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Published byMadeleine Easterbrook
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© M7 NAVEL © 2012
M7 Navel Note: observations are made at Kenley, North Western Victoria, Australia The Confidential Information contained in the Presentation is disclosed by one party to the other As – Is. Nothing contained in this presentation or any Confidential Information shall constitute any express right of access or implied warranty of any kind, including without limitation any warranty of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose or non-infringement of any patent copyright or other third party intellectual property right. © 2012
The Chislett Property on the Murray River North West Victoria
© 2012 Kenley Climatology Latitude: Degrees. Long-term average annual rainfall 309mm. Temperature extremes -4 o C Winter to 46 o C Summer. Relative humidity is generally low.
© 2012 Kenley Climatology
© 2012 Heat Unit Zones Chislett Property 1750 heat units Daily Heat Units = [(maximum temperature + minimum temperature) ÷ 2] – 13 Above: Map showing annual heat unit zones in Australia
© M7 is a very early maturing navel Mutation discovered in Autumn 2004 on a Navelina (clone 7.5) tree in the orchard of: Chislett Developments Pty Ltd Kenley, Victoria, Australia. Australian PBR granted: 2005/185 USA Plant Patent: US PP18,774P2 M7 Navel © 2012
© Background Mutation first noticed when M7 had full colour and Navelina was light green on 02-May-2004 Advanced colour around 4 weeks earlier than Navelina Very high brix when Navelina was 9.94 on 18-May Certified by Auscitrus to be free of any viruses in March © 2012 Note: The true to type Fukumoto variety is not available in Australia for comparison about maturity timing is very similar to Navelina
© Outstanding Characteristics Earlist Colour Round fruit shape Early Internal Maturity Very high brix Extended harvest period No albedo breakdown Firmer rind than Navelina throughout harvesting period Observations made at Kenley, Victoria, which is a late citrus growing area © 2012
© Outstanding Characteristics Late hanging Vigorous and a distinctive foliage Medium to small and distinctive external navel Small internal navel Early production, good yields and fruit size Good compatibility with all rootstocks Observations made at Kenley, Victoria, which is a mid to late growing area © 2012
© External Navel Medium to small - similar to Navelina Distinctive with slight lines radiating outwards from the navel. © 2012
© Internal Navel Significantly smaller than Navelina 7.5 Photos taken August 25, 2006 at Dareton Research Station © 2012
© Colour More even over tree and 4 weeks earlier than Navelina, gas colouring possible early April (October NH). M7 on the 5-Apr-05 had better colour than Navelina on the 28-Apr-05. Individual fruit colour more uniform than Navelina. Intensity of colour similar to Navelina when fully developed. © 2012
© Fruit Shape Completely round fruit © 2012
© Internal Quality Maturity 3 weeks earlier than Navelina Maintains acid levels of 0.7grams of citric acid per 100 ml of juice on 06-September-2005 (March NH) Exceptional eating quality due to higher brix (13º plus) and balanced acid High flavour intensity – much better eating quality than navelina © 2012
© Internal Quality Potentially good juicing yields More advanced and intense flesh colour than Navelina Limonin levels to be determined and expected to be relatively low like Navelina © 2012 Note: Fukumoto shown is not the same variety existing in other countries
Internal Quality California Standard - proposed for M7 TM California Standard = 16.5(Brix-4TA) 2011 Season (2 weeks late) California Standard M7Navelina 15/ / (Kenley – late maturing area) © 2012
© Rind Quality No sign of albedo breakdown or creasing ever observed. Very strong and firmer than Navelina throughout harvest period. © 2012
© Leaf Shape Length to width ratio significantly lower and petiole wing more pronounced compared to Navelina. Leaf also has a distinctive undulation © 2012
© Foliage More upright and open than Navelina allowing more light penetration facilitating colour development Less pruning needed © 2012
© Tree and Yields Very vigorous tree. Fast growing and early cropping Good production – 15 tonne/ha from 3.5 year old trees (1000 trees/ha) Good fruit size, probably better than Navelina © 2012
© Protectability M7 is easy to protect. Any fruit in the market before Navelina has to be M7. Round fruit shape with distinctive navel end marks. Easy to identify the variety in the field due to the distinctive leaf shape and foliage. © 2012
© Harvest period Harvest possible 3 weeks earlier than Navelina Kenley (late maturity area) juice 40%, brix 10 o, ratio 8.0:1 by early to mid April (October NH) Fruit - firm and good condition on tree for minimum 4 months (firmer than Navelina at all stages) Acid levels maintained above 0.75% for at least 4 months No fruit drop without 2,4D up to the end of August, obvious drop on Navelina © 2012
© © 2012
© © 2012
© © 2012
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© © 2012 Fruit Maturity 2012 VarietyJuice %AcidBrixRatio Attwood Fisher M7 (T/W) M M7 (Nursery Trees) Passin (Volk) Washington Picked 22/03/12 at Jamesville, slightly north of Mildura, Victoria, Australia
© © 2012 Fruit Maturity 2012 VarietyDateDetailsJuice %AcidBrixRatio M7 - ChisDev20/03/12M12 block M7 - ChisDev20/03/12M4 block Navelina – ChisDev20/03/12M7 - NW M7 - Cock23/03/12Trifoliata T/W M7 - ChisDev01/05/12M12 block Navelina – ChisDev01/05/12M4 block Navelina – ChisDev01/05/12M7 - NW
M7 Packout 2010 M7 Packout Percentage off CVS Grader 11 th May 2010 Count1 st Grade2 nd Grade3 rd Grade TOTAL PACKED 98.20% JUICE OFF GRADER 1.80% © 2012
M7 Packout © 2012 Harvested Kenley from 3.5 year old unpruned trees
Testimonial Hi Guys, Here are the results for the samples Greg sent in. The M7 was very impressive, I tested 6 fruit. With the other 2, I cut one up and left the other whole and showed Bill, Perry, Ferdi and Gerome (Holman Fresh). All were very impressed, Gerome especially – he said he loved the variety and couldnt believe the taste, colour, shape and rind quality. He said it needs a sexier name and thought Mara Mara could be a good one! Ill let you think about that one Greg Kind regards, Mara Milner © 2012
30 th March Kenley 30 th March Kenley 8 th April Kenley © Photo Album © 2012
5 th April Jamesville5 th April M7 1.5 years - Jamesville © © 2012 M7 NavelinaM7
M7 3 year old tree M7 after gassing – picked 18 th April 2010 M7 before gassing 20 th April © 2012
M7 5 th May 2011 M7 - packing line 10 th May 2011 MFC M7 packed MFC 10 th May © 2012 M7 - packing line 10 th May 2011 MFC M7 Melbourne Market 12 th May 2011 M7 - packing line 10 th May 2011 MFC
M7 4 years after planting M7 2 years after planting © 2012
© 2012 M7 Fruit Size 2012
© © 2012
Benjamin Banneker Charter Academy of Technology Making AYP Benjamin Banneker Charter Academy of Technology Making AYP.
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