regional Agricultural Information Systems

17 Summary Enhancing agricultural efficiency in Africa to contribute to economic growth and sustainability requires a positive long-term strategy … …which could be achieved through investments in science, higher education and research

18 In Africa … Famine, food insecurity and malnutrition have many complex causes… Defeating them requires global partnerships

19 Thank you


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