Presentation on theme: "EVERY ARTIST INSURED: NAVIGATING THE ACA Artists Health Insurance Resource Center A program of The Actors Fund Renata Marinaro, Eastern Region Health."— Presentation transcript:
EVERY ARTIST INSURED: NAVIGATING THE ACA Artists Health Insurance Resource Center A program of The Actors Fund Renata Marinaro, Eastern Region Health Svcs Director 917-281-5975, email@example.com
Words to know Co-pay Co-insurance Deductible Premium Out-of-pocket maximum HMO & POS/PPO Federal Poverty Level Marketplace Advanced Premium Tax Credit (aka subsidy)
Children under age 19 with pre-existing conditions cant be denied coverage. Young adults up to age 26 (in NY, through age 29) can stay on or enroll in their parents coverage. Note: special rules apply for coverage from age 26-29. Insurers cant retroactively cancel the policies of people who get sick. What has health care reform done for me so far?
All new plans must cover certain preventive services for free. These include: certain breast, colon and cervical cancer screenings; blood pressure, diabetes and cholesterol tests; vaccines, immunizations, and flu shots; and HIV & STD testing. Insurers cant impose annual or lifetime dollar limits on medical benefits. What has health care reform done for me so far?
Insurers cant refuse coverage to anyone, or exclude pre- existing conditions Most people will be mandated to have coverage or pay a penalty. In 2014, the penalty is $95 or 1% of your income, whichever is greater. Medicaid eligibility in roughly half the states will be expanded to people with incomes up to 138% of FPL (approx $15,856/yr or $1,322 per month) What happens in 2014?
New insurance marketplaces, called Exchanges or Marketplaces, will offer insurance to those who dont get it through their employer or Medicare. Subsidies will be available to people who buy insurance through an exchange with income less than 400% of the Federal Poverty Level. ($45,960) Enrollment in Exchanges will begin Oct 1, 2013 and end March 31, 2014. What happens in 2014?
YES!! Penalty increases from $95 ($47.50 per child) or 1% of income in 2014, whichever is greater, to $695 or 2.5% of income in 2016. Exceptions include: Native Americans, those w/religious objections, undocumented immigrants, those who dont meet tax filing threshold ($9,350 single), people whove been uninsured for less than 3 mo. You will file proof of coverage with your taxes. The penalty is prorated by the number of months youre uninsured. Do I have to have insurance in 2014?
Employers do not have to offer coverage. However, starting January 1, 2015, those with 50 or more FTE employees will have to pay a penalty if they dont. If an employee chooses to opt out of an employers coverage, they will still have to be insured or pay a penalty. Employees who are offered coverage and choose not to take it will not be eligible for subsidies to pay for coverage through the Marketplace, unless the employers plan fails to meet certain benefit guidelines. Im an employer. Do I have to offer insurance?
Businesses with fewer than 25 FTEs with average yearly wages of less than $50,000 may qualify. To receive the credit, the employer must offer a group health plan and pay at least 50% of the premium. The credit is equal to a percentage of what the employer pays. For 2014, the maximum credit is 35% of the employers contribution (for non-profits), and 50% (for for-profits). For more information: http://www.irs.gov/uac/Small-Business- Health-Care-Tax-Credit-for-Small-Employershttp://www.irs.gov/uac/Small-Business- Health-Care-Tax-Credit-for-Small-Employers What is the small business tax credit and how do I know if Im eligible?
You can buy insurance as an individual on the Marketplace, without having to worry about being turned down for pre- existing conditions, or paying more because of your medical history or gender. This increases your options and will reduce premiums for those with lower to middle incomes. You may qualify for Medicaid if your income is under $15,856 (single). Im self-employed. How will this affect me?
If you dont get it through your job or a public program, you can buy it directly through an insurer, a broker, or through whats called an Exchange or the Marketplace. An Exchange/Marketplace is an online private insurance marketplace. You can compare plans and buy coverage on the website or apply by mail. Only plans that meet certain quality and affordability guidelines will be allowed to sell on the Marketplace. Marketplaces will also administer the new subsidies and help enroll people in Medicaid and the Child Health Insurance Program (CHIP). Where will I buy insurance?
In New York, the Marketplace is called New York State of Health. Visit http://www.nystateofhealth.ny.gov/ or call 1- 855-355-5777.http://www.nystateofhealth.ny.gov/ In California, the Marketplace is called Covered California. Visit http://www.coveredca.com/ or call 1-800-300-1506http://www.coveredca.com/ In all other states, visit www.healthcare.gov or call 1-800- 318-2596 to be directed to the Marketplace in your state. This website and phone number will also direct you to local Navigators and In Person Assistors who can help you apply.www.healthcare.gov How do I find the Marketplace in my state?
The initial open enrollment period for plans on the Marketplace is October 1, 2013 - March 31, 2014. In an open enrollment period, youre free to sign up for a plan or switch plans. Only in limited circumstances will you be able to enroll in or switch plans outside of this period. Circumstances that would trigger a special enrollment period include: losing job-based insurance, losing Medicaid coverage because of an increase in income, marriage, divorce, and the birth or adoption of a child. When can I enroll?
Considerations when picking a plan Cost of Care Premium Deductible Out of Pocket Max PCP Specialist Hospitalization Access to Care Network Doctors Hospitals Benefits Consider your health status/needs! Quality of Care Independent ratings Opinions from family and friends Feedback from doctors/providers Personal experience
Tier% of costs covered by insurer DeductibleConsumers max out of pockets costs Bronze60%N/A$6,350 Silver70%N/A Gold80%N/A Platinum90%N/A Catastrophic100% after deductible $6,400N/A What will the federally-run Exchange plans look like? Note that the catastrophic plan is only available to those who are under age 30
What are the federally mandated essential benefits for every state? Outpatient services (such as office visits) emergency services hospitalization maternity and newborn care mental health and substance abuse services prescription drugs rehabilitative services and devices laboratory services preventive and wellness services chronic disease management pediatric services, including oral and vision care
Tier% of costs covered by insurer DeductibleConsumers max out of pockets costs Bronze60%$3,300$6,350 Silver70%$2,000$5,500 Gold80%$600$4,000 Platinum90%$0$2,000 Catastrophic100% after deductible $6,350 What will the plans look like in NY? * For all plans except the Bronze and Catastrophic plans, the deductible does not apply to drugs
What are the benefits on the New York Marketplace? Hospitalization Office visits (PCP & Specialist) Emergency Room Ambulance Mental Health treatment Substance Abuse treatment Medications Diagnostic and lab work Preventive Screenings (free) Maternity care Chiropraxis Gym reimbursement!
Tier% of costs covered by insurer DeductibleConsumers max out of pockets costs Bronze60%$5,000*$6,400 Silver70%$2,000**$6,400 Gold80%$0$6,400 Platinum90%$0$4,000 Catastrophic100% after deductible $6,400 What will the Covered California plans look like? * for medical services and drugs ** for medical services only; a separate drug deductible applies Note that the catastrophic plan is only available to those under age 30
Tier% of costs covered by insurer DeductibleConsumers max out of pockets costs Bronze w/HSA 60%$4,500*$6,400 Silver w/HSA70%$1,500*$6,400 What will HSA plans look like on Covered California? * for medical services and drugs You can also buy the Silver and Bronze plans with a Health Savings Account (HSA) if you wish. An HSA is like a savings account, but the money is used solely to pay for health care expenses. The deductibles are different than for the Bronze and Silver plans without an HSA.
What benefits do plans on Covered California offer? Outpatient services (such as office visits) emergency services ambulance hospitalization maternity and newborn care mental health and substance abuse services prescription drugs rehabilitative services and devices laboratory services preventive and wellness services chronic disease management pediatric services, including oral and vision care home health care
If a company offers coverage to an employee, the company must also offer coverage to children (but not spouses). The employer must make insurance affordable to the employee (definition: less than 9.5% of household income) but does not have to offer affordable family coverage. If the employer-offered coverage for the employee is affordable, then no matter what the employer charges to cover the employees dependents, those dependents will not be eligible for government-subsidized coverage on the Marketplace. What about family coverage?
Dependents (incl. spouses) who decline employer-provided coverage that they cannot afford will not be penalized under the Individual Mandate if the cost of the family coverage exceeds 8% of modified adjusted gross income. All states have the Childrens Health Insurance Program, which covers kids up to age 18. However, eligibility guidelines vary by state. All children in New York – regardless of parents income - are eligible for Child Health Plus (CHIP). The Marketplace website will determine whether your child qualifies for your state program. What about family coverage?
If you were married in New York or a state that recognizes same-sex marriage, you will be eligible for Medicaid and subsidies based on household income, not single income. As far as we know, there will be no changes to ADAP/AHIP/APIC in New York What about same-sex married couples?
Under age 30: high-deductible plan option. Deductible is $6,350. Prevention benefits and 3 primary care visits are exempt from deductible. Under age 26: can stay on/enroll in parents plan, regardless of living situation, marital status, student status, or financial dependence. In NY, adults age 26-29 can stay on their parents coverage, but special rules apply: you must be unmarried, live or work in NY, and have a policy that was issued in NY. Are there special programs for people under 30?
Some states, including New York and California, will expand their Medicaid income eligibility guidelines in 2014. If your income is below 138% of the Federal Poverty Level - which is $15,856 annually for 1 person, and $21,404 for a household of 2 - you will be eligible for Medicaid in those states. Medicaid is a joint federal-state program that provides comprehensive health insurance at no cost to patients. There are no premiums or deductibles, and very small co-pays. To find out what the Medicaid guidelines are in your state, visit www.healthcare.govwww.healthcare.gov Im broke. How Will I Afford Insurance?
To view full-cost rates, visit: http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/press2013/pr1307171_health _rates_2014.pdf http://www.dfs.ny.gov/about/press2013/pr1307171_health _rates_2014.pdf People who have low to moderate incomes will receive subsidies (APTC) which will lower the cost of premiums. Some people will also qualify for cost-sharing subsidies. The amount of the subsidy will depend on your household size and income. What will it cost to buy coverage on the Marketplace?
Subsidies If your household income is below 400% of the Federal Poverty Level youll receive a subsidy. This is equal to an income of $45,960 (single) or $62,040 (couple). You can take the credit in advance, or when you file your taxes. Advance payments are made directly to the insurer. If you choose to wait until you file taxes, the credit will be applied to what you owe, or refunded to you. If the advance subsidy payments exceed the amount of credit for which youre eligible, a portion of the overpayment must be repaid.
Subsidies The tax credit will be the difference between the premium for the second lowest-cost silver exchange plan in the area and the amount the individual is expected to pay in premiums based on income. You can apply that amount to whatever level plan you choose.
Income as % of Federal Poverty Level Income range for 1 person at this level Max % of your income you will spend on premiums Up to 133%$15,2822% 133-150%$15,282-$17,2353-4% 150-200%$17,235-$22,9804-6.3% 200-250%$22,980-$28,7256.3-8.05% 250-300%$28,725-$34,4708.05-9.5% 300-400%$34,470-$45,9609.5% Subsidy Chart
Example: Susan is single and makes $22,000/yr. She will have her premiums capped at 6.3% of her income (approx $130/mo) and her annual out-of-pocket medical costs will be limited to under $4000/yr (excluding premiums). New York: calculate your potential subsidy here: http://www.nystateofhealth.ny.gov/resource/tax-credit-and- premium-estimator http://www.nystateofhealth.ny.gov/resource/tax-credit-and- premium-estimator All other states: calculate your potential subsidy here: http://kff.org/interactive/subsidy-calculator/ Example