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EAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 EDV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 Transit to Earth Mass: 45.6 t Volume: 145 m 3 MAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 TransHab in.

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Presentation on theme: "EAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 EDV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 Transit to Earth Mass: 45.6 t Volume: 145 m 3 MAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 TransHab in."— Presentation transcript:

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2 EAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 EDV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 Transit to Earth Mass: 45.6 t Volume: 145 m 3 MAV Mass: 2.6 t Volume: 12 m 3 TransHab in Orbit Mass: 45.6 t Volume: 145 m 3 MDV Mass: 4.6 t Volume: 17 m 3 Transit to Mars Mass: 55.2 * t Volume: 170* m 3 Trans HAB CW *AG System Mass not included Diagram by Stephanie Johnston Cargo A Mass: 47.7 t Volume: 207 m 3 Trans HAB Trans HAB Return to HF Title

3 * HF Considerations include: Food, water, breathable air, radiation shielding, greenhouse, appliances, equipment, maintenance, crew weights, daily consumables, thermal protection, recycling systems, etc. Food Specs Years # People Mass [t] Volume [m 3 ] % Self- Sustaining Actual Mass Reduction Crew 1 -7 Launched 843.5143.80% Crew 1 -7 Landed 834.0 0% Cargo 10.0834.7158.75-10%0% Cargo 22.11660.6263.515-20%10% Cargo 34.32465.0301.125-30%20% Cargo 46.43284.0382.035-40%25% Cargo 58.64080.1393.445-50%40% Cargo 610.74884.6425.660-70%50% Cargo 712.95660.8370.480-90%75% Cargo 815.05637.4278.1100%90% Cargo 917.15637.4278.1100%90% = Large Greenhouse * Does NOT include: General electronics & computers Return to HF Title

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5 Radiation Shielded Room Protects against Solar Particle Event Does not protect against Galactic Cosmic Radiation Arial Density: 9 g/cm 2 Food supplies also have minor shielding (1.2 g/cm 2 ) Crew A: 8 crew members share 4 bedrooms Crews 1 -7: Each crew member will have his/her own bedroom Return to HF Title

6 Percent Chance Increase of Fatal Cancer Crew A Crews 1-7 Source and ConditionsManWoman ManWoman GCR With Shielding0.921.620.460.81 GCR Without Shielding1.702.970.851.49 SPE Without Shielding9.1015.939.1015.93 SPE With Shielding0.180.320.180.32 GCR: Galactic Cosmic Radiation SPE: Solar Particle Event Return to HF Title

7 Earth Emergency O 2 G-Suit Parachute Water Survival Gear Mass: 40 kg Volume: 0.15 m 3 Energy: 30 W Mars Emergency O 2 G-Suit (launch/landing) Mass: 15 kg Volume: 0.10 m 3 Energy: 30 W Main Features: Modular design with replaceable segments Front diagonal zipper for self ingress/egress Nominal pressure of 8 PSI Nominal operating time is 120 minutes Picture by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

8 Main Features: Additional thermal and debris protection (arms, legs, and chest) Portable life support system (PLSS): Drinking H2O, O2, CO2 scrubbers, and cooling system Nominal pressure of 8 PSI Nominal operating time is 240 minutes Picture by Stephanie Johnston Specifications Mass*: 70 kg Volume: 0.20 m 3 Energy: 50 W *Note: Mass of PLSS is 20 kg

9 Uses lines of non-extension to create a mechanical counter pressure suit. Problem: Suits have to fit perfectly (must be individually made). Problem: Suits are not modular so they cannot be modified for a second person. Thermal protection, extra layers for dust/rock protection, and other life support issues have not been addressed yet. Our crew will be relying on rovers most EVAs. Image Copyright of 2005 Volker Steger / Science Photo Library Image from 2008 Silver BioSuit Mock-up Return to HF Title

10 Humidity Condensate Drinking /Hygiene Water Crew Systems Food Water Recovery Air Revitalization Waste Meal Preparation Water Urine /Hygiene Waste Water Recovered Waste Water Meal Preparation Waste Water for Oxygen Generation Return to HF Title

11 Water Recovery System Transit Total Mass Consumed= 6403.2 kg Recovery Percentage=85% Total Mass of Life Support System= 1906.4 kg Air Revitalization Subsystem Transit Total Mass Consumed= 1440 kg Recovery Percentage=95% Total Mass of Life Support System= 1013.8 kg Waste Handling and Processing Total Mass= 463 kg Total Mass of ECLSS= 3.14t Total Power of ECLSS= 6.4 kW Total Volume of ECLSS= 13.64 Return to HF Title

12 Cycle Ergometer Aerobic and Cardiovascular Resistance Exercise Device Protects against skeletal muscle mass and function Mass [kg]Power [kw]Volume [m 3 ] Cycle Ergometer 280.20.19 Resistance Exercise Device 2720.30.19 Total3000.50.38 Return to HF Title

13 Artificial Gravity (Rotational Forces) Ideal range for long duration: 1-4 rpm Spin-up maneuvers: ~23 rpm, < 60 minutes Maximum: ~60 rpm, < 1 minute Gravity gradient is ~9% from head to toe Coriolis effect is negligible Re-Entry Forces Ideal sustained: ±4 gx, ±1gy, ±0.5 gz Impacts < 1 second: ±20 gx, ±20 gy, ±15 gz Drawings by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

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15 Waste after 180 Days # of People and Days ==> 8180 MassUnitsVolumeUnits Mass [kg]Volume [m 3 ] Waste Food1.82kg/p/d0.008m 3 /p/d2620.811.52 WCS Supplies0.05kg/p/d0.0013m 3 /p/d721.872 Collection bags0.23kg/p/d0.0008m 3 /p/d331.21.152 Hygiene Consumables0.075kg/p/d0.0015m 3 /p/d1082.16 Disposable Wipes0.025kg/p/d0.0005m 3 /p/d360.72 Trash Bags0.05kg/p/d0.001m 3 /p/d721.44 Used Tape0.041kg/p/d0.0002m 3 /p/d59.040.288 Medical Consumables83.33333kg0.41667m3m3 83.330.42 Water*4.1kg/p/d 59045.91 Air (180 days) 232 TOTAL 9518.425.5 *Water 4.1 kg/p/d came from 15% waste water a day assuming crew uses 27.6 kg/p/d of water, this does not include a 40 day buffer where no water is recycled which is acting as a buffer for Crew A return mass/volume Calculations and Table by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

16 Lights Mass [kg]Volume [m^3]Power [W] 22 Units (1 Hab)74.80.246539660 Thermal Protection/System Mass (kg)Volume (m^3)Power (W) Heating63.720.0249,020 Cooling280.80.1258.58 Total +30%447.8760.15664062.154 Calculations by Joubert Lucas; Table by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

17 Crew Transit Missions Surface Area (m^2)Thickness (m) Arial Density (g/cm^2) Weight (kg) (includes 30% Buffer) Volume (m^3) (based on 30% buffered weight) 2.25 X 2 X 2m room36.740.099.004298.714.48 Crew A Food51.240.021.601065.891.11 Crew 1 Food32.280.021.60671.470.70 Cargo Missions (to protect food from radiation) Surface Area (m^2)Thickness (m) Arial Density (g/cm^2) Weight (kg) (includes 30% Buffer) Volume (m^3) (based on 30% buffered weight) Cargo A76.760.021.601596.631.66 Cargo 190.310.021.601878.551.96 Cargo 2129.650.021.602696.762.81 Cargo 3158.280.021.603292.173.43 Cargo 4172.520.021.603588.333.74 Cargo 5179.420.021.603731.893.89 Cargo 6157.370.021.603273.223.41 Cargo 7109.770.021.602283.282.38 Cargo 8 (and after)49.030.021.601019.831.06 *Assuming food (dehydrated, etc) is stored in cubed boxes **Used polyethylene, which has a density of 0.96 g/cm^3 Research by Joubert Lucas; Table by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

18 Reference Requirement [kg/p/d] Water (Rapp 2008)27.6 Crew A MissionTransitDescent/AscentLiving on Mars Estimated Days 36040550 Mass Total H20 Consumptionkg794888832121440 Percent H20 Recovered%85 Mass H20 Needed to Bring withkg11923.2 18216 Total Transit Mass of H20 to Marskg20755.2 Total Transit Volume of H20 to Marsm3m3 20.8*Divide kg water by 998.2 for m^3 Total Cargo (Surface) Mass of H20kg18216.0 Total Cargo (Surface) Volume of H20m3m3 18.2*Assuming H20 is gathered In-Situ Crew 1 MissionTransit to MarsDescentLiving on Mars Estimated Days 18020550 Mass Total H20 Consumptionkg397444416121440 Percent H20 Recovered%85 Mass H20 Needed (Back-Up)kg5961.6 18216 Total Transit Masskg10377.6 Total Transit Volumem3m3 10.4 Total Cargo (Surface) Masskg18216.0 Total Cargo (Surface) Volumem3m3 18.2*Assuming H20 is gathered In-Situ By Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

19 Estimated Consumption ReferenceRequirement (kg/day) Oxygen(Rapp 2008)1 Crew Mission A: Crew Size8 Crew A Mission TransitRecycled DaysNot RecycledLiving on Mars Estimated Days36040550 MTMT kg28803204400 RpRp %95 MBMB kg144 220 Total Transit Mass of 02kg464.0 Total Transit Volume of 02m3m3 Density [kg/m^3]1140.99 Total Cargo (Surface) Mass of 02kg220.0 Total Cargo (Surface) Volume of 02m3m3 *Assuming O2 is gathered In-Situ Crew Mission 1: Crew Size8 Crew 1 Mission TransitRecycled DaysNot RecycledLiving on Mars Estimated Days18020800 MTMT kg14401606400 RpRp %95 MBMB kg72 320 Total Transit Mass of 02kg232.0 Total Transit Volume of 02m3m3 Total Cargo (Surface) Mass of 02kg320.0 Total Cargo (Surface) Volume of 02m3m3 By Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

20 Tank O2: Crew A DaysCrew SizeEfficencyMb [kg]# of TanksRadius [m]Length [m]Volume[m^3]Total Mass [kg] 36088543290.6228.5003448.276 408032070.52.215.7605331.5184 7808.410.10.50.01998.5611 Crew 1 DaysCrew SizeEfficencyMb [kg]# of TanksRadius [m]Length [m]Volume[m^3]Total Mass [kg] 18088521640.62.213.5716230.6739 208016030.62.210.1787174.0702 Tank N2: Crew A DaysCrew Size# of TanksRadius [m]Length [m]Volume[m^3]Total Mass [kg] 360820.52.54.9742411.724 40810.1 0.007319.4068 7810.1 0.007319.4068 Crew 1 DaysCrew SizeMb [kg]# of TanksRadius [m]Length [m]Volume[m^3]Total Mass [kg] 180818.7210.52.52.4871238.0567 2082.0810.1 0.007319.4068 Summary of Tank Mass/Volume: Mass [kg] Volume [m^3] O2+ N2 for Crew A Transit1210.9349.24 O2+ N2 for Crew 1 Transit662.2126.24 O2+ N2 for Crew Capsule27.970.0272 By Ashley Davis and Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title

21 Food Dry Food Consumed Earth food Emergency Food Greenhouse + Supplies Food Savings % Savings Subtotal Food Dry Food Consumed Earth food Emergency Food Greenhouse + Supplies Food Savings % Savings Subtotal First CargoSecond CargoThird CargoFourth Cargo 8800168002480032800 Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] 14720.051.229440.0102.444160.0153.658880.0204.8 15278.953.127199.894.635762.7124.440967.6142.5 1511.15.31679.05.83190.111.13358.011.7 11000.050.021000.080.011000.050.021000.080.0 10.00.04721.216.411447.239.722874.479.4 0.0 8.68.318.617.625.925.3 27790108.449878.8180.44849952.8185.48865325.6234.176 Fifth CargoSixth CargoSeventh Cargo8th, 9th, 10th…Etc 40800488005680056800 Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ]Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ]Mass [kg] Volume [m 3 ] 73600.0256.088320.0307.2103040.0358.4103040.0358.4 41975.0146.032236.8112.114103.649.10.0 5037.017.56380.222.28395.029.26720.023.4 11000.050.021000.080.011000.050.06000.030.0 36988.0128.562183.0216.195101.4330.5110880.0385.4 38.937.651.150.274.072.089.787.8 58012213.5259617214.3233498.6128.2561272053.36 Calculations by Lisa Kurtzhals and Spreadsheet by Stephanie Johnston Return to HF Title


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