Presentation on theme: "Workshop 2: Grammar Unit Future Life Conditional Sentences."— Presentation transcript:
Workshop 2: Grammar Unit Future Life Conditional Sentences
Type: Possible & Probable conditions Type: Possible & Improbable conditions Type: Impossible conditions Conditional Types Type: very real and possible conditions THE 'ZERO' CONDITIONAL THE FIRST' CONDITIONAL THE second' CONDITIONAL THE third' CONDITIONAL
THE 'ZERO' CONDITIONAL 'IF' CLAUSE (CONDITION) MAIN CLAUSE (RESULT) If + simple present simple present If you heat ice, If it rains, it melts. you get wet. If you study, your parents are happy.
Complete the sentences using the expressions above. 1.Water boils if ______ you heat it to 100 ºc 2.If you mix red and white you get pink 3. Farmers get very angry if _____________________ 4. _____________________ if you leave it in the sun. 5.If _____________________, take an aspirin. 6.If ___________________, it tastes sweet. … 11.If you press this switch, __________________________________________ 12. If _______________________________________, her folks get very angry.
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions 'IF' CLAUSE (CONDITION) MAIN CLAUSE (RESULT) If you comeI will be happy If you want to passStudy! If we buy a ticketWe (go) to the concert If she (arrive) soonshe will come with us If they dance too muchThey (get) tired If you need my car (take) it THE FIRST' CONDITIONAL Simple Present Future Simple Imperative Can
First Type: Possible & Probable conditions IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you (be) unloyalI (leave) you If the road (be) wet (watch out) ! If he (lose) his keyYou (lend) him your key If she (not buy) any foodWe (have dinner) If they (not stop) talkingWe (not finish) our lesson If you (take) the dog for a walkI (give) you some money
The use of the First Conditional 1. Put the correct form of each verb in brackets into the box. 1. If you _________________ (not study), you ___________________ (fail) the test. 2. We ________________ (die) if we ______________ (not get) help soon! 3. If you ___________________ (look) in the fridge, you _______________ (find) some cold drinks. 4. If there ______________ (be) no oil in the engine, the car ________________ (break) down. 5. I ______________ (lend) you my umbrella if you _________________ (need) it. 6. The sea level ______________ (rise) if the planet _______________ (get) hotter. 7. If you ___________________ (eat) your sandwiches now, you ____________________ (not have) anything for lunch! 8. You ________________ (be) safe in an accident if you _________________ (wear) your seat belt. 9. If he ______________ (save) all his money, he _______________ (be able to go) on holiday to Canada. 10. I _________________ (not come) with you if you _______________ (not bring) John!
Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions If she studied she would pass her controls If he ranhe would catch the bus If I went to ChinaI could be with him If I were To express an imaginary present or improbable future situations IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE Simple Past Would + verb Could + verb
IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you (drink) a lotI (leave) you If the road (be) wetYou (have) an accident If he (lose) his keyYou (lend) him yours If she (not buy) any foodWe (have dinner) If they (not stop) talkingWe (not finish) our lesson If you (take) the dog for a walkI (give) you some money Second Type: Possible & Improbable conditions
Third Type: Impossible conditions To express a regret for an impossible situation happened in the Past with NO solution IF CLAUSE MAIN CLAUSE Past Perfect Present Perfect Conditional (Would have + past participle) If it hadn't rainedWe would have gone to the country If she had studiedShe (pass) her controls If you (invite) themThey 'd have come to the party If I had known itI (arrive) earlier If he (phone)I 'd have seen him
IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you (drink) a lotI (leave) you If the road (be) wetYou (have) an accident If he (lose) his keyYou (lend) him yours If she (not buy) any foodWe (have dinner) If they (not stop) talkingWe (not finish) our lesson If you (take) the dog for a walkI (give) you some money Third Type: Impossible conditions
IF CLAUSEMAIN CLAUSE If you had missed the trainI (not see) you If he lost the mapHe (not find) the house If he (forget) the bookThe teacher will get angry If she werent so meanEverybody (be) happier If they (not insult) meI wouldnt have called them names If you tell my secretI (never forgive) you More practice
Assessment 1. In pairs, describe the main problems that affect the world and our society at the moment. Then state your possible solutions if you hypothetically were able to solve the problems. 2.What would you have done in the following situations? A mother found drugs in her son's pocket. She told the police who arrested the son. The son was sent to prison. A man found a wallet with 1,000 in it in the back of a taxi. He put it all in a briefcase and run.