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Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova.

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Presentation on theme: "Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova."— Presentation transcript:

1 Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova

2 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 57.3 % 57.3 % of subjects believe that the problem with the corruption in higher education is not controlled by the concerned authorities

3 Admissions Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova

4 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 76,7 % of students have heard about illegal ways of admission 38,4 % believe that in their faculties there are possibilities to bypass the official selection process 41 % of students are considered to have used illegal methods of admission at the faculties 39,9% 39,9% of subjects have colleagues and friends who bypassed the official selection process

5 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 37.9% Criteria in admissions tests used for admitting students who can bribe? 36.6% Exam used for an admission that is received as a part of being tutored by a University professor? 32.4% Any illegal change in the quotas of those who pay and dont pay? ? 17.5% Case of illegal activities concerning students ranked in the admissions list (such as improper rearrangement of the list)? 36.1% A possibility for admission test scores to be illegally changed? The most frequent methods of illegal admission

6 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 12.5% 12.5% have been in a situation of buying the admission exam 5.6% 5.6% accepted the offer made by mediator, professor, colleague, administrator invoking reasons like: To pass my exams Because everybody else did it To get better results To receive a scholarship (to be a budget student) It was easier this way 3.3% 3.3% didnt accept the offer because: Because I trust my knowledge It is against my principles I was sure that I am able to pass the exams with my own forces I was not sure about the success I did not have the necessary amount

7 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova The reasons of not reporting he corrupted person are: I didnt consider this as necessary It could have caused me troubles It was for my own use The competent bodies are not able of solving anything He/she is a good friend I did not know whom to turn to

8 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 3,8% of subjects have bypassed the official selection process by: Offering money to the teacher Paying the dean Buying the admission exams Through particular hours Through intermediaries

9 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 22.5% would agreed to be illegally accepted in the faculty knowing that they wouldnt be caught The acceptable penalties if they were caught in an illegal admission activity: Expulsion and the rigorous verification the next time during the admission exams Penalty by doubling/tripling the paid amount Any penalties is not acceptable To punish both parties according to the law Repeating the year / no admission at any other university during that year Harsh reproof No scholarship and payment of the contract I would not avoid it Not to allow to continue the studies at that university

10 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova students in Moldova have been in a situation of buying an admission exam of them have accepted the offer students would not mind to be admitted at the university using some illegal method, if they will not be caught.

11 Grades Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova

12 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 46% 46% of subjects have heard about bribing for exams 44.5% 44.5% of students from the faculty are considered to be corrupted 28% of subjects have paid for exams or grades 29% 29% have paid for passing an exam

13 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 30.6% would offer a bribe to pass an exam or to receive a certain grade 30.6% would offer a bribe to pass an exam or to receive a certain grade 58.2% 58.2% would offer bribe for an exam, if you they don't see any other chance of passing

14 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova

15 55.6 % 55.6 % of subjects believe that in their faculty there are professors abusing their right to examine openly in order to ease or help certain students 46.5% 46.5% of subjects consider that in their faculty there are professors making their examinations more difficult in order to get a bribe

16 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova

17 18.3 % 18.3 % would report if they heard about case of bribing for taking an exam to: Dean – 7.2% Students organizations – 4.9% Administration – 3.5% Police – 2.2% 64.6% 64.6% wouldnt report because Denunciation of one single case would not change anything I am afraid of the consequences It is only about the people who take and give bribe I can not prove it The teachers are to blame It is not correct related to my colleagues Maybe I will give bribe someday too I do not want to look ridiculous I do not know whom to address Teachers take bribe to survive, due to the law salaries

18 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova The attitude of the students parents position towards giving bribe is the following: They are totally against – 45.7 % They do not know about bribe and do not give anything – 11% They give me money to bribe, if I dont pass exams or to get higher marks – 8.6% They would be ready to bribe – 6,8% I am not interested in their opinion – 5.3% They do not give money to me, but take bribing as something normal – 3.4% They are indifferent towards it – 2% They suggest me to bribe – 2.0%

19 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova

20 75% 75% of subjects do not know the penalties for a professor who takes bribes from students 79.2% 79.2% of subjects do not know the penalties for a student who offers bribes to professors

21 Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova Administration

22 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova Bribing during exam period – 32,4% Admission – 10,6% Accommodation in students hostels – 7,4% Different cases – 6% Passing to the budget, on the account of the people who take an academic leave – 1,4% Expulsion (bribing for keeping the student status) – 1,4% Job repartition – 0,5% Absences from classes – 0,5% Scholarships – 0,5% 21,6 % from respondents have heard about different cases of corruption in their universities administration

23 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 58,4 % of respondents consider that students that live in a dormitory, have paid or done a favor or given a gift to a member of the administration in order to get the place in the dorm 69,2 % consider a university administrator to be a profitable job

24 Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova Textbooks

25 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 31,9 % 31,9 % bought a textbook created by the professor as a condition of passing an exam 90,75 % 90,75 % of respondents consider text books that the professor insisted to buy totally useless and 0.3 % 0.3 % consider that it turned to be useful lately

26 Cheating Corruption in Higher Education in the Republic of Moldova

27 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova 21,4 % 21,4 % of respondents assured that they have never cheated Cribs, paper notes, small-sized notebook – 24,7% Different / a lot – 9,9% From the notebook / manual – 6,2% The teacher has to allow it – 1,7% From the colleagues – 1,3 Depends on the exam – 0,8%

28 Corruption in Higher Education Institutions in the Republic of Moldova

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