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Buy Side & Sell Side Alexander Motola, CFA Alexander Motola, 20131.

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Presentation on theme: "Buy Side & Sell Side Alexander Motola, CFA Alexander Motola, 20131."— Presentation transcript:

1 Buy Side & Sell Side Alexander Motola, CFA Alexander Motola, 20131

2 Sell Side Brokerage Syndicate Custody & Prime Brokerage/Lending Alexander Motola, 20132

3 Sell-Side/Brokerage 4 Positions Broker Sales Trader Trader Analyst Alexander Motola, 20133

4 Sell Side/Broker Broker is a Buy Siders primary contact at the investment bank Brokers job is to: Understand client needs, what services they need/want, what kind of stocks and ideas they are interested in, provide information & ideas; bring analysts and management to buy sider clients Generate commissions for his firm Alexander Motola, 20134

5 Sell Side/Sales Trader Sometimes called trader, the real title is sales trader; sales traders dont trade stocks but act as intermediaries between buy side traders and sell side traders (either floor or electronic traders) Job is more relationship based than technically based Alexander Motola, 20135

6 Sell Side/Broker Clients want: Idea generation Access to analysts & research Access to managements IPOs Swag & Benes Conference Access Travel Arrangements (Intl) Alexander Motola, 20136

7 Sell Side/Trader Employee of investment bank who either matches trades between clients, runs a book (P&L), or works on a floor or pad Does not talk with clients, just other sell side traders and prop traders Paid based on profits as agent but mostly as principal Alexander Motola, 20137

8 Sell Side/Analyst Paid via commissions and trading volume in stocks under his/her coverage Usually works in a team oriented around an industry There are associates and analysts Associates build models, listen to calls, field marketing calls, talk to management/companies, attend industry conferences, etc.; basically they are apprentice analysts Alexander Motola, 20138

9 Sell Side/Analyst Analysts manage 1 or more associates, control their product, perform higher level analysis, meet with management Analysts build their own brand (Johnson, Blodget, Cohen, Meeker); their franchise is often more important than their employer Analysts meet with clients, build relationships, and make calls Alexander Motola, 20139

10 Sell Side/Syndicate Syndicate is the investment banks new issue pipeline They handle IPOs, secondaries, follow-ons, bond issuance, etc. They market to the issuing companies, often using their analysts reputations They dictate pricing, distribution, and road show (in conjunction with management) Track distribution post offering and provide stabilization as necessary Alexander Motola,

11 Sell Side/Custody, etc. A broker will also sell other services to buy siders, including: Custody Currency trading Derivatives and hedging Lending Borrowing Leverage Prime Brokerage Alexander Motola,

12 Sell Side/I-Banking M&A and Syndicate They have their own Analysts and Associates (Associates are higher scale jobs than Analysts in I-banking) Little actual direct investing Alexander Motola,

13 Buy-Side/Equity Research 4 Positions CIO/Investment Committee Portfolio Manager Analyst Trader Alexander Motola,

14 Buy-Side/CIO CIO or IC Sets standards of research; might also oversee analyst staff Can make investment decisions Sometimes there is a buylist Approves research Sets economic direction or investment style direction Manages or oversees portfolio risk Alexander Motola,

15 Buy-Side/PM Portfolio Manager Might oversee analysts (team approach) Makes investment decisions for their strategy Provides marketing for their strategy; client communication Likely to be involved in the design of their strategy or evolution of their strategy Alexander Motola,

16 Buy-Side/Analyst Analyst Various levels of Analyst Key function is company and/or industry research Modeling, company contact, visits, industry evaluation, news, etc.; whatever is demanded by the strategy Possibly some marketing support Alexander Motola,

17 Buy-Side/Trader Trader Implements PM decisions Timing Size Price Market action Liquidity supplier or demander Talks all day to sales traders and uses the box Alexander Motola,

18 Buy-Side/Fixed Income PM/Analyst/Trader Most FI is specific, unlike stocks; with a stock, you can always go out and buy what you want, with FI you can usually only buy whats available This usually means that the Trading role is integrated into the PM and Analyst role Alexander Motola,

19 Typical Path (Analyst) Undergrad in a Technical Field (Computer Science, Finance, Engineering, Marketing) Work in the field, gaining industry expertise MBA, emphasis in Finance Associate (buy or sell side) Promotion to Analyst Possible Promotion to PM Alexander Motola,

20 Buy Side Firm Structures Team Approach Segregated Star Driven Combinations of the above Alexander Motola,

21 Compensation Sales & Trading Compensation Analyst $ 80K - $ 150K Associate $ 180K - $ 250K Vice Presidents $ 300K - $ 500K Managing Directors/Partners $1MM+ Per Wall Street Oasis Alexander Motola,

22 Compensation Investment Banking Compensation Summer interns/associate: $71,300 (+$9,400) First year analyst: $85,300 (+$28,700) Third year analyst: $111,400 (+$51,600) First year associate: $120,000 (+$39,900) Third year associate: $149,000 ($60,700) Vice President: $255,700 (+$116,800) Managing Director: $273,400 (+$135,600) Per Wall Street Oasis Alexander Motola,

23 Compensation Investment Banking Compensation Summer interns: $58,000 (+$3,100) First year analyst: $67,000 (+$21,000) Senior analyst: $82,100 (+$21,100) First year associate: $71,500 (+$33,000) Senior associate: $99,200 ($36,200) Vice President: $140,000 (+$100,700) Principal: $145,600 (+$157,500) Per Wall Street Oasis Alexander Motola,

24 Compensation How much you make is very dependent on: What type of firm you work at (who owns it) Where the firm is located Size of firm Bonus philosophy This is in addition to the usual: your position, experience, etc. Alexander Motola,

25 Other Aspects of the Job Mentally challenging, with many new problems to solve; constant learning environment Very long hours Very performance driven; you get a report card every day There is nothing additive to the production of goods; stock market is zero sum game for active investment Alexander Motola,

26 Other Aspects of the Job CFA and/or MBA virtually required for many positions, just to get to the interview Can be a highly competitive environment (both within your firm and outside it) Its difficult to get a definitive performance advantage Alexander Motola,

27 Staying Ahead of the Competition


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