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Chapter Two From the Ozarks to the Planet © Routledge 2013
Context: The Modern Department Store Turn of the century: cities had large and elegant department stores Department stores were most often utilized by well-to-do shoppers Before the arrival of discount stores rural shoppers had access to a less refined set of manufactured goods from giant mail order warehouses © Routledge 2013
The Rise of Wal-Mart Sam Walton began with a variety store franchise and was compelled to buy products from a distributor He created cost-saving innovations (self-serve model), but his biggest obstacle was inefficient middle-men His retail revolution took hold when he built his own distribution centers. This provided him with increased power over other retailers © Routledge 2013
Rise of Wal-Mart (Contd) A specific set of factors contributed to Wal- Marts early expansion: 1. Southern and female workforce who were unaccustomed to unions 2. Stores were built in county seats 3. Walton beat competitors who still had to deal with middle-men 4. Followed government contracts © Routledge 2013
The Wal-Mart Squeeze Squeeze associates: Low wages Just-in-time scheduling Wage theft and off-the-clock work Squeeze vendors: Investments in technology Supply chain control/domination Just-in-time ordering Retail Link Consolidation and monopsony We are all caught in the squeeze – can we get out of it? © Routledge 2013
Anti-Wal-Mart Activism Wal-Marts reputation damaged by the early 1990s Anti-Wal-Mart movements are born Local anti-sprawl groups Historical preservationists Activists fighting for local mom and pops Unions Increasing size led to increased legal problems arose: Gender discrimination (class-action suit) Workers rights lawsuits Environmental contamination lawsuits © Routledge 2013
Next Generation Wal-Mart Permanent public relations team to combat souring reputation: Leslie Dach: former Democratic presidential campaign advisor to John Kerry Hurricane Katrina: PR Gold Jib Ellison, green Wal-Mart, and the Sustainability Index Criticisms of these moves © Routledge 2013
De-naturalizing Wal-Mart …nothing is inevitable: not Wal-Mart, not the regulatory framework that facilitates its existence, and not the sociopolitical problems that the company purports to solve. Wal-Mart, like most human phenomena, is socially constructed … By disassembling … Wal-Mart, we aim to demonstrate that the company can not only be de-constructed, but that it can be transformed into something fundamentally different. © Routledge 2013
Picking Wal-Mart’s POCKETS © Michael Bergdahl International Speaker, Author & Wal- Mart Competition Authority Baltimore, Maryland November 6, 2007 American.
Chapter Eight Wal-Mart and Freedom © Routledge 2013.
SUPPLY CHAIN MANAGEMENT Chris Mingledorff CIS 2010.
American Industrialization Quizzo Review Game 9 th American Civilization Council Rock High School North.
Chapter Wrap Up Lesson 1 1. Supporters of laissez-faire economics believe that government economic regulations increase costs and eventually hurt society.
Chapter 8: LOGISTICS Fundamentals of International Business Copyright © 2010 Thompson Educational Publishing, Inc
PLACE. This all about the distribution of the product to the customer. How the firm gets its product to the market.
In 1800 family roles mainly defined women. Women were legally inferior to men and economically dependent on men. The Second Industrial Revolution.
Better Care Better Health Better Life Leadership Framework The Leadership Framework is based on the concept that leadership is not restricted to people.
Sam Walton Wal - Mart. Background Sam Walton was born March 29, Sam Walton was born March 29, He grew up in Kingfish, Oklahoma He grew up.
Chapter 3 – The Growth of a Young Nation 3-4 The Market Revolution
Wal-Mart's – Cost Leadership Strategy Made By:- SACHIN MOTWANI.
Lecture-9/ T. Nouf Almujally
UNDERSTANDINGS OF GLOBALIZATION GLOBALIZATION: HOW DOES IT INFLUENCE MY LIFE Economic Impacts Economic Impacts Social Impacts Social Impacts Political.
Big Business 5.3. The Rise of Big Business By 1900 Big Business started to dominate Factories Warehouses Distribution Facilities By 1900 Big.
20th Century 1900 – Disaster Strikes Galveston – 1900 Galveston was the most modern Texas City in It was then struck by a hurricane. The storm.
H.E. Butt Grocery Company
American History Chapter 5, Section 3. Early Corporations In American, the number of corporations began to increase in the 1830s because States began.
Business Strategies and Employment Practices of Wal-Mart and other Mass Retailers.
L A B O R Organized Labor Chapter 9 Section 3. L A B O R In 1882 – Peter J. McGuire suggested that we celebrate a day for labor – now called “Labor Day”
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