2 Contents Definition of e-waste Introduction Problems Challenges solutiongoals
3 IntroductionWhy E-Waste A Problem?As technology quickly develops,people are constantly getting newequipment and stop using their old equipment. An electronic product may contain morethan1,000different substances,some of which can be harmful to human and environmental health. If old equipment is notproperly recycled, these substances could get into the air, soil and water.
4 IntroductionReuse is an option to recycling because it extends the lifespanof a device. Devices still need eventual recycling, but by allowingothers to purchase used electronics, recycling can be postponedand value gained from device useThe more we recycle the more we save. The more we recycle the more we will protect our children and our assets.
5 FocusingWe identified the problem stems from the problems of e-waste.we worked hard and study it to get a good solution for it . After hard work from research and development department and all employees on Spear ink company we finally got the solution which lead us to reduce co2 on the air and we can also able to recycle this waste . this problem is ink and toner cartridge .
6 The ProblemThere are toxic substances contained in electronics that can harm human health if they are not treated in a sustainable manner.E-waste is growing faster than any other from of municipal waste and threatens to damage our health, degrade our environment and heighten global warming.
7 The ProblemIt takes about a gallon of oil to make a new laser cartridge.Every remanufactured laser cartridge saves nearly 2.5 pounds of metal & plastic waste from being deposited in landfills.-components made of industrial grade plastics will take over a thousand years todecompose.- In one year, if the world’s discarded cartridges were stacked end-to-end;they would circle the earth over three times.
8 Hazardous materials are chemical substances, which if released or misused can pose a threat to the environment or health. black mimeograph ink can be moderately toxic if swallowed but does not pose health hazards under normal conditions of use.General first aid Guidelines: Read the MSDS for detailed first aid information. In general, wash with soap and water, and for eye exposure, flush affected area with water for at least 15 minutes. If overexposure by inhalation occurs. Remove the victim to fresh air. And if a hazardous chemical is swallowed check the MSDA for first aid procedure.
9 Laser Toner cartridges parts PCRConductive rubber MetalsDRUMAluminum Photo conductive materialPlasticAlloy of nickel & phosphorusBLADESPolyurethaneMetals
10 a toner particle (weight=1 nanogram) Hazardous MaterialsLaser toner cartridgesToner powdera toner particle (weight=1 nanogram)Toner is essentially a very small particle of plastic and pigment that is able to maintain a particular polar electric/magnetic charge.1The particle may also contain ferromagnetic or other additives in order to strengthen its magnetic properties. 2Toner is typically composed of a mix of two materials:80%-90% ‘plastic’ polymer20%-10% carbon black pigment3Both of these materials have their origins as petrochemicals.toner carrier bead (size= 100 microns)
11 The transformation of oil into a finished toner product begins with the creation of the two primary components:Carbon blackPlastic polymerCarbon black is used as a black pigment in a great number of modern products.Pigment blacks are used in printing inks, coatings, and for UV protection in plastics. 1Chemical companies sold 7.7 million metric tons (17.2 billion lbs.) of carbon black world wide in 20022The majority of carbon black sold (70%) is to the rubber market; pigments make up 10%.
12 Carbon foot print .The calculation of the carbon footprint is performed by first identifying and mapping outthe inputs of each life cycle stage. Conversion factors for each input are applied toconvert material use and energy / fuel consumption into carbon dioxide or carbondioxide equivalent emissions. Components of the carbon footprint are calculated foreach stage of the life cycle shown infigure 1
13 Example If 1 million cartridges going to the landfills it mean 300 ton plastic50 ton aluminum ton of toner powder100 ton rubber & metals ton polyurethane & metals
14 There is no data bank for ChallengesConsumer awarenessLegislation/regulationsThere is no data bank for(consumers – collectors –recyclers )Conventional methods of collectionIllegal porkers(non authorized )The safe solutions
15 Our Solutions environmental Awareness program High tech machines High quantity Recycled productsCollection boxesTreatment coating
16 Refilling machines The green economy Sustainability It make us helping to improve the quality, raise profits and make print cartridges recycling a competitive green industry with a real impact on our environment.Sustainabilitytesting methods to assure the quality of recycled itemssmart
17 Other technique solutions The big challenge for re remanufactures when they reuse the laser toner cartridge that to obtain high quality printing and the mean part on the the cartridge has responsibility to enhance the print quality and make black graphics & texts the magnetic roller .This coating gives this quality when applying on the magnetic roller & make cartridge work from 2-3 cycle again to avoid throw away the old cartridge .
18 Solution Refurbished / reused / remanufactured cartridges These types of cartridges are to a greater or lesser extent produced from old printercartridge parts that have been reused or repaired. All parts are examined, washed and tested individually to meet or exceed the quality standards set up by the OEM cartridge manufacturer. Key parts affecting quality and performance of the printer cartridge are replaced with new components while the cartridge case and non-wearing components are kept.It’s better to re-use parts of old printer cartridges than to create new waste that ends up in landfills or incinerators. Less waste and energy are used in the manufacturing of these cartridges compared with recycled cartridges thus making them a better purchase.
19 And the biggest solution is “ the human mind will not stop working to solve our problems”Soour Researching & Developing team all the time working on the solutions
20 Awareness campaignsSpear ink activities do not limit only to the industry challenges but also extend to the public awareness events considering various stakeholder target groupsSuch activities are well diversified, via multimedia, seminars, field exhibitions and work shopsLike (Green Shram campaign ) with MobinilLunching green Egypt initiative by facebook and & called for an annual E-day for the ewaste
21 And the next is …Provide Information to ConsumerHow to RecycleWhere To RecycleWhere to ReturnHow to DisposeProvide Toll-Free Number & Internet Web Site