Presentation on theme: "Sexual Violence Task Force"— Presentation transcript:
1 Sexual Violence Task Force Presented by: Holly Pilcavage, Emily Ziesenheim, & Brian Long
2 Plaguing College Campuses: Sexual Assault Dear Colleague Letter (2011)Obama’s Task Force (2014)President Obama's Council on Women and Girls presented its report on sexual assault, calling it an epidemic especially on college campuses.This is far from the first time this administration has tried to address the problem, from pushing for the renewal of the Violence against Women Act to calling on military leaders to address the issue in the Armed Forces. This time, the focus is on high school and college campuses, and the report highlights not just the individual anguish but also the negative economic and health effects an assault can have over the long term.Provides guidance on the unique concerns that arise in sexual violence cases, such as the role of criminal investigations and a school’s independent responsibility to investigate and address sexual violence.Provides guidance and examples about key Title IX requirements and how they relate to sexual violence, such as the requirements to publish a policy against sex discrimination, designate a Title IX coordinator, and adopt and publish grievance procedures.Discusses proactive efforts schools can take to prevent sexual violence.
3 Institution TypeFour-Year Public Institution similar to The University of Akron located in Akron, OhioApproximately 27,000 studentsFirst-year students: 10,500Residential Students: Approximately 2,800Gender breakdown: 50% female, 50% maleFull-time faculty and staff: Estimated 2,600Part-time faculty and staff: Estimated 2,750Surrounding community population: Roughly 200,000 peopleInstitution receives Title IX fundingDegree Types: Associate, Baccalaureate, Master’s, Doctoral, Law
4 Sexual Violence: What is it? According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) sexual violence (SV) is “any act that is perpetrated against someone’s will” (CDC, 2014)Sexual Violence can be broken down into 4 categories:1. A completed Sex Act2. An Attempted (but not completed) sex act3. Abusive sexual contact4. Non-contact sexual abuse
5 Myths about Sexual Assault/Violence Times have changed drastically over the years, from the Civil Rights Movement to the increased accessibility to higher education with acts like The Higher Education Act of 1965, and with that the student body at institutions have experienced vast changes as well.Myth: Women are the only ones who experience sexual assaultsTruth: Anyone of any age can be a victim of sexual violence/misconduct, men, women, or transsexuals-According to RAINN(2009), 10% of men are sexually violated/assaulted each year-LGBT student run organizations have become more prevalent on many college campuses, with a notable presence at the institution the task force initiatives are aimed towards informing a diverse community
6 Myths about Sexual Assault/Violence Myth: a person being teased or pressured into an act they don't want to do is ok if those involved are of the same sexTruth: Not only can same sex harassment, or unwanted sexual acts on same sex individuals be considered sexual violence, depending on what took place such actions could also be classified as rape. Myth: Those accused of sexual assault/violence should be handled like they committed the offenseTruth: Those accused of committing crimes related to sexual assault/violence are innocent until proven guilty
7 Who Can Sexual Violence Affect? Who’s Involved? Sexual violence can happen to anyone of any gender, or orientationAccording to the Bureau of Justice Statistics (2001), around 80% of sexual assaults are committed by an acquaintance of the victimMore alarmingly, 48.8% of college women who would be considered to have been raped would not identify what happened to them as rape (Bureau of Justice Statistics (2000)Rape: The unlawful compelling of a person through physical force or duress to have sexual intercourse (Dictionary.com, 2014)The actual act of sex does not have to be completed for rape to occur. Rape can still occur in any of the four types of sexual violence as mentioned previously, which are as follows:
8 Potential Challenges Current culture and climate on campus If there is an existing culture or climate on campus that does not constitute for an open environment when speaking on unpopular topics, such as sexual assault, sometimes it can be difficult to begin implementing change. There needs to be open communication before any real change can happen.Availability of budgetFunds will eventually be needed for training, education, bringing outside speakers or trainers to campus, hiring personnel, and attending conferencesTimePolicies take time, implementing programs takes time, everything takes timeShort-term and long-term planning should be implementedWhen programming…It can potentially be difficult to get students to participateIt can be hard to compare programs because they are all differentKeep in mind the “one size does not fit all” mindset when programming. Students will respond to various programming, while others will not. Programs will need to be planned from all different perspectives and from various approaches to make successful outreach to as much of the student body as possible.
9 Legislation and University Requirements: The Jeanne Clery Act (The Clery Act) A federal law , which was previously known as the Campus Safety ActRequires that higher education institutions disclose information about crimes on, and around, the campus of the institutionSex Offenses for the Act fall into 2 categories: Forcible and Non-ForcibleAccording to the Ohio Revised Code, sexual misconduct can occur when the victim is impaired by drugs, alcohol, or any mind-altering drug,An impaired person is considered to be unable to give consentRights for the VictimA 1992 amendment to The Cleary Act added a requirement for schools to give basic rights to victims of sexual assaultA 2008 amendment to The Cleary Act gives protection to victims and whistleblowers from retaliation17,00-24,000-year contract
10 New Requirements for Higher Education Institutions: The Campus Sexual Violence (SaVE) Act A variety of requirements will be implemented under the Campus SaVE Act, which is an amendment to the Clery Act, as of March 7, The Campus SaVE Act changes come from requirements imposed by the Violence Against Women’s Reauthorization ActWho Participates:The new Campus SaVE Act requirements must be followed if the institution receives Title IV fundingRequirements under Campus SaVE Act (American Council on Education (ACE),n.d)Institutions must conduct annual reports with statistics from forcible/non-forcible sex offense, domestic violence, dating violence, and stalkingUnder the Clery Act such instances must be included in the annual report if they were reported to campus security or the policeIf anyone is decimated from their national origin or gender identity it will now be considered a hate crime
11 Requirements (Cont’d) For Higher Education Institutions: The Campus SaVE Act Parts two and three of the Campus SaVE Act require the institution receiving Title IV funding to implement new discipline requirements for students, and new requirements for educating students and employees about sexual violence (ACE, n.d.)Part II: Brings focus to a sexual violence victim’s rightsIt is the victim’s right to choose whether or not they want to report an occurrence of sexual violence to campus security or local policePart III: Requires institutions to provide programs aimed at bringing awareness to sexual violence, along with sexual violence prevention programsThe essence of the Campus SaVE Act is to give an overall understanding of sexual violence, such as definitions of buzz words attributed with it, along with creating policies and procedures meant to guide the institution to an appropriate response
12 Title IX Mandates ATIXA (2013) Federal law intended to end sex discrimination in all areas of educationApplies to non-discrimination based on gender to all recipients of federal fundsApplies to issues of program equity, such as in athletics, and also in sexual harassment and sexual assualtIn addition to the importance clearly placed on policies and procedures, we believe that the investigation/conduct resolution is becoming an increasingly important aspect of Title IX compliance.
13 Once a school has notice of sexual harassment/sexual misconduct of a student, the school must: Take immediate and appropriate steps to investigate what occurredTake prompt and effective action to:End the harassmentRemedy the effectsPrevent the recurrenceTitle IXEssential Compliance ElementsATIXA (2013)
14 Publish and disseminate a notice of nondiscrimination Provide adequate, reliable and impartial investigation of all complaintsProvide designated and reasonably prompt time framesProvide written notice of outcomeTitle XI Compliance Best Practices ChecklistATIXA (2013)
15 Steps to Prevent Sexual Violence and Correct its Discriminatory Effects on Complainant or Others Education and PreventionRemedies and EnforcementInclude education in orientation programs for students, faculty and staff, training for resident assistants, student athletes and coaches, and campus-wide awareness programsInformation is included in curriculum for First Year Experience coursesUniversity has specific sexual violence materials for policies, rules, and resources, including employee and student handbooks.Immediate action to eliminate hostile environmentsImmediate action to protect complainants before final outcomeInform complainants of Title IX rightsHave policies to protect against retaliatory harassmentCreate a committee to identify and implement education strategiesFor complainant: campus escort, insuring alleged perpetrator does not attend same classes, moving residence halls, counseling services, medical services, academic support servicesATIXA (2013)
16 Guiding Investigation Principles Keeping the campus Title IX coordinator in the loopEngaging in active accumulation of evidenceDeliberately strategizing when we are going to question the accused studentSequestering witnesses and questioning sessions as necessary to minimize opportunities for fabricationStructuring the investigation in every effort to protect student privacyKeeping clear investigation notes of the schedule and reasons for delays/deviationsInterviewing on neutral turfEmphasizing that retaliation will be dealt with seriouslyCautioning parties and witnesses that discussing an investigation can result in policy violationsStating a conclusion resulting from the investigationATIXA (2013)
17 Collaborative Efforts for a More Educated Campus Community: Haven The task force will incorporate a digitally based service called Haven to further the institutions outreach to students and employees about sexual violence. Haven is part of the EverFi education platform that also provides services for important campus topics like education of alcohol use.Cost: A year contract of Haven for an institution the size of The University of Akron would range from $17, 000-$24,000 annually (J. Davidson personal communication, February 19, 2014)Benefits: Haven follows the guidelines of the Campus SaVE Act requirements to offer a variety of outlets for information on sexual violence, prevention, and possible responses (Haven, 2013)Methods: Webinars are available for administrators and students, bystander training for students, use of previous knowledge to build upon, a variety of teaching methods, timely implementation (before students are at “high risk”)
18 Haven: Funds/Rationale Decreased funding to institutions of higher education raise questions about how new initiatives like Haven can be implemented. In order to cover up to $24,000 of annual cost for Haven, the institution will look at decreasing money given to upper level management in the form of bonuses.Rationale:The “Ivory Tower” view of higher education is quickly fadingAwarding bonuses during times of financial struggle can make it harder to begin to re-establish trust in the society higher education so closely interacts, even if the bonuses were truly deserved
19 Addressing a Case of Sexual Assault/Violence When a student, faculty member, or other does come forward with a claim of being sexual assaulted/violated, the institution will follow the correct procedures to ensure the student's claims are filed appropriately with previously established laws and codes, such as the Ohio Revised Code. Any case, or claim, should be addressed promptly and professionally while respecting the rights of the victim and the accused.It is necessary for administrators and police involved with any case derived from sexual misconduct to follow the correct procedures. Convincing a presumed victim to drop a case, or insisting the victim is lying, or could be lying, will not be tolerated. Those found to be involved with an action as such will be subject to disciplinary action from the institution at a minimum.
20 Addressing a Case of Sexual Assault/Violence Procedures to be followed/implemented:File the correct paper work for what the victim is claimingIf the victim is in the same class or work setting as the person accused, make arrangements so the two don't have to be in the same space at the same timeIf the victim needs any medical attention or wants to be medically evaluated for purposes of determining if rape happened, make this possibleTake action to investigate the claim if the victim chooses soCoordinate with campus legal council and student judicial affairs to ensure rights of victim and the accused are being met, while also ensuring the correct steps are being taken to handle the caseMake victim aware of services available if they feel they want/need extra assistance; e.g. counseling on campus, support groups in the community, etc.
21 Sexual Violence: Alcohol -Due to The Ohio Revised Code identifying sexual acts with someone who is impaired as sexual assault, since consent can't be given, a collaborative effort with an alcohol awareness program, such as Alcohol.edu, can help students to recognize when someone may be in a compromising position-By having alcohol awareness by students, the institution will have an active student body that can assist in recognizing when others around them may be getting in a compromising position, or when to say no if an event occurred where the student felt pressured to be involved sexually with another person1
22 Educating the Campus Community: First-Year Freshman Utilization of orientation, which is already in place, as a guaranteed time and place to give useful information on sexual violence for incoming freshmanFreshman students go through a lot of changes when starting their first year in higher education, this can be seen in Schlossberg's Transition Theory, which includes anticipated events, non-anticipated events, and non-events (Evans, Forney, Guido, Patton & Renn, 2010)Recognizing that events are likely to occur, either good or bad, for first-year students is important when considering the services that should be made available to respond to such events.According to Koss (1988), 74% of those convicted of sexual misconduct, and 55% of rape victims had been drinking prior to the assault
23 Educating the Campus Community Programming efforts will:Introduce students to university and community resourcesHelp define and understand sexual assault and consentHelp to development meaningful relationshipsProvide appropriate social activities and model safe behaviorsIncrease collaboration between existing campus departments and the surrounding communityWe should want to reduce the stigma of…The fear of talking about sexual assaultBeing hesitant or afraid to use resources before and after an incidentThinking it only happens to women
24 Educating the Campus Community Short term and long term programming will be important! First, it will be important to get information out with smaller programming by the end of this first semester, then we must begin implementing more in depth programming in following year and beyond. We will use this first year as a base year and begin to evaluate and assess how these programs are impacting our students. Changes can be made in following years to better suit the needs of our students.Programs should always be FREE for students
25 Clubs and Organizations Team of safety liaisonsThe members of this team will spread decision making tipsThey will be well versed in all of the safety tips that can help students, staff, and faculty be safe on campusThey will know what is available to assist with safety on campus to help benefit the studentsThis includes the best lit areas, where the blue call boxes are located to make calls in the case of an emergency, and how to contact University PoliceThis team will also prepare presentations for various campus activities or classroom lectures. They will differentiate between the normal lecture style and approach the information in a “fun” way
26 Behavioral Intervention Team (Care Team) Why is it important?Care Team ConceptSometimes we can’t prevent threats, but we can identify factors that mitigate riskCan help de-escalate situationsHelps create a culture of awareness about what’s going on and placing situations in contextEncourages “See something… say something”Helpful in creating bystandersAn avenue to funnel concerns about studentsAnyone could express a concern in the spirit of communityWould intentionally cast a “wide net”Would involve representatives from all major campus resourcesCollaborative consultation/joint recommendationsLow-cost solution to safetyConnects people in need with necessary resources
27 Who and How? Academic Partners Counseling Center Staff International Student SupportLegal CounselResidence Life/HousingLaw EnforcementCommunity Health AgenciesMaterials: brochures, business cards, magnets, cups, social mediaDevelop allies: Greek life, athletics, graduate student services, library staff, academic deans, student affairs staff, graduate assistants, teaching assistants, residential housing, community law enforcement
28 Accommodating the Unique Needs of Survivors There will be programs tailored to the victims of sexual assault on campus.Group meetings/discussions will be held to promote an open forum to disclose information and help one another through difficult times.A counselor or trained member of the sexual awareness team will be present at these meetingsAnother option will be to connect with the local battered women’s shelterVictims can connect with other victims in the communityAny student interested in learning more about sexual assault will also be welcome to joinThe overall idea of this approach is to remind victims that they are not alone while also promoting awareness to those student interested in learning more about the issue.
29 Sexual Awareness Month According to the National Sexual Violence Resource Center (2013), “In the United States April marks Sexual Assault Awareness Month (SAAM). During SAAM activists raise awareness about sexual violence and educate communities and individuals on how to prevent it.”Since April is a short time away, short term programming efforts can be implemented at low to no cost.The CARE Team, focus groups, or anyone else thoroughly trained on sexual assault should be full force during this month.Some ideas to get the word out into the campus community:Presentations about sexual assault on main areas of campusPosting post-it notes with facts and figures of sexual assault information in heavy trafficked areasVisiting classes to handout information about upcoming events and to speak about the topic for a few minutes
30 Spreading Awareness through Programming Clothesline Project -What is needed:T-shirts - Students can be asked to bring a shirt or they can be provided depending on the existing budgetMarkers or PaintStringClothes PinsStudents, faculty, and staff can write their thoughts, a quote, words of encouragement, their feelings, or anything else pertaining to sexual assault. The shirts will be hung around the main area of campus for all to see and read.Main purpose: spreading awareness and opening eyes to the unknown feelings and ideas of sexual assault. Also, this event helps to create a sense of community on campus as people come together to show support for those who have been victimized.
31 Spreading Awareness through Programming Take Back The Night –Students can support the spread of sexual assault awareness by taking part in this event.There are many approaches to planning this event which include:Hosting a rallyCandlelit walk for survivorsBringing community speakers or agencies to the event to speak and share resources with the studentsHaving students, faculty, and/or staff sign a pledgeHave various organizations on campus host a booth or give donations to help promote collaboration and cross-campus supportIf budget allows, there are shirts, bracelets, and other items that can be purchased for students, faculty, and staff to wear to show their support
32 Awareness Week Fair - April Brochures or pamphlets handed out around campus and at fairDefine consentHave tips to sexual assault prevention in themHave students quoted throughout with their views and opinions on healthy relationships, sexual awareness, and sexual assaultInformation tablesHave various people at these tablesStudents, victims, staff, faculty, counselor, staff and faculty from care team to relay information and answer any questionsUniversity Police will be in attendanceInformation to have available:What do to if sexual assault occurs?What is the direct number to contact University Police?What other safety precautions or features are on campus for students?For example: Blue Call Boxes
33 Other Programming Efforts Layout monthly programmingThese programs should be all-inclusive and campus-wide to reach as many students as possibleWithin Residence HallsTeams of three to four trained students visit the freshman residence halls beginning in September.The conversations facilitated by these teams include the topics of: healthy relationships, relationship violence, stalking, sexual assault, consent, and campus resourcesBy-Stander ProgramEmpowering the bystander is an important piece to preventing sexual assault. Holding a program to educate students on different signs to be aware of while out with friends, at a party, or other various situations can help to further prevent sexual assault.
34 Other Programming Efforts Stop Sexist Remarks –Tailor a program based on the ideas presented at this website. This is based on starting conversations about sexist remarks and standing up to them with the intent to educate the person making the sexist remark(s).Survivor PanelHave survivors create a panel and have students come to hear their stories and ask questions firsthand of the victims.Heel WalkMen can show support against women’s sexual assault by walking around in heels for a full dayThis diminishes stereotypes and shows the campus community there is support from all anglesDenim DayStudents wear denim for a day to show support against rape. This began after a case was overturned in the court of law because a woman’s pants were too tight which means she would have helped take them off which the court said resulted in consensual sex. This day would be a reminder that there is never an excuse or reason that would make rape “okay.”
35 Our learning outcomes must be: Specific Measurable Aspirational ReasonableTime-specificA combination of learning expectations from student affairs, academic affairs and the students themselvesUseful in assessing the success of the program in order to use the results to better the institution and student learning in the futureLearning OutcomesIn order to assess and evaluate the relevance and success of our programs, we must consider our learning outcomes.
36 Social MediaThe incorporation of social media is important when connecting with today’s students. The institution will need to create various social network accounts to meet students halfway. These would include:FacebookTwitterYouTubeTumblrPinterestInstagramInformation pertaining to events can be broadcasted on each of these social networks. Also, available resources can be linked to them. Weekly tips to staying safe and aware can be promoted through them as well.Students can be asked to start up conversations, post informative links, change their profile pictures to show support, and more!Open communication, even in the form of social media, will help to spread awareness and push the importance of this topic.
37 Anonymous Social Media Approach Even through copious amounts of effort, the topic of sexual assault will remain a difficult one for many students. This next idea comes from the popular idea behind PostSecret.com (http://postsecret.com/)Students will be able to go to a website and submit questions, comments, or stories anonymously.They will have the option to have what they send in posted on the public webpage or not. Either way, it is an outlet for students to take things from their minds and say it to someone in the world, even if they do not know who is going to read it.Free websites to use:Formspring.meAsk.fmThere is the option of streaming this to the university safety/sexual assault page as well
38 Student BlogThe idea: To start, 5-7 students will be chosen to begin a public blog through the university.Within their blogs they will be asked to write on various topics, including sexual assault, overall safety, and healthy relationships, each week and will be given the freedom to speak openly and freely.The purpose: This can help to build a stronger campus community through peer-to-peer sharing.
39 Budgeting Considerations TrainingThe more trained personnel or student staff the better to keep the campus community informed, but at the same time this can become costly. It also has to be decided whether or not it will be a requirement for all employees to be trained upon entering a job at the institution. How do we go about training the already existing employees?ConferencesThere are local, regional, and national conferences that can be attended. Costs associated with conferences tend to include registration fees, lodging fees, transportation fees, and meals at a minimum.Materials needed for programming effortsBrochures and pamphlets along with any materials needed for programming, short or long term, will cost the institution money.
40 Changing the ParadigmA proactive stance needs to be taken when approaching the topic of sexual assault with college-level students. This topic can create a lot of anxiety and fear just through conversation, so ensuring there are various techniques implemented will help to relieve this anxiety and fear while making positive, influential outreach to the students.How to do this:Buy-in from higher level administratorsProvide comprehensive response and prevention policiesActually talk about the issue
41 Institutional Website The institutional website should include:Information about Sexual Assault and AwarenessResources availableOn-campusOff-campusUpcoming eventsThe website should be accessible and prominent when visiting the main website.It should include helpful tipsVideos would be beneficial t0 illustrate different scenarios and to provide different information. Adding a flair of humor throughout a serious topic can help students to relate more freely and feel more comfortable with the topic at hand.There should be a tab for each type of students – undergraduate: freshman, sophomore, junior, senior; graduate; doctoralThe institution needs to show that it is priority to keep the campus and its students safe
42 National ResourcesThese are resources that can be utilized by students, administrators, and parents alike.Campus Clarity - https://www.campusclarity.com/Haven -One Student -Rape, Abuse, and Incent National Network –National Sexual Violence Resource Center –Men Can Stop Rape –Getting students involved:(free for students!)Getting administrators involved:Other sources used:Clery center: For security on campus. (2012). Retrieved fromCenters for disease control and prevention. (2014, January 02). Retrieved fromDictionary.com. (2013). Retrieved fromLawriter ohio laws and rules. (2007, April 04). Retrieved fromSarah lawrence college: Sexual assault and college campuses-statustics. (2013). Retrieved from