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1 AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PRODUCTION IN ARKANSAS 1103 Steven C Seideman Extension Food Processing Specialist Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas.

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Presentation on theme: "1 AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PRODUCTION IN ARKANSAS 1103 Steven C Seideman Extension Food Processing Specialist Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 AGRICULTURE AND FOOD PRODUCTION IN ARKANSAS 1103 Steven C Seideman Extension Food Processing Specialist Cooperative Extension Service University of Arkansas

2 2 HISTORY *The longevity of humans began to increase in about 1200 AD when mankind began to domesticate plants and animals. *This domestication was probably the single most important event in the history of the mankind. *In the latter half of the 1800s, many states established Land-Grant Colleges whose purpose was to conduct research and teach agriculture. *In the early 1900s, the Cooperative Extension Service was established to disseminate agriculture knowledge to producers.

3 3 History The establishment of Land-Grant colleges, the Experiment Station and the Cooperative Extension Service working with farmers has developed the most productive and economical food supply in the world. The establishment of Land-Grant colleges, the Experiment Station and the Cooperative Extension Service working with farmers has developed the most productive and economical food supply in the world. We often take our food supply for granted until we go to other countries. We often take our food supply for granted until we go to other countries.

4 4 Agricultural Progress In just the last 50 years; In just the last 50 years; *Beef cattle and hogs-1/3 larger and far less fat. *Beef cattle and hogs-1/3 larger and far less fat. *Milk production per dairy cow has gone from 30 *Milk production per dairy cow has gone from 30 lbs per day to 115 lbs. lbs per day to 115 lbs. *To grow a chicken from hatching of the egg to *To grow a chicken from hatching of the egg to slaughter has decreased from 16 weeks to 6 slaughter has decreased from 16 weeks to 6 weeks. weeks. *The amount of crops per acre has often *The amount of crops per acre has often quadrupled. quadrupled.

5 5 Photo courtesy of USDA

6 6 Arkansas Statistics The next group of slides will go through; The next group of slides will go through; 1)Agricultural commodities in Arkansas. 1)Agricultural commodities in Arkansas. 2)The size and diversity of food processing 2)The size and diversity of food processing in Arkansas. in Arkansas.

7 7 AGRICULTURE COMMODITIES Commodity 2001 Cash Sales % of Ark Total % of US Total Total5,131,738,000 Animal Agriculture 3,507,395, Crops1,624,343,

8 8 Commodity Sales Value Commodity 2001 Sales ($) 2001 Sales ($) % Ark % US Livestock 574,525, ,525, Broilers 2,237,586,000 2,237,586, Eggs 302,718, ,718, Aquaculture 95,306,000 95,306, Rice 362,186, ,186, Feed Crops 147,719, ,719, Vegetables 30,878,000 30,878, Fruits/ Nuts 10,781,000 10,781,

9 9 ARKANSAS RANK AMONG STATES Commodity Ranking Commodity Ranking Rice 1 Rice 1 Broilers 2 Broilers 2 Turkeys 3 Turkeys 3 Catfish 3 Catfish 3 Cotton 5 Cotton 5 Eggs 6 Eggs 6 Soybeans 9 Soybeans 9

10 10 Photo courtesy of USDA

11 11 Photo courtesy of USDA

12 12 Food Processing In Arkansas Food processing in Arkansas is very large and diversified. Food processing in Arkansas is very large and diversified. Food processing establishments in Arkansas are some of the most state-of-the-art, high tech plants in the world. Food processing establishments in Arkansas are some of the most state-of-the-art, high tech plants in the world.

13 13 Photo courtesy of IFSE

14 14 Sales Value in Manufacturing Manufacturing Segment Sales Value (in $billions) Food$11.3 Lumbar & Paper $ 7.2 Metal & Fabrication $ 6.9 Chemical & Petroleum $ 4.4 Electrical $ 3.3 Machinery $ 3.2 Total$46.4

15 15 Number of Paid Employees Manufacturing Segment Number of Employees Food51,347 Lumber & Paper 33,347 Metal & Fabrication 30,468 Chemical & Petroleum 8,974 8,974 Electrical19,027 Machinery18,523 Total239,244

16 16 Manufacturing Payrolls Manufacturing Segment Payroll (in $millions) Food$1,004 Lumber & Paper $ 986 Metal & Fabrication $ 913 Chemical & Petroleum $ 336 Electrical $ 455 Machinery $ 486 Total$5,967

17 17 Manufacturing Establishments Manufacturing Segment Number of Establishments Food232 Lumber & Paper 1,205 Metal & Fabrication 371 Chemical & Petroleum 138 Electrical109 Machinery439 Total4,008

18 18 FOOD PROCESSING PLANTS IN ARKANSAS

19 19 Photo courtesy of Renee Threlfall

20 20 SIZES OF FOOD PLANTS Plant Size # of plants # of employees ,831 Over ,624 Total23254,128

21 21 FOOD PROCESSORS IN ARKANSAS Commodity # Establishments # Employees Red Meat 48 2,573 2,573 Poultry4733,452 Bakery23 5,239 5,239 Rice21 3,403 3,403 Jellies, Sauces Dairy Entrees 9 2,610 2,610

22 22 Photo courtesy of USDA

23 23 Photo courtesy of USDA

24 24 Photo courtesy of IFSE

25 25 Major Food Processors in Arkansas Some of the major food processors in Arkansas include; Some of the major food processors in Arkansas include; Allen Canning Co, Boars Head Provision Co, Conagra Foods, Frito-Lay, Gerber, Nestles, Odoms Sausage, Planters Peanuts, Pinnacle Foods, Post Cereals, Riceland Foods, Simmons and Tyson. Allen Canning Co, Boars Head Provision Co, Conagra Foods, Frito-Lay, Gerber, Nestles, Odoms Sausage, Planters Peanuts, Pinnacle Foods, Post Cereals, Riceland Foods, Simmons and Tyson. With the exception of rice and poultry, most other food processing companies are not in Arkansas due to the proximity to raw materials. With the exception of rice and poultry, most other food processing companies are not in Arkansas due to the proximity to raw materials.

26 26 Why Food Processors are in Arkansas Abundant, hard-working and economical labor force. Abundant, hard-working and economical labor force. Centrally located in the US Centrally located in the US Proximity to the Interstate road system Proximity to the Interstate road system Right to Work state. Right to Work state. State and community support. State and community support.

27 27 The Food Dollar On average, the farmer gets about 17 cents of every dollar spent in food stores. The other 83 cents is spent by the food processor, distributor and the store. In 1980, farmers received about 31 cents of the dollar. On average, the farmer gets about 17 cents of every dollar spent in food stores. The other 83 cents is spent by the food processor, distributor and the store. In 1980, farmers received about 31 cents of the dollar. There is another presentation in the series by Dr Mike Thomsen in the Department of Agricultural Economics who discusses the causes and implications of this situation. There is another presentation in the series by Dr Mike Thomsen in the Department of Agricultural Economics who discusses the causes and implications of this situation.

28 28 THE FOOD DOLLAR

29 29 COMPONENTS OF THE FOOD DOLLAR

30 30 SOME INTERESTING FARM FACTS The average American farmer feeds 118 people. The average American farmer feeds 118 people. Today it takes about 40 days for most Americans to earn enough income to pay for their food supply for the entire year. It takes the average American 124 days to earn enough money to pay federal, state and local taxes for the year. Today it takes about 40 days for most Americans to earn enough income to pay for their food supply for the entire year. It takes the average American 124 days to earn enough money to pay federal, state and local taxes for the year.

31 31 CONCLUSIONS Arkansas is rich in agricultural commodities ranking #1 and #2 in rice and poultry, respectively. Arkansas is rich in agricultural commodities ranking #1 and #2 in rice and poultry, respectively. Food processing in Arkansas is a huge business with 232 food processing establishments, directly employing over 60,000 people with sales over $11B. Food processing in Arkansas is a huge business with 232 food processing establishments, directly employing over 60,000 people with sales over $11B.

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