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Sectors of Industry Sectors of Industry PowerPoint Presentation

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Presentation on theme: "Sectors of Industry Sectors of Industry PowerPoint Presentation"— Presentation transcript:

1 Sectors of Industry Sectors of Industry PowerPoint Presentation
Grade Eight Social Studies Jacquet River School

2 Action Plan Sectors of Industry
The audience for this presentation is a Grade Seven class of 15 students. The students are 13 and 14 years old. The venue is a classroom equipped with a Smart Board and student desks. Students will be expected to ask and answer questions during the presentation. The students know that the presentation revolves around employment, but this is an introduction to the topic. Many of the audience members are interested because future employment is a common discussion topic in the classroom. Some members are less interested as nobody at home works. This is an informational presentation that will be speaker led. Students will apply the knowledge they garner from the presentation into topic related activities.

3 Learning Objectives Learning Objectives
Students will accept that people have always worked and that they too will work one day. Students will identify the four industry sectors and provide job examples for each industry sector. Students will choose a job that they would like to do. They will research and present their job selection to the class using PowerPoint. They will identify which industry sector they work in and what skills they need to bring to their job. Students will interpret data from a chart and answer questions based on the data in the chart.

4 Why people work where they do.
Sectors of Industry Why people work where they do. Ask students what ideas are considered when people are looking for work. Examples: earning money to meet their basic needs, types of employment that are available in the local area, education, motivation and ambition, personal preferences, etc Ask students what they would like to do to earn a living. Ask if they know how to arrive at their job destination. Ask students if they notice that certain types of jobs have certain similar parts . How are jobs categorized? All images courtesy of Microsoft Office ClipArt

5 Industry Sectors There are four industry sectors: Primary Secondary
There are four industry sectors: Primary Secondary Tertiary Quaternary Ask students what activities might take place in each sector. Note to children that tertiary and quaternary sectors are related to each other (service) All images courtesy of Microsoft Office ClipArt

6 Primary Sector Work in primary industry involves harvesting and extracting natural resources from the Earth. Key vocabulary: harvest, extract, natural resources. Name three jobs involved in primary industry. Ask students where they have heard the term “harvest”? Ask what it means to them. Get examples of resources that are harvested. Same question process for extract and natural resources. Seek examples of materials that are extracted and harvested. Elicit job examples in primary sector from students. Photo from Microsoft Office ClipArt Miner from Microsoft Office ClipArt Oil Pump from iStockphoto, Microsoft Office ClipArt

7 Secondary Industry Jobs in secondary industry transforms natural resources into consumer goods. Most jobs in secondary industry involves construction and manufacturing. Key Vocabulary: construction, manufacturing Name three specific jobs in secondary industry. Make certain that students understand that construction means to build and manufacturing means to make. Have students create a list of products that are built or made. The list should be endless. Ask how they think these products would be made or built. Generate a list of job examples from students. All photos courtesy of Microsoft Office ClipArt

8 Tertiary Industry Jobs in tertiary industry involve individuals providing services to other people. Jobs include people in government, health, education among many others. Key Vocabulary: government, services Name ten jobs involved in tertiary industry. Ask students if they do everything for themselves. Ask who does what for them at home. Insist that these things that are done for them are called services. Ask who performs services for them where they or their parents must pay (haircuts, tips to waiter, clerks in stores, etc). Ask if they pay the doctor or the teacher. Ask if they think this is free. Talk about how taxes are used to provide services to people. All photos courtesy Of Microsoft Office ClipArt

9 Quaternary Industry Jobs in quaternary industry involve providing services linked to ideas and information technology. Jobs occur in research laboratories and communications Key Vocabulary: information technology, communications, research laboratories Name two jobs involved in quaternary industry. Explain that high technology is scientific in nature. Information technology involves how information is communicated to others. Ask how they communicate in their lives. Digital technology plays a larger role in people’s lives than it ever has before. Generate a list of quaternary industry jobs. All photos courtesy of Microsoft Office ClipArt

10 Employment by Industry Sector
These are the years the data was collected. Over half the workforce is in Primary. Why? 1891 1951 2003 Primary Sector 52.8% 22.6% 4.0% Secondary Sector 33.8% 45.7% 20.5% Tertiary and Quaternary Sectors 13.4% 31.7% 75.5% Source is Statistics Canada, Changing Your World: Investigating Empowerment, p. 64, Sharon Sterling. Work in Primary sector reduced itself to 4% by 2003? What work is done in Primary Sector that we all depend on. What is it? Explain why the workforce is so much smaller in Primary today than a century ago. What happened? What happened in Secondary Industry that it rose in the first half of the 20th century and diminished in the second half?

11 Employment by Sector (%)
Explain to students that the graph measures in percentages the division of duties in employment through sectors. Ask students to read the numbers represented in each sector on the graph. Ask why students think there are so many workers in primary sector in 1891 compared to What might have changed during that period of time? Ask students to ask at home and in their families why they think secondary industry had so many workers in 1951, but fewer workers in 2003 than in 1891. Ask students why they think there are so many more workers in tertiary and quaternary industries than primary and secondary. Ask why they think this is the case. Series 1 is Primary Industry, Series 2 is Secondary Industry and Series 3 is Tertiary and Quaternary Sectors combined

12 Questions Name the four sectors of industry and the types of jobs involved. Give three examples of jobs for each sector of industry. Why do you think so many jobs occur in tertiary sector? Explain what that says about people in our society today? Which sector has seen constant decline in employment? What can explain this? How much has tertiary industry increased from to 2003? What explains so few jobs in 1891 and so many in 2003? Have students review the presentation to come up with answers to the provided questions. Copies of the slides will be made available to the students. Remind students that they will be preparing a PowerPoint presentation on the job they would like to do. A rubric of assessment will follow.

13 PowerPoint Project: My Future Job
You will produce a PowerPoint presentation based on your vision of your future job. Your presentation will be 8-15 slides in length. You will provide details on: income, education path, duties, work environment, daily work schedule (example), responsibilities, and potential for promotion. You will write a letter to an employer detailing why you are the best choice for the job you have chosen. Include images and video to enhance your presentation. Make sure you do not overload text boxes with information!

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