Presentation on theme: "YEAR OF THE BAT: 2001 One Chinese F-8 fighter pilot thought it was the year of the serpent when he attempted to intimidate an American Navy EP-3 patrol."— Presentation transcript:
1YEAR OF THE BAT: 2001One Chinese F-8 fighter pilot thought it was the year of the serpent when he attempted to intimidate an American NavyEP-3 patrol plane. The bat landed at the Chinese base shown above. The serpent crashed into the South China Sea.
2US Navy Patrol Aircraft PR-32 of VQ-1 on a routine mission in Southeast Asia was suddenly accompanied in flight by two Chinese J-8 twin jet fighter aircraft which was not uncommon in this part of the world. PR-32 carried her normal compliment of 24 crewmembers with Lt. Shane Osborn as Plane Commander.
3“The fighter came up under their left wing “The fighter came up under their left wing. This pilot made two very close passespreviously that day. He apparently misjudged the intercept and his vertical stabilizerstruck the outboard left propeller on the EP-3. The U.S. plane was in straight and levelflight on autopilot at the time. The fighter broke into two pieces and plunged intothe sea.” said Lt. Osborn
4“The U.S. plane rolled to the left almost inverted, the pilot lost control and they began to lose altitude. The Chinese fighter had knocked off the nose cone causing the aircraft tobuffet wildly. The nose cone collided with and damaged the number 4 propeller on theright wing. The pressure vessel was punctured and the EP-3 depressurized. The pitottube was damaged eliminating airspeed indications in the cockpit,” Osborn stated.
5"We were almost upside down & totally out of control," Osborn told us. The dive continued and some crew members donned parachutes. Atabout 8,000 feet, Osborne regained straight and level flight. They headedfor the nearest land……. Hainan Island, China.They made numerous mayday radio calls on internationally recognizedemergency frequencies. The Chinese did not respond. The U.S. crew nowfaced the most difficult landing of their lives.
6Somehow, they managed to get the airplane on the ground Somehow, they managed to get the airplane on the ground. Their next immediate taskwas to destroy the sensitive electronic surveillance equipment aboard the EP-3.Meanwhile the Chinese military had approached the aircraft in vehicles and wereyelling at them through loudspeakers to deplane. The next 11 days would be a veryuncertain time for them. Note the damage to the aircraft nose and prop!Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
704/12/2001 HAINAN, China -- The EP-3 aircrew members pose with flight attendants of a commercially chartered airliner before departure for Guam on Thursday, April 12. (U.S. Pacific Command photo by Staff. Sgt. John A. Giles)HAINAN, China -- The EP-3 aircrew members pose with flight attendantsof Continental Airlines before departure for Guam on Thursday, April 12,ending their 11 days as Chinese captives. by Staff. Sgt. John A. Giles
8“When we met them, they told us that they had not been abused or mistreated. Their food was adequate and plentiful. On the 4th day, they got some coffeeand on the 5th day, some cokes were provided.”Captain Guy Greider, Continental AirlinesThe Chinese would not allow a military aircraft to pick up the crew. The crew had landed at Lingshui AB but were transported the 200 kilometers to Haikou Airport for the Continental charter team to meet them and fly them out of the Peoples Republic of China.
9OVER THE SOUTH CHINA SEA – Navy LTJG Regina Kauffman (navigator) smiles after boarding the Continental Airlines flight bringing her and the other 23 PR-32 crewmembers back from Hainan, China, April 12, 2001.by Staff. Sgt. John A. Giles
10HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, Hawaii -- Ensign Richard Bensing raises an American flag after his arrival Thursdayat Hickam Air Force Base, Hawaii after 11 days in China.by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Elizabeth L. Burke
11HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, Hawaii –An anxious crowd stands by to welcome home the EP-3 crew who was released Wednesday after 11 daysin China. by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Elizabeth L. Burke
12HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, Hawaii -- Navy Lt. Shane Osborn, EP-3 mission commander, speaks to the media (in aviator’s language) before he and his crew'sdeparture from Hawaii for their home base on Whidbey Island, Washington.Osborn stated that his crew did everything right during the incident and hadnothing to apologize for by Navy Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Chad McNeeley
13HICKAM AIR FORCE BASE, Hawaii --the crew boards a C-9 aircraft en route to Whidbey Island by Staff Sgt. Sharon Baltazar
14The remaining 22 crew members were awarded the Air Medal for heroism. The U.S. Navy has awarded Lt. Shane Osborn, the Distinguished Flying Cross for heroism.Senior Chief Petty Officer Nicholas Mellos, received the Meritorious Service Medalfor exemplary conduct .The remaining 22 crew members were awarded the Air Medal for heroism.Update May
15KADENA AIR BASE, Okinawa, Japan -- Lockheed Martin was contracted to perform the disassembly work of PR-32 because the Chinese would not allow it to be repairedand flown out. The AN-124 charter jet departed on the morning of June 16, loaded withthe first cargo load of equipment needed to start the recovery operation of the downedEP-3 aircraft that had managed to land without any assistance from the Chinese.
16A military cargo plane was not an option for this project, because the Chinese government only authorized the United States to use commercial airlift. Only three companies in theworld operate the AN-124 commercially Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
17Every single item that flew into or out of Hainan had to be logged and approved by Chinese Customs authorities. Check out the guy on the right!Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
18that was flown in, “ said Norris. A U.S. physician was among the crew. The recovery team had to bring in every conceivable piece of equipment and personalsupplies to survive for 30 days, “Even our own Gatorade,” said Norris. “ Temporaryliving quarters for the crew had to be built from scratch with 14,000 pounds of lumberthat was flown in, “ said Norris. A U.S. physician was among the crew.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
19Temperatures at Lingshui averaged more than 100 degrees, with humidity above 90%. There also were monsoon rains and winds, said Norris. The first day on the job, the crewdrank 160 bottles of water, and “was having a tough time staying hydrated,” he said.(Photo: Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co)
20In addition to the grueling weather, there was another source of vexation for the crew: constant monitoring bythe Chinese. The host country mostly was concernedabout the potential damage that the huge AN-124 couldinflict on the runway, Norris said.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
21Fire protection services were subcontracted from Hainan Airlines Fire protection services were subcontracted from Hainan Airlines. Lockheed gaveaway the EP-3’s fuel to the airlines. The fuel was the only item that the crew did nothave to pick up and remove. The Chinese government’s marching orders were that“everything that came in had to go,” said Norris. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
22VQ-1 received the first EP-3E Aries II in 1991 . The squadron played a key role in OperationsDesert Shield and Desert Storm with a 100%mission completion rate.Tasking included strike support, combat searchand rescue, and over-the-horizon target supportto coalition forces.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
23The EP-3E ARIES II aircraft is a four-engine, low-wing, electronic warfare andreconnaissance aircraftutilizing state-of-the-artelectronic surveillanceequipment and is capableof 12+ hour enduranceand nauticalmile range.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
24The normal crew complement is 24: 7 officers and 17 enlisted aircrew. The EP-3E typically carries three pilots, one navigator, three tacticalevaluators, and one flight engineer. The remainder of the crew is composedof equipment operators, technicians, and mechanics. Not all members of thecrew are intelligence specialists Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
25plus all their own equipment and supplies out of China in only 17days! The Lockheed recovery crew took this large plane apart, and flew those partsplus all their own equipment and supplies out of China in only 17days!Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
26The EP-3E is powered by four Allison T56-A-14 turboprop engines, and has a wing span of 99 ft, 8 in., a length of 105 ft, 11 in., and a height of 34 ft, 3 in.There are 24 numbered seating positions, of which 19 are crew stations.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
27The lineage of VQ-1’s "World Watchers" can be traced back to two PBY-5A Catalina "Black Cats" modified for electronic reconnaissance during World War II. The unitwas formally established as the Special Electronic Search Project at NAS Sangley Point,Republic of the Philippines, in Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
28Based on the conditions of the airframe, Norris estimated it would take eight months to rebuild the plane. Some of the PR-32’s major components, such as the wings, “are inperfect shape.” But other items, such as the nose, were not recovered, because they hadbeen badly damaged when hit by a Chinese F-8 fighter on April 1,2001.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
29That collision resulted in the death of the fighter pilot and the near-loss of the EP-3E and its crew. The U.S. Navy pilot, Lt. Shane Osborn, according to service reports, managed to pullthe plane out of an inverted dive and executed an emergency landing at Lingshui, where the24-member crew was detained for 11 days Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
30The recovery crew worked through monsoons, rainstorms and tropical heat. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
31Main gear removal in the rain. (Photo: Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co)
32Preparing a nacelle to load. (Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
35HAINAN, China – Members of the Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co HAINAN, China – Members of the Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co. recovery teamload the propellers and engines from the EP-3 on to the chartered AN-124 aircrafton June 29. They are performing disassembly work on the EP-3 at Lingshui Airfieldin preparation for its return to the United States. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co.
36Loading the AN-124 for one of its 5 loads. Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
37It took ten sorties—five in and five out of Hainan—to complete the process.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
38The disassembly of PR-32 began on June 19, when a “key piece of equipment arrived.” That was the “fuselage recovery trailer,” which would make it possible to load thefuselage of the EP-3 into the 124’s cargo bay, and unload it, without bending the metal.It was a customized trailer that Lockheed engineers designed just a few weeks beforethe trip into Lingshui Airbase Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
41PR-32, along with all the equipment used by the recovery crew, was airlifted away in a giant Russian cargo plane, the Antonov AN Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
42This EP-3 will fly again. The Chinese would not allow it to be repairedand flown out ofChina.Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
43The recovery of the EP-3—by a team of about a dozen Lockheed Martin employees and representatives from the U.S. Navy and the U.S. Pacific Command—took place betweenJune 15 and July 5, Under an agreement with the United States, the Chinesegovernment allowed a maximum of 30 days for the recovery work. The recovery teamhad to bring in every conceivable piece of equipment and personal supplies to survivefor 30 days Lockheed Martin Aeronautics Co
44Navy Spy Plane Back in Air The damaged U.S. Navy Lockheed EP-3 surveillance plane was repaired inMarietta, and with a few more test flights it will go back into active duty. Now, after 16 months of work by Lockheed Martin employees in Marietta,the Navy surveillance plane severely damaged in a mid-air collision by aChinese fighter jet last year is flying once more. November, 2002FINAL SCORE : BAT – 2 , SERPENT - 0Presentation by Ben Stephens