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COMPOSITION Definition: The arrangement of elements within a frame Three Parts To a Picture 1.Subject (Center Of Interest) a.The Main Focus of the picture.

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Presentation on theme: "COMPOSITION Definition: The arrangement of elements within a frame Three Parts To a Picture 1.Subject (Center Of Interest) a.The Main Focus of the picture."— Presentation transcript:

1 COMPOSITION Definition: The arrangement of elements within a frame Three Parts To a Picture 1.Subject (Center Of Interest) a.The Main Focus of the picture 2.Message 3.Treatment of The Subject a.Composition Techniques

2 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 1.Rule of Thirds The Subject of the Photograph should be off center in the frame

3 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition

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5 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 1.Rule of Thirds Horizon Rule Horizon Line should be placed in the top or bottom third of the frame

6 Horizon Rule – Top or Bottom 3rd

7 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 2.Background Always be aware of your background. It should never interfere with your subject and your message

8 Background Background interferes, competing with the subject for attention. Background complements and strengthens the subject.

9 The Aperture is the camera control that directly affects background focus, which we call Depth of Field

10 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 2.Background Avoid Mergers. Because photos are 2 Dimensional, objects directly behind other objects in the frame can appear to merge together.

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12 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 3.Balance Always try to achieve a sense of Balance in the shot

13 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 3.Balance Two kinds of balance: Symmetrical Balance (equal) Symmetrical Balance (equal) Asymmetrical Balance (unequal)Asymmetrical Balance (unequal)

14 Balance Asymmetrical Balance Symmetrical Balance

15 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 4.Lines Lines can psychologically charge your image. We react differently to different kinds of lines

16 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 4.Lines Horizontal and Curved Lines create a sense of calm or peaceHorizontal and Curved Lines create a sense of calm or peace Diagonal or Vertical lines create a sense of tension Diagonal or Vertical lines create a sense of tension

17 Curves create peacefulness or a sense of calm, as opposed to the tension that diagonals can create

18 Lines, Shapes, Repetition, Pattern Pay attention to what Lines can do to create shapes, repetition, and patterns in a photo. All of these also add interest to a composition

19 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 4.Lines Leading Lines unconsciously lead the viewers eye to the vanishing point. Photographers will often place the subject of the shot at the vanishing point so the eye is forced to focus thereLeading Lines unconsciously lead the viewers eye to the vanishing point. Photographers will often place the subject of the shot at the vanishing point so the eye is forced to focus there

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21 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 5.Perspective The Perspective is the angle of view of the photo. Like lines, angles can psychologically affect the viewer (besides just making a shot more interesting generally)

22 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 5.Perspective A High Angle gives the subject a feeling of weakness or inferiority A High Angle gives the subject a feeling of weakness or inferiority A Low Angle gives the subject a feeling of strength or dominance A Low Angle gives the subject a feeling of strength or dominance

23 High Angle Low Angle Inferiority or Weakness Dominance or Strength

24 Perspective (angle of view)

25 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 6.Framing Using objects in the Foreground to naturally frame your subject

26 Framing is used to add interest to a photograph and to add a 3 Dimensional feel to the shot

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28 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 7.Motion Motion is directly controlled by the cameras shutter speed

29 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 7.Motion Fast shutter speeds freeze motionFast shutter speeds freeze motion Slow shutter speeds blur motion Slow shutter speeds blur motion

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31 Motion Motion Freeze Motion Blur

32 Rule of Motion Movement should be placed in the frame so it is coming into, not leaving, frame.

33 Rule of Motion As with most everything, there are exceptions to the rule. In this case, because the shot includes visual elements that work directly with the subject (the lines connecting the person in the background to the lines from the subjects action), framing the shot as seen is ok

34 COMPOSITION Techniques 8 Elements of Composition 8.Light Light is perhaps the most important element in photography as everything depends on itLight is perhaps the most important element in photography as everything depends on it Things to Remember: Light source should be behind the photographerLight source should be behind the photographer Overhead Light is harsh and flat (best time to take photos is morning or evening)Overhead Light is harsh and flat (best time to take photos is morning or evening) Direct Flash is harsh and flat and can blow out detailsDirect Flash is harsh and flat and can blow out details Try to use bounce, reflected, or diffused lightTry to use bounce, reflected, or diffused light

35 Light MOTION BLUR using a Slow Shutter Speed at Night

36 Light Light Trails from stars using a long shutter speed (B or Bulb Setting)

37 Light Position of the light source creates different effects such as silhouette from back lighting as above or dramatic shadows from side lighting as to the right


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