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Suez Canal 1859186918821914194019541956197519801994199620022008 Figures & Photos Suez Canal Authority.

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Presentation on theme: "Suez Canal 1859186918821914194019541956197519801994199620022008 Figures & Photos Suez Canal Authority."— Presentation transcript:

1 Suez Canal 1859186918821914194019541956197519801994199620022008 Figures & Photos Suez Canal Authority

2 SC in the History 1887 BC Canal of the Pharos - Sesostris ( Senusret III ) 1310 BC Canal of the Pharos - ( Seti I ) 610 BC Canal of the Pharos - ( Necho ) 510 BC Canal of the Persians - ( King Darius ) 285 BC Canal of the Ptolemans - ( Ptolemy II ) 117 AD Canal of the Romans - ( Trajan ) 640 AD Canal of Arab ـ ( Emir El-Mo meneen ) Canal of Sesostris Linking the two seas through the Nile branches Suez Canal Authority

3 17/11/1869 Inauguration of the Suez Canal 26/7/1956 Nationalization of the Suez Canal 15/9/1956Withdrawal of foreign pilots 29/10/1956Closure of the Suez Canal ( 1956 War ) 10/4/1957Reopening the Canal following the Suez War 5/6/1967Closure of the Canal ( 1967 War ) 6/10/1973October War 5/6/1975Reopening the Canal after October War 16/12/1980The Canal Development Project ( First Stage ) Days to Remember Suez Canal Authority

4 Digging of the SC (1) First digging worksDigging and sand removal works First Concession Agreement - 30 November 1854 Founding the Suez Canal Company -15 December 1858 Start of digging - 27 April 1859 End of digging works - 12 August 1869 Suez Canal Authority

5 Digging Costs 369 million French Francs ( 14 million Egyptian Pounds ) Volume of excavation 74 million cubic meters of sand Digging works at Ismailia Laborers during the digging works Suez Canal Authority Digging of the SC (2) Peoples worked in the digging 1.5 million Peoples lost their lives 120,000 Digging Costs 369 million French Francs ( 14 million Egyptian Pounds )

6 Stages of Digging (1)(1) (2)(2) (4)(4) (3)(3) (1)-18 March 1862 Mediterranean waters had flowed into Lake Timsah (2)- 18 March 1869 Mediterranean waters had reached the Bitter Lakes (3)- 15 August 1869 Red Sea waters had reached the small Bitter Lakes (4)- 18 August 1869 The two seas had been linked Suez Canal Authority

7 Ceremonys Cost LE 2 million Main Stage for high-ranking DignitariesDinner banquet in Ismailia Suez Canal Authority SC Inauguration Ceremony Ceremonys attendances 6000 Dignitaries Opening Ceremony in Egypt (1) 17 November 1869

8 Suez Canal Authority Hundreds of tents, a luxurious palace, an opera house and more than 77 vessels & boats on Lake Timsah were at the disposal of the honored guests SC Inauguration Ceremony Opening Ceremony in Egypt (2)

9 Suez Canal Authority Guests of the Inauguration Ceremony State delegates who attended the Ceremony SC Inauguration Ceremony Opening Ceremony in Egypt (3)

10 Development of the Waterway Suez Canal Authority Description 18691956At Present Overall length Km 164175190.3 Doubled parts Km -2978 Canal depthM 101422.5 Permissible max. draught Ft 223562 Permissible max. size of laden ship 1000 DWT 530220

11 Night traffic started on 1 st March 1887 Suez Canal Authority

12 Convention of Constantinople It was signed by Great Britain, Germany, Austro-Hungary, Spain, France, Italy, the Netherlands, Russia, and Turkey Suez Canal Authority ( Guaranteed Right of Passage of all Ships through the SC ) 19 October 1888

13 Personsin the History of SC Persons in the History of SC Ptolemy II 285 BC The Pharaoh (Senusret III) 610 BC Before the Digging of the Present Canal Persian King (Darius) 510 BC Roman King (Trajan) 117 AD Suez Canal Authority

14 Said Pasha, Viceroy of Egypt (1863-1854) De Lesseps (1805-1894) Khedive Ismail (1863-1879) Suez Canal Authority Personsin the History of SC Persons in the History of SC During the Digging of the Present Canal

15 Viceroy Said ( 1854 – 1863 ) Khedive Ismail ( 1863 – 1879 ) Khedive Tewfiq ( 1879 – 1892 ) King Farouk I ( 1936 – 1952 ) King Fouad I ( 1917 – 1936 ) Sultan Hussain Kamel ( 1914 – 1917 ) Khedive Abbas Helmi II ( 1892 – 1914 ) Egypts Rulers & Kings before 1952 Suez Canal Authority

16 Anwar Al-Sadat ( 1970 – 1981 ) Gamal Abdel Nasser ( 1954 – 1970 ) Hosni Mubarak ( 1981 – 2011) Mohammed Naguib ( 1952 – 1954 ) Suez Canal Authority Egypts Presidents after 1952

17 Jules Guichard ( 1894 – 1896 ) Charles Jonnart ) 1913 – 1927 ) Prince Auguste-Louis-Albéric ( 1896 – 1913 ) François Chales -Roux ) 1948 - 1956 ) Louis de Vogüé ( 1927 – 1948 ) De Lesseps ( 1855 – 1894 ) SC Chairmen Suez Canal Authority ( Before the Nationalization of the SC - 26 July 1956 )

18 Dr. Helmi Bahgat Badawy ( 1956 – 1957 ) Eng. Mahmoud Younis ( 1957 – 1965 ) Eng. Mashhour A. Mashhour ( 1965 – 1983 ) Admiral Ahmed Fadel ( 1996 – Present ) Eng. M. Ezzat Adel ( 1984 – 1995 ) Suez Canal Authority SC Chairmen ( After the Nationalization of the SC - 26 July 1956 )

19 Doubled Parts of the SC Doubled Parts of the SC 1)- Port-Said Bypass ( 27 km - Dug in 1980 ) 2)- Ballah Bypass ( 10 km - Dug in 1955 ) 3)- Timsah Bypass ( 4 km - Dug in 1980 ) 4)- Difresoir & kabreet Bypass ( 27 km - Dug in 1980 ) Suez Canal Authority

20 Events and Wars (1)- British Occupation of Egypt Tel El-Kebir battle was the beginning of the British occupation of Egypt which lasted for 72 years Orabi deceived by the promise of De Lesseps that the canal not be used for war purpose, had opposed the idea of closing the canal to protect Egypt against British Occupation Tal El-Kebir Battle Suez Canal Authority 13 September 1882

21 (2)- War 1956 SC remained under Egypts stewardship for 99 days from its nationalization to the closure due to the war 29 October 1956 The Israeli attack 31 October 1956 The British / French attack 1 November 1956 Interruption of the navigation 23 December 1956 Egypt retrieved Port Said ( Victory Day ) Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars

22 Suez Canal Authority building in Port Said SC was closed for 8 years ( 5 June 1967 to 5 June 1975 ) World economy sustained a loss of US$ 7 Billion (3)- War 1967 Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars

23 Egyptian soldiers overrun the ramparts along the Canal Egyptian flag hoisted on Bar Lev fortified line (4)- War 1973 Suez Canal Authority Events and Wars

24 Second re-opening of SC Re-opening ceremony in Port-Said A note commemorating the re-opening occasio n Suez Canal Authority ( 5 June 1975 )

25 Dates of SC closures 5 Days In August 1882 during the British aggression on Egypt 76 Days During the world war II 4 Days ( 31/12/1954 - 4/1/1955 ) - Tankers collision with Ferdan bridge 159 Days ( 2/11/1956 - 10/4/1957 ) - The tripartite aggression on Egypt 8 Years ( 5/6/1967 - 4/6/1975 ) - Following the 1967 war 3 Days ( 7/11/2005 - 9/11/2005 ) - when a vessel grounded at km 62 Suez Canal Authority

26 Traffic Statistics Suez Canal Authority 186919562008 No of vessels1043 29122 000 Net Ton81 000 Ton107 M. Ton900 M. Ton Toll RevenuesFF 1.3 MillionUS$ 39 MillionUS$ 5 Billion SC Share of World Seaborne Trade 10 %

27 Saving in Distance via SC Via Cape 11 169 mile Via SC 6 436 mile Rotterdam Ras Tanura Suez Canal Authority FromTo Saving N. Miles% Ras TanuraLavera96657 Rotterdam733442 JeddahPireas887988 SingaporeRotterdam647329

28 Traffic System Three convoys / day ( 2 Southbound & 1 Northbound ) Pilotage is compulsory in the Canal ( 4 Pilots are assigned for each ship throughout its trip in the Canal ) Permissible speed is 13 - 14 km / hr Time interval between vessels is 10-16 min or 2 - 3 km Average transit time is 12 - 15 hrs N2 N1 S Suez Canal Authority

29 ThanksThanks


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