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PKI Solutions: Buy vs. Build David Wasley, U. California (ret.) Jim Jokl, U. Virginia Nick Davis, U. Wisconsin.

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Presentation on theme: "PKI Solutions: Buy vs. Build David Wasley, U. California (ret.) Jim Jokl, U. Virginia Nick Davis, U. Wisconsin."— Presentation transcript:

1 PKI Solutions: Buy vs. Build David Wasley, U. California (ret.) Jim Jokl, U. Virginia Nick Davis, U. Wisconsin

2 Agenda Why are we here? Why do you want a PKI? Implementation Models And a word or 2 about trust model(s) Functional Requirements Some options for Higher Ed. Case study: University of Wisconsin Case study: University of Virginia Q & A

3 Why are we here? Asymmetric cryptography is a tool Information integrity and/or security PKI adds identity context & trust model Deployment has been slow but there are new drivers e-business and accountability Scalable secure and/or trusted High assurance digital credentials

4 Why do you want a PKI? First step in implementation planning Typical application areas: Identity credentials Scalable secure (s/mime) digital document signing Other apps include: Document integrity (web sites, digital archive) Infrastructure protection (IPSEC)

5 Implementation Models Many different ways to get PKI services No one perfect way for all campuses Cost models may vary greatly depending on size of campus Biggest differences are functional capabilities & flexibility a priori trusted certificates

6 Implementation Models (cont.) Stand-alone PKI for local use PKI as part of a larger community Commercial PKI services Partial outsource Full outsource Bridged PKI

7 Stand-alone PKI Root CA cert is distributed as needed Policy is campus business rules Trust is implicit All support is local

8 Part of a PKI Hierarchy Enables trust across communities Common root cert is distributed as needed May be a challenge Policy is defined by the common TA

9 PKI Trust Model(s) Important if certificates are to be used with external parties Trust Anchor defines certificate policy for a homogeneous PKI Relying Parties must Understand TA CP Identify which policy(s) it will accept Hold a copy of the TA (root CA) certificate

10 Bridged PKIs Enables trust across communities Each campus retains its own trust anchor Policy is mapped through the Bridge Bridges can/will interconnect too

11 What a Bridge look like to RP RP trusts its TA to map trust (CP OIDs) appropriately TA trusts Bridge to map trust appropriately Policy is critical!

12 Commercial PKI Service Trust across Providers customers Policy is Providers CP Most Providers place TA certs in browsers, etc. Apps a priori trust them (?) Campus may still need to support the RA function If not, how does RA relate to campus Id Mgmt system?

13 Functional Requirements Multiple certs per individual Different cert types Dual certs and key escrow Normal versus high assurance certs Certificate extensions and/or SIA Real-time certificate status Subordinate CAs Infrastructure certs Transient certs

14 Some options for Higher Ed. U.S. Higher Ed. Root (USHER) Higher Ed. Bridge CA (HEBCA) Commercial PKI services Widely varying features & per user costs EDUCAUSE Identity Management Services Program (IMSP)

15 Case Studies University of Wisconsin Nick Davis, PKI Program Manager UW, Madison University of Virginia Jim Jokl, Director Communications and Systems

16 Q & A


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